Thema Persönlichkeit

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244 Ergebnisse, ab 21
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Trajectories of Big Five Personality Traits: A Coordinated Analysis of 16 Longitudinal Samples

This study assessed change in self-reported Big Five personality traits. We conducted a coordinated inte-grative data analysis using data from 16 longitudinal samples, comprising a total sample of over 60 000 participants.We coordinated models across multiple datasets and fit identical multi-level growth models to assess and compare theextent of trait change over time. Quadratic change was assessed ...

In: European Journal of Personality 34 (2020), 3, S. 301-321 | Eileen K. Graham, Sara J. Weston, Denis Gerstorf, Tomiko B. Yoneda, Tom Booth, Christopher R. Beam, Andrew J. Petkus, Johanna Drewelies, Andrew N. Hall, Emily D. Bastarache, Ryne Estabrook, Mindy J. Katz, Nicholas A. Turiano, Ulman Lindenberger, Jacqui Smith, Gert G. Wagner, Nancy L. Pedersen, Mathias Allemand, Avron Spiro III, Dorly J.H. Deeg, Boo Johansson, Andrea M. Piccinin, Richard B. Lipton, K. Warner Schaie, Sherry Willis, Chandra A. Reynolds, Ian J. Deary, Scott M. Hofer, Daniel K. Mroczek
SOEPpapers 1086 / 2020

2D:4D Does Not Predict Economic Preferences: Evidence from a Large, Representative Sample

The digit ratio (2D:4D) is considered a proxy for testosterone exposure in utero, and there has been a recent surge of studies testing whether 2D:4D is associated with economic preferences. Although the results are not conclusive, previous studies have reported statistically significant correlations between 2D:4D and risk taking, altruism, positive reciprocity, negative reciprocity and trust. Many “researcher ...

2020| Levent Neyse, Magnus Johannesson, Anna Dreber
SOEPpapers 1078 / 2020

Gender-Specific Personality Traits and Their Effects on the Gender Wage Gap: A Correlated Random Effects Approach using SOEP Data

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this article examines whether gender wage differentials occur due to differences in prototypical personality traits of women and men and provides the first application of a gender wage gap decomposition on the basis of a correlated random effects model. Main results show that agreeableness and openness are the most important personality ...

2020| Sina Otten
SOEPpapers 1074 / 2020

Spenden in Deutschland – Analysen auf Basis des SOEP und Vergleiche mit anderen empirischen Studien

In 2018, participants in the Socio-Economic Panel were asked for the third time whether and how much money they had donated in the past year to social, church, cultural, charitable and non-profit causes. This paper examines the results of this survey and compares them with the previous findings for the years 2009 and 2014. According to SOEP data, almost one in two private individuals in Germany continued ...

2020| Zbignev Gricevic, Karsten Schulz-Sandhof, Jürgen Schupp
SOEPpapers 1071 / 2020

Income Distribution and the Fear of Crime: Evidence from Germany

We here explore the link between individual concerns about crime and the distribution of income in Germany. We make use of 1995-2017 microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to show that both individual polarization and relative deprivation have statistically-significant effects on reported concerns about crime, while relative satisfaction plays no role. At the aggregate level, the main ...

2020| Michelle Acampora, Conchita D'Ambrosio, Markus M. Grabka
SOEPpapers 1075 / 2020

Prosociality and Risk Preferences in the Financial Sector

Using large-scale data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this paper finds that financial professionals have a lower prosociality and riskier behavior than a control group. I interpret these findings using the person-organization fit theory, and thus, the compatibility between the employee’s personality and the prevailing culture in their organization. The financial sector attracts riskier individuals, ...

2020| Max Deter
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

From workers to capitalists in less than two generations: A study of Chinese urban elite transformation between 1988 and 2013

Economic and social transformation of China during the past 40 years is without precedent in human history. While the economic transformation was extensively studied, social transformation was not. In this paper, we use for the first time harmonized household surveys covering the period 1988-2013 to study the changes in the characteristics of the richest 5 percent of China&rsquo...

18.12.2019| Li Yang, Paris School of Economics
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

Determinants of Locus of Control - Evidence from a Mentoring Intervention

(together with Fabian Kosse and Armin Falk) In this project we investigate the determinants of locus of control using data from the BRIQ Family Panel. Particular interest lies in the effectiveness of a one year mentoring intervention which targeted low SES children at the age of 7 to 9.We find that the mentoring intervention had no effect on locus of control in the first 5 waves...

20.11.2019| Sandra Bohmann
Seminar Series on Research in Development Economics

From workers to capitalists in less than two generations: A study of Chinese urban elite transformation between 1988 and 2013

Economic and social transformation of China during the past 40 years is without precedent in human history. While the economic transformation was extensively studied, social transformation was not. In this paper, we use for the first time harmonized household surveys covering the period 1988-2013 to study the changes in the characteristics the richest 5 percent of China’s urban population....

18.11.2019| Li Yang, Paris School of Economics
SOEP Brown Bag Seminar

The New Top-Wealth Sample - First Impressions

Top-wealth holders are typically underrepresented or completely missing in population surveys. The lack of comprehensive national registers on high-wealth individuals in many countries challenged previous attempts to remedy this under-representation. In a novel research design, we draw on public data on the shareholding structures of companies as a sampling frame. Our design builds on...

07.11.2019| Carsten Schröder, Johannes König
244 Ergebnisse, ab 21