Thema Persönlichkeit

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240 Ergebnisse, ab 11
Finanzkompetenz für alle Lebenslagen

Verschuldung privater Haushalte – Ursachen und Hilfen

Im 4. und letzten Workshop im Rahmen der Veranstaltungsreihe des DIW Berlin „Finanzkompetenz für alle Lebenslagen“ wird insbesondere diskutiert, ob Finanzwissen sowie -bildung und -beratung einen Beitrag dazu leisten können, den Weg in die Verschuldung zu verhindern und den Weg aus der Verschuldung zu unterstützen. Laut Schuldneratlas 2019 betrug der Anteil...

31.01.2020
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Is Healthy Neuroticism Associated with Chronic Conditions? A Coordinated Integrative Data Analysis

Current literature suggests that neuroticism is positively associated with maladaptive life choices, likelihood of disease, and mortality. However, recent research has identified circumstances under which neuroticism is associated with positive outcomes. The current project examined whether “healthy neuroticism”, defined as the interaction of neuroticism and conscientiousness, was associated with the ...

In: Collabra: Psychology 6 (2020), 1, Art. 42, 16 S. | Sara J. Weston, Eileen K. Graham, Nicholas A. Turiano, Damaris Aschwanden, Tom Booth, Fleur Harrison, Bryan D. James, Nathan A. Lewis, Steven R. Makkar, Swantje Mueller, Kristi M. Wisniewski, Tomiko Yoneda, Ruixue Zhaoyang, Avron Spiro, Johanna Drewelies, Gert G. Wagner, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Ilja Demuth, Sherry Willis, K. Warner Schaie, Martin Sliwinski, Richard A. Lipton, Mindy Katz, Ian J. Deary, Elizabeth M. Zelinski, David A. Bennett, Perminder S. Sachdev, Henry Brodaty, Julian N. Troller, David Ames, Margaret J. Wright, Denis Gerstorf, Mathias Allemand, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Andrea M. Piccinin, Scott M. Hofer, Daniel K. Mroczek
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Well-Being Benefits of Person-Culture Match Are Contingent on Basic Personality Traits

People enjoy well-being benefits if their personal characteristics match those of their culture. This person-culture match effect is integral to many psychological theories and—as a driver of migration—carries much societal relevance. But do people differ in the degree to which person-culture match confers well-being benefits? In the first-ever empirical test of that question, we examined whether the ...

In: Psychological Science 31 (2020), 10, S. 1283-1293 | Jochen E. Gebauer, Jennifer Eck, Theresa Entringer, Wiebke Bleidorn, Peter J. Rentfrow, Jeff Potter, Samuel D. Gosling
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Analysing Effects of Birth Order on Intelligence, Educational Attainment, Big Five, and Risk Aversion in an Indonesian Sample

Few studies have examined birth order effects on personality in countries that are not Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic (WEIRD). However, theories have generally suggested that interculturally universal family dynamics are the mechanism behind birth order effects, and prominent theories such as resource dilutionwould predict even stronger linear effects in poorer countries. Here, ...

In: European Journal of Personality (2020), im Ersch. | Laura J. Botzet, Julia M. Rohrer, Ruben Arslan
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Is Healthy Neuroticism Associated with Health Behaviors? A Coordinated Integrative Data Analysis

Current literature suggests that neuroticism is positively associated with maladaptive life choices, likelihood of disease, and mortality. However, recent research has identified circumstances under which neuroticism is associated with positive outcomes. The current project examined whether “healthy neuroticism”, defined as the interaction of neuroticism and conscientiousness, was associated with the ...

In: Collabra: Psychology 6 (2020), 1, Art. 32, 18 S. | Eileen K. Graham, Sara J. Weston, Nicholas A. Turiano, Damaris Aschwanden, Tom Booth, Fleur Harrison, Bryan D. James, Nathan A. Lewis, Steven R. Makkar, Swantje Mueller, Kristi M. Wisniewski, Tomiko Yoneda, Ruixue Zhaoyang, Avron Spiro, Sherry Willis, K. Warner Schaie, Martin Sliwinski, Richard A. Lipton, Mindy J. Katz, Ian J. Deary, Elizabeth M. Zelinski, David A. Bennett, Perminder S. Sachdev, Henry Brodaty, Julian N. Trollor, David Ames, Margaret J. Wright, Denis Gerstorf, Mathias Allemand, Johanna Drewelies, Gert G. Wagner, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Andrea M. Piccinin, Scott M. Hofer, Daniel K. Mroczek
SOEPpapers 1082 / 2020

Testing the Social Investment Principle around Childbirth: Little Evidence for Personality Maturation before and after Becoming a Parent

In line with the Social Investment Principle, becoming a parent should lead to more mature behavior and an increase in conscientiousness, agreeableness, and emotional stability. However, previous research provided mixed results that do not support this idea. Here, we used data from a nationally representative household panel study from Germany (N = 19,875) to examine whether becoming a parent relates ...

2020| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
SOEPpapers 1086 / 2020

2D:4D Does Not Predict Economic Preferences: Evidence from a Large, Representative Sample

The digit ratio (2D:4D) is considered a proxy for testosterone exposure in utero, and there has been a recent surge of studies testing whether 2D:4D is associated with economic preferences. Although the results are not conclusive, previous studies have reported statistically significant correlations between 2D:4D and risk taking, altruism, positive reciprocity, negative reciprocity and trust. Many “researcher ...

2020| Levent Neyse, Magnus Johannesson, Anna Dreber
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Trajectories of Big Five Personality Traits: A Coordinated Analysis of 16 Longitudinal Samples

This study assessed change in self-reported Big Five personality traits. We conducted a coordinated inte-grative data analysis using data from 16 longitudinal samples, comprising a total sample of over 60 000 participants.We coordinated models across multiple datasets and fit identical multi-level growth models to assess and compare theextent of trait change over time. Quadratic change was assessed ...

In: European Journal of Personality 34 (2020), 3, S. 301-321 | Eileen K. Graham, Sara J. Weston, Denis Gerstorf, Tomiko B. Yoneda, Tom Booth, Christopher R. Beam, Andrew J. Petkus, Johanna Drewelies, Andrew N. Hall, Emily D. Bastarache, Ryne Estabrook, Mindy J. Katz, Nicholas A. Turiano, Ulman Lindenberger, Jacqui Smith, Gert G. Wagner, Nancy L. Pedersen, Mathias Allemand, Avron Spiro III, Dorly J.H. Deeg, Boo Johansson, Andrea M. Piccinin, Richard B. Lipton, K. Warner Schaie, Sherry Willis, Chandra A. Reynolds, Ian J. Deary, Scott M. Hofer, Daniel K. Mroczek
SOEPpapers 1078 / 2020

Gender-Specific Personality Traits and Their Effects on the Gender Wage Gap: A Correlated Random Effects Approach using SOEP Data

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this article examines whether gender wage differentials occur due to differences in prototypical personality traits of women and men and provides the first application of a gender wage gap decomposition on the basis of a correlated random effects model. Main results show that agreeableness and openness are the most important personality ...

2020| Sina Otten
SOEPpapers 1071 / 2020

Income Distribution and the Fear of Crime: Evidence from Germany

We here explore the link between individual concerns about crime and the distribution of income in Germany. We make use of 1995-2017 microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to show that both individual polarization and relative deprivation have statistically-significant effects on reported concerns about crime, while relative satisfaction plays no role. At the aggregate level, the main ...

2020| Michelle Acampora, Conchita D'Ambrosio, Markus M. Grabka
240 Ergebnisse, ab 11