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DIW Economic Bulletin 49 / 2016

The Parental Leave Benefit: A Key Family Policy Measure, One Decade Later

On January 1, 2017, the parental leave benefit will be celebrating its tenth anniversary. Although its implementation was fervidly debated, it has become a widely accepted family policy measure. Its impact on parental labor supply, the division oflabor between parents, fertility, and indicators that reflect the well-being of parents and children have been examined from a variety of perspectives. A ...

2016| Mathias Huebener, Kai-Uwe Müller, C. Katharina Spieß, Katharina Wrohlich
DIW Economic Bulletin 45/46 / 2015

The "Family Working-Time Benefits Model" (Familienarbeitszeit): Giving Mothers More Time for Work, Giving Fathers More Time for Family

Two years ago, DIW Berlin introduced “Familienarbeitszeit”, which offers wage replacement for families in which both partners decide to take on reduced full-time employment (working hours amount¬ing to roughly 80 percent of a full-time job, henceforth referred to as “three-quarters employment”). This study investigates further developments of this model: Apart from a more generous wage replacement ...

2015| Kai-Uwe Müller, Michael Neumann, Katharina Wrohlich
Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 1 / 2014

Kindertagesbetreuung: wie wird ihre Nutzung beeinflusst und was kann sie für die Entwicklung von Kindern bewirken?

Immer mehr Kinder in Deutschland nutzen eine Kindertagesbetreuung. Wie beeinflusst die Familienpolitik diese Nutzung? Wie wirken einzelne ehe- und familienpolitische Maßnahmen und inwiefern unterscheiden sich diese Wirkungen für unterschiedliche Familientypen? Diesen Fragen widmet sich der erste Teil dieses Beitrags. Er zeigt, dass insbesondere die öffentliche Finanzierung der Kindertagesbetreuung ...

2014| Kai-Uwe Müller, C. Katharina Spieß, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1809 / 2019

Time to Care? The Effects of Retirement on Informal Care Provision

This paper analyzes the impact of a reduction in women's labor supply through retirement on their informal care provision. Using SOEP data from the years 2001- 2016 the analysis addresses fundamental endogeneity problems by applying a fuzzy regression discontinuity design. We exploit early retirement thresholds for women in the German pension system as instruments for their retirement decision. We ...

2019| Björn Fischer, Kai-Uwe Müller
Diskussionspapiere 1805 / 2019

Does the German Minimum Wage Help Low Income Households? Evidence from Observed Outcomes and the Simulation of Potential Effects

Does the federal minimum wage in Germany introduced in 2015 improve the income situation of low income households and reduce in-work poverty? Previous literature on its distributional impact was either focused on earnings and hourly wages (e.g. Caliendo et al., 2017), or is based on ex-ante simulations (e.g. Müller and Steiner, 2013). This paper provides systematic descriptive ex-post evidence on the ...

2019| Teresa Backhaus, Kai-Uwe Müller
Diskussionspapiere 1758 / 2018

Labor Supply under Participation and Hours Constraints

The paper extends a static discrete-choice labor supply model by adding participation and hours constraints. We identify restrictions by survey information on the eligibility and search activities of individuals as well as actual and desired hours. This provides for a more robust identification of preferences and constraints. Both, preferences and restrictions are allowed to vary by and are related ...

2018| Kai-Uwe Müller, Michael Neumann, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1747 / 2018

Does Subsidized Care for Toddlers Increase Maternal Labor Supply? Evidence from a Large-Scale Expansion of Early Childcare

Expanding public or publicly subsidized childcare has been a top social policy priority in many industrialized countries. It is supposed to increase fertility, promote children's development and enhance mothers' labor market attachment. In this paper, we analyze the causal effect of one of the largest expansions of subsidized childcare for children up to three years among industrialized countries on ...

2018| Kai-Uwe Müller, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1627 / 2016

Who Bears the Burden of Social Security Contributions in Germany? Evidence from 35 Years of Administrative Data

This paper provides evidence over a long time period on the question of who bears the burden of social security contributions (SSC) in Germany. Following Alvaredo et al. (2016) we exploit kinks in the budget set generated by a drop in the marginal SSC rate at earnings caps. Based on cross-sectional earnings distributions the framework does not rely on policy reforms. Applying the approach to administrative ...

2016| Kai-Uwe Müller, Michael Neumann
Diskussionspapiere 1603 / 2016

The Family Working Time Model - Toward More Gender Equality in Work and Care

Since the millennium, the labor market participation of women and mothers is increasing across European countries. Several work/care policy measures underlie this evolution. At the same time, the labor market behavior of men and fathers, as well as their involvement in care work, is relatively unchanging, meaning that employed mothers are facing an increased burden with respect to gainful employment ...

2016| Kai-Uwe Müller, Michael Neumann, Katharina Wrohlich
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