Thema Persönlichkeit

249 Ergebnisse, ab 21
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Well-Being Benefits of Person-Culture Match Are Contingent on Basic Personality Traits

People enjoy well-being benefits if their personal characteristics match those of their culture. This person-culture match effect is integral to many psychological theories and—as a driver of migration—carries much societal relevance. But do people differ in the degree to which person-culture match confers well-being benefits? In the first-ever empirical test of that question, we examined whether the ...

In: Psychological Science 31 (2020), 10, S. 1283-1293 | Jochen E. Gebauer, Jennifer Eck, Theresa Entringer, Wiebke Bleidorn, Peter J. Rentfrow, Jeff Potter, Samuel D. Gosling
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Is Healthy Neuroticism Associated with Health Behaviors? A Coordinated Integrative Data Analysis

Current literature suggests that neuroticism is positively associated with maladaptive life choices, likelihood of disease, and mortality. However, recent research has identified circumstances under which neuroticism is associated with positive outcomes. The current project examined whether “healthy neuroticism”, defined as the interaction of neuroticism and conscientiousness, was associated with the ...

In: Collabra: Psychology 6 (2020), 1, Art. 32, 18 S. | Eileen K. Graham, Sara J. Weston, Nicholas A. Turiano, Damaris Aschwanden, Tom Booth, Fleur Harrison, Bryan D. James, Nathan A. Lewis, Steven R. Makkar, Swantje Mueller, Kristi M. Wisniewski, Tomiko Yoneda, Ruixue Zhaoyang, Avron Spiro, Sherry Willis, K. Warner Schaie, Martin Sliwinski, Richard A. Lipton, Mindy J. Katz, Ian J. Deary, Elizabeth M. Zelinski, David A. Bennett, Perminder S. Sachdev, Henry Brodaty, Julian N. Trollor, David Ames, Margaret J. Wright, Denis Gerstorf, Mathias Allemand, Johanna Drewelies, Gert G. Wagner, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Andrea M. Piccinin, Scott M. Hofer, Daniel K. Mroczek
SOEPpapers 1082 / 2020

Testing the Social Investment Principle around Childbirth: Little Evidence for Personality Maturation before and after Becoming a Parent

In line with the Social Investment Principle, becoming a parent should lead to more mature behavior and an increase in conscientiousness, agreeableness, and emotional stability. However, previous research provided mixed results that do not support this idea. Here, we used data from a nationally representative household panel study from Germany (N = 19,875) to examine whether becoming a parent relates ...

2020| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
SOEPpapers 1078 / 2020

Gender-Specific Personality Traits and Their Effects on the Gender Wage Gap: A Correlated Random Effects Approach using SOEP Data

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this article examines whether gender wage differentials occur due to differences in prototypical personality traits of women and men and provides the first application of a gender wage gap decomposition on the basis of a correlated random effects model. Main results show that agreeableness and openness are the most important personality ...

2020| Sina Otten
SOEPpapers 1074 / 2020

Spenden in Deutschland – Analysen auf Basis des SOEP und Vergleiche mit anderen empirischen Studien

In 2018, participants in the Socio-Economic Panel were asked for the third time whether and how much money they had donated in the past year to social, church, cultural, charitable and non-profit causes. This paper examines the results of this survey and compares them with the previous findings for the years 2009 and 2014. According to SOEP data, almost one in two private individuals in Germany continued ...

2020| Zbignev Gricevic, Karsten Schulz-Sandhof, Jürgen Schupp
SOEPpapers 1100 / 2020

Taking the Ups and Downs at the Rollercoaster of Love: Associations between Major Relationship Events and the Big Five Personality Traits

Personality predicts how we interact with others, what partners we have, and how happy and lasting our romantic relationships are. At the same time, our experiences in these relationships may affect our personality. Who experiences specific major relationship events and how do these events relate to personality development? We examined this issue based on data from a nationally representative household ...

2020| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
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Trajectories of Big Five Personality Traits: A Coordinated Analysis of 16 Longitudinal Samples

This study assessed change in self-reported Big Five personality traits. We conducted a coordinated inte-grative data analysis using data from 16 longitudinal samples, comprising a total sample of over 60 000 participants.We coordinated models across multiple datasets and fit identical multi-level growth models to assess and compare theextent of trait change over time. Quadratic change was assessed ...

In: European Journal of Personality 34 (2020), 3, S. 301-321 | Eileen K. Graham, Sara J. Weston, Denis Gerstorf, Tomiko B. Yoneda, Tom Booth, Christopher R. Beam, Andrew J. Petkus, Johanna Drewelies, Andrew N. Hall, Emily D. Bastarache, Ryne Estabrook, Mindy J. Katz, Nicholas A. Turiano, Ulman Lindenberger, Jacqui Smith, Gert G. Wagner, Nancy L. Pedersen, Mathias Allemand, Avron Spiro III, Dorly J.H. Deeg, Boo Johansson, Andrea M. Piccinin, Richard B. Lipton, K. Warner Schaie, Sherry Willis, Chandra A. Reynolds, Ian J. Deary, Scott M. Hofer, Daniel K. Mroczek
SOEPpapers 1086 / 2020

2D:4D Does Not Predict Economic Preferences: Evidence from a Large, Representative Sample

The digit ratio (2D:4D) is considered a proxy for testosterone exposure in utero, and there has been a recent surge of studies testing whether 2D:4D is associated with economic preferences. Although the results are not conclusive, previous studies have reported statistically significant correlations between 2D:4D and risk taking, altruism, positive reciprocity, negative reciprocity and trust. Many “researcher ...

2020| Levent Neyse, Magnus Johannesson, Anna Dreber
SOEPpapers 1071 / 2020

Income Distribution and the Fear of Crime: Evidence from Germany

We here explore the link between individual concerns about crime and the distribution of income in Germany. We make use of 1995-2017 microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to show that both individual polarization and relative deprivation have statistically-significant effects on reported concerns about crime, while relative satisfaction plays no role. At the aggregate level, the main ...

2020| Michelle Acampora, Conchita D'Ambrosio, Markus M. Grabka
SOEPpapers 1075 / 2020

Prosociality and Risk Preferences in the Financial Sector

Using large-scale data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this paper finds that financial professionals have a lower prosociality and riskier behavior than a control group. I interpret these findings using the person-organization fit theory, and thus, the compatibility between the employee’s personality and the prevailing culture in their organization. The financial sector attracts riskier individuals, ...

2020| Max Deter
249 Ergebnisse, ab 21