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416 Ergebnisse, ab 261
  • Externe Monographien

    Would I Care if I Knew? Image Concerns and Social Confirmation in Giving

    This paper experimentally investigates the nature of image concerns in gift giving. For this, we test variants of dictator and impunity games where the influences of social preferences on behavior are kept constant across all games. Givers maximize material payoffs by pretending to be fair when receivers do not know the actual surplus size, implying that portraying an outward appearance of norm compliance ...

    Bonn: IZA, 2014, 23 S.
    (Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 8739)
    | Alexander S. Kritikos, Jonathan H. W. Tan
  • Externe Monographien

    Do Entrepreneurs Really Earn Less?

    Based on representative micro data for Germany, we compare the incomes of self-employed with those of wage workers. Our results show that the median self-employed entrepreneur with employees earns significantly more than the median salaried employee, while the median solo entrepreneur earns less. However, solo entrepreneurship pays for those with a university entrance degree but no further professional ...

    Bonn: IZA, 2014, 27 S.
    (Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 8651)
    | Alina Sorgner, Michael Fritsch, Alexander S. Kritikos
  • Externe Monographien

    Do Entrepreneurs Really Earn Less?

    Based on representative micro data for Germany, we compare the incomes of self-employed with those of wage workers. Our results show that the median self-employed entrepreneur with employees earns significantly more than the median salaried employee, while the median solo entrepreneur earns less. However, solo entrepreneurship pays for those with a university entrance degree but no further professional ...

    Jena: Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, 2014, 27 S.
    (Jena Economic Research Papers ; 2014-029)
    | Alina Sorgner, Michael Fritsch, Alexander S. Kritikos
  • Externe Monographien

    The Gender Gap in Entrepreneurship: Not Just a Matter of Personality

    Why do entrepreneurship rates differ so markedly by gender? Using data from a large, representative German household panel, we investigate to what extent personality traits, humancapital, and the employment history influence the start-up decision and can explain the gender gap in entrepreneurship. Applying a decomposition analysis, we observe that thehigherrisk aversion among women explains a large ...

    München: CESifo, 2014, 38 S.
    (CESifo Working Papers ; 4803)
    | Marco Caliendo, Frank Fossen, Alexander Kritikos, Miriam Wetter
  • Externe Monographien

    Business Cycles, Unemployment and Entrepreneurial Entry: Evidence from Germany

    We investigate whether people are more willing to become self-employed during boom periods or during recessions and to what extent business cycles or unemployment levels influence entries into entrepreneurship. Our analysis for Germany reveals that there is a positive relationship between unemployment rates and start-up activities. Moreover, new business formation is higher during recessions than in ...

    Bonn: IZA, 2013, 38 S.
    (Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 7852)
    | Michael Fritsch, Alexander S. Kritikos, Katharina Pijnenburg
  • Externe Monographien

    Growing out of the Crisis: Hidden Assets to Greece's Transition to an Innovation Economy

    Greece's currently planned institutional reforms will help to get the country going with limited economic growth. With an economy based primarily on tourism, trade, and agriculture, Greece lacks an established competitive industry and an innovation-friendly environment, resulting in a low export ratio given the small size of the country and its long-time EU-membership. Instead, Greece exports only ...

    Bonn: IZA, 2013, 32 S.
    (Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 7606)
    | Benedikt Herrmann, Alexander S. Kritikos
  • Externe Monographien

    Business Cycles, Unemployment and Entrepreneurial Entry: First Evidence from Germany

    We investigate whether people become more willingly self-employed during boom periods or in recessions and to what extent it is the business cycle or the employment status influencing entry rates into entrepreneurship. Our analysis for Germany reveals that start-up activities are positively influenced by unemployment rates and that the cyclical component of real GDP has a negative effect. This implies ...

    Jena: Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, 2013, 25 S.
    (Jena Economic Research Papers ; 2013-011)
    | Michael Fritsch, Alexander S. Kritikos, Katharina Pijnenburg
  • Externe Monographien

    Drivers of Self-Employment: A Multivariate Decomposition Analysis for the Case of Germany

    We analyze the sources of the rise in the levels of self-employment in Germany since reunification by applying the non-linear Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition technique. This analysis is performed separately for East and West Germany in order to account for the East German recovery of entrepreneurship after 40 years of socialist regime. We find different results for self-employed people with employees ...

    Jena: Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, 2013, 36 S.
    (Jena Economic Research Papers ; 2013-006)
    | Michael Fritsch, Alexander S. Kritikos, Alina Sorgner
  • Externe Monographien

    Who Starts a Business and Who Is Self-Employed in Germany

    Based on representative data, the German Micro-Census, we provide an overview of the development of self-employment and entrepreneurship in Germany between 1991 and 2010, the first two decades after reunification. We investigate the socioeconomic background of these individuals, their education, previous employment status, and their income level. We observe a unique increase in self-employment in Germany ...

    Bonn: IZA, 2012, 49 S.
    (Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 6326)
    | Michael Fritsch, Alexander S. Kritikos, Alina Rusakova
  • Externe Monographien

    Who Starts a Business and Who Is Self-Employed in Germany

    Based on representative data, the German Micro-Census, we provide an overview of the development of self-employment and entrepreneurship in Germany between 1991 and 2011, the first two decades after reunification. We investigate the socio-economic background of these individuals, their education, previous employment status, and their income level. We observe a unique increase in self-employment in ...

    Jena: Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, 2012, 49 S.
    (Jena Economic Research Papers ; 2012-001)
    | Michael Fritsch, Alexander S. Kritikos, Alina Rusakova
416 Ergebnisse, ab 261
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