Thema Persönlichkeit

249 Ergebnisse, ab 1
Blog Marcel Fratzscher

Die moralisch blinden Flecken

Die Pandemie hat gezeigt, wie wenig wir zuweilen bereit sind zu investieren, um Schaden zu verhindern. Das gilt für viele Bereiche des Lebens. Wir sollten daraus lernen. Der schleppende Impfstart in Deutschland hat die Hoffnung auf eine rasche Normalisierung des täglichen Lebens verpuffen lassen. Dennoch gehen viele davon aus, dass Ende 2021 alles wieder so sein wird wie vor der Pandemie. ...

09.04.2021| Marcel Fratzscher
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

A Mega-Analysis of Personality Prediction: Robustness and Boundary Conditions

Decades of studies identify personality traits as an important predictor of life outcomes. However, previous investigations of personality-outcome associations have not taken a principled approach to covariate use or other sampling strategies to ensure the robustness of personality-outcome associations. The result is that it is unclear (1)...

27.01.2021| Emorie Beck, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Changes in Optimism and Pessimism in Response to Life Events: Evidence from Three Large Panel Studies

Although individuals vary in how optimistic they are about the future, one assumption that researchers make is that optimism is sensitive to changes in life events and circumstances. We examined how optimism and pessimism changed across the lifespan and in response to life events in three large panel studies (combined N = 74,886). In the American and Dutch samples, we found that optimism increased ...

In: Journal of Research in Personality (2021), im Ersch. | William J. Chopik, Jeewon Oh, Eric S. Kim, Ted Schwaba, Michael D. Krämer, David Richter, Jacqui Smith
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Analysing Effects of Birth Order on Intelligence, Educational Attainment, Big Five, and Risk Aversion in an Indonesian Sample

Few studies have examined birth order effects on personality in countries that are not Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic (WEIRD). However, theories have generally suggested that interculturally universal family dynamics are the mechanism behind birth order effects, and prominent theories such as resource dilutionwould predict even stronger linear effects in poorer countries. Here, ...

In: European Journal of Personality 35 (2021), 2, S. 234–248 | Laura J. Botzet, Julia M. Rohrer, Ruben Arslan
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Identifying Robust Correlates of Risk Preference: A Systematic Approach Using Specification Curve Analysis

People’s risk preferences are thought to be central to many consequential real-life decisions, making it important to identify robust correlates of this construct. Various psychological theories have put forth a series of candidate correlates, yet the strength and robustness of their associations remain unclear because of disparate operationalizations of risk preference and analytic limitations in ...

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 120 (2021), 2, S. 538–557 | Renato Frey, David Richter, Jürgen Schupp, Ralph Hertwig, Rui Mata
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Irrational Attention to Correlation in Selected Data

It is very rare that the causal link between actions and outcomes can be observed directly. Often, it is much easier to observe correlation. To derive causality from correlation, economists use elaborate techniques. However, little is known about individuals’ capabilities to infer from correlational data in their everyday lives. I test if individuals erroneously infer...

09.12.2020| Annekatrin Schrenker
Berlin Applied Micro Seminar (BAMS)

Geographic sorting and aversion to breaking rules

30.11.2020| Massimo Anelli (Bocconi University)
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

The Gender Gap in Student Performance: The Role of the Testing Environment

Abstract:   Our research question is to what extent does the familiarity with the testing environment impact the relative performance of boys and girls in standardized testing. We use an RCT-design on the full population of students in Grade 6 and 10 across several subjects in the Region of Madrid (Spain). This standardized test was either "Externally" administered, meaning that teachers...

09.10.2020| Almudena Sevilla, University College London
DIW aktuell

Menschen überschätzen Risiko einer Covid-19-Erkrankung, berücksichtigen aber individuelle Risikofaktoren

Um mit der Corona-Pandemie möglichst angemessen umgehen zu können, ist es wichtig, dass die Menschen hierzulande eine realistische Vorstellung davon haben, wie hoch ihr individuelles Risiko einer Erkrankung ist. Wie aktuelle Analysen der SOEP-CoV-Studie nun zeigen, sind sich die meisten Menschen in Deutschland durchaus bewusst, dass Faktoren wie das Lebensalter, Vorerkrankungen und der...

06.08.2020| Stefan Liebig, Gert G. Wagner
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