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Sonstige Publikationen des DIW / Aufsätze 2017

Integrating Refugees: Insights from the Past

2017| Philipp Eisnecker, Johannes Giesecke, Martin Kroh, Elisabeth Liebau, Jan Marcus, Zerrin Salikutluk, Diana Schacht, C. Katharina Spieß, Franz Westermaier

Four Essays on Causal Inference in Health Economics: Dissertation

This cumulative dissertation consists of four papers. Each paper makes an independent contribution to the literature by investigating the impact of one particular factor on health. The first paper shows that job loss increases body weight (slightly) and the risk of starting smoking (considerably). The related second paper reveals that unemployment decreases the mental health of spouses almost as much ...

Berlin: Technische Universität, 2013, XIII, 169 S. | Jan Marcus
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Lost Job, Lost Trust? On the Effect of Involuntary Job Loss on Trust

This paper tests the conjecture that involuntary job loss erodes trust. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel and considering how trust evolves over a quinquennial time interval, we find that job loss decreases trust by about 9 percent of a standard deviation.

In: Journal of Economic Psychology 84 (2021), 102369, 9 S. | Tim Friehe, Jan Marcus
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Using Difference-in-Differences to Identify Causal Effects of COVID-19 Policies

Policymakers have implemented a wide range of non-pharmaceutical interventions to fight the spread of COVID-19. Variation in policies across jurisdictions and over time strongly suggests a difference-in-differences (DD) research design to estimate causal effects of counter-COVID measures. We discuss threats to the validity of these DD designs and make recommendations about how researchers can avoid ...

In: Survey Research Methods 14 (2020), 2, S. 153-158 | Andrew Goodman-Bacon, Jan Marcus
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Effect of Unemployment on the Smoking Behavior of Couples

Although unemployment likely entails various externalities, research examining its spillover effects on spouses is scarce. This is the first paper to estimate effects of unemployment on the smoking behavior of both spouses. Using German Socio‐Economic Panel data, we combine matching and difference‐in‐differences estimation, employing the post‐double‐selection method for control variable selection via ...

In: Health Economics 29 (2020), 2, S. 154-170 | Jakob Everding, Jan Marcus
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Increased Instruction Time and Stress-Related Health Problems among School Children

While several studies suggest that stress-related mental health problems among school children are related to specific elements of schooling, empirical evidence on this causal relationship is scarce. We examine a German schooling reform that increased weekly instruction time and study its effects on stress-related outpatient diagnoses from the universe of health claims data of the German Social Health ...

In: Journal of Health Economics 70 (2020), 102256, 13 S. | Jan Marcus, Simon Reif, Amelie Wuppermann, Amélie Rouche
Externe referierte Aufsätze

School Entry, Afternoon Care, and Mothers’ Labour Supply

The availability of childcare is a crucial factor for mothers’ labour force participation. While most of the literature examines childcare for preschool children, we specifically focus on primary school-aged children, estimating the effect of formal afternoon care on maternal labour supply. To do so, we use a novel matching technique, entropy balancing, and draw on the rich and longitudinal data of ...

In: Empirical Economics 57 (2019), 3, S. 769-803 | Ludovica Gambaro, Jan Marcus, Frauke H. Peter
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Day Care Quality and Changes in the Home Learning Environment of Children

Children's development is fostered by both high quality Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) settings and high quality home learning environments. As we know little about the interrelations between these two environments, we examine whether the child's attendance in a high quality ECEC arrangement relates to the quality of her home learning environment. Using rich NICHD Study of Early Child Care ...

In: Education Economics 27 (2019), 3, S. 265-286 | Susanne Kuger, Jan Marcus, C. Katharina Spieß
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Effect of Increasing Education Efficiency on University Enrollment: Evidence from Administrative Data and an Unusual Schooling Reform in Germany

We examine the consequences of compressing secondary schooling on university enrollment. An unusual education reform in Germany reduced the length of academic high school while simultaneously increasing the instruction hours in the remaining years. Accordingly, students receive the same amount of schooling but over a shorter period of time. Based on a difference-in-differences approach and using administrative ...

In: Journal of Human Resources 54 (2019), 2, S. 468-502 | Jan Marcus, Vaishali Zambre
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Increased Instruction Hours and the Widening Gap in Student Performance

Do increased instruction hours improve the performance of all students? Using PISA scores of students in ninth grade, we analyse the effect of a German education reform that increased weekly instruction hours by two hours (6.5 percent) over almost five years. In the additional time, students are taught new learning content. On average, the reform improves student performance. However, treatment effects ...

In: Labour Economics 47 (2017), S. 15-34 | Mathias Huebener, Susanne Kuger, Jan Marcus
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