Thema Surveymethodologie und Data-Science

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1932 Ergebnisse, ab 11
SOEPpapers 1148 / 2021

Television, Health, and Happiness: A Natural Experiment in West Germany

Watching television is the most time-consuming human activity besides work but its role for individual well-being is unclear. Negative consequences portrayed in the literature raise the question whether this popular pastime constitutes an economic good or bad, and hence serves as a prime example of irrational behavior reducing individual health and happiness. Using rich panel data, we are the first ...

2021| Adrian Chadi, Manuel Hoffmann
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Who Teaches the Teachers? A RCT of Peer-To-Peer Observation and Feedback in 181 Schools

This paper evaluates a widely used, low stakes, teacher peer-to-peer observation and feedback program under Randomized Control Trial (RCT) conditions. Half of 181 volunteer primary schools in England were randomly selected to participate in a two-year program in which three fourth and fifth grade teachers observed each other. We find that two cohorts of students taught by treated teachers perform no ...

In: Economics of Education Review 82 (2021), 102091, 18 S. | Richard Murphy, Felix Weinhardt, Gill Wyness
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Exposure to Inequality May Cause Under-provision of Public Goods: Experimental Evidence

Economic inequality is rising globally and due to developments in information technologies and globalization, nowadays individuals are more exposed to such an inequality than ever. Recent studies show that exposure to inequality may shape economic decisions. In this article, we test whether contributions in the public goods game are sensitive to information about inequality of personal benefits between ...

In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 92 (2021), 101679, 10 S. | Pablo Brañas-Garza, Elena Molis, Levent Neyse
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The Leniency Rule Revisited: Experiments on Cartel Formation with Open Communication

The experimental literature on antitrust enforcement provides robust evidence that communication plays an important role for the formation and stability of cartels. We extend these studies through a design that distinguishes between innocuous communication and communication about a cartel, sanctioning only the latter. To this aim, we introduce a participant in the role of the competition authority, ...

In: International Journal of Industrial Organization 76 (2021), 102728, 25 S. | Maximilian Andres, Lisa Bruttel, Jana Friedrichsen
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Air Pollution and the Productivity of High-Skill Labor: Evidence from Court Hearings

Air pollution’s influence on cognitive productivity is a highly relevant and not fully understood economic issue. This study provides evidence of an adverse effect of exposure on the productivity of Mexican judicial workers. The empirical strategy approximates productivity with the length of the hearing and infers causality through instrumental variable panel models. Results show that nitrogen dioxides ...

In: The Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-09-01] | Luis Sarmiento
SOEPpapers 1143 / 2021

Causality in the Link between Income and Satisfaction: IV Estimation with Internal Instruments

Usually, it is expected that income increases life satisfaction. In recent years tough, research emerged that shows how subjective well-being, including satisfaction, influences objective measures, as for example income. This would then require explicit identification strategies for estimating effects of income on life satisfaction. I address this issue using German SOEP data and Lewbel’s (2012) method, ...

2021| Susanne Elsas
Diskussionspapiere 1972 / 2021

The Hidden Homeownership Welfare State: An International Long-Term Perspective on the Tax Treatment of Homeowners

Welfare is traditionally understood through social security decommodifying labor markets or social investment policies. In the domain of housing, however, welfare for homeowners is largely hidden in the tax codes’ fiscal exemptions. Based on a content analysis of legislation, this paper introduces a novel yearly database of 37 countries between 1910 and 2020 to uncover the “hidden welfare state” of ...

2021| Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Sebastian Kohl, Artem Korzhenevych, Linus Pfeiffer
Data Documentation 101 / 2021

DySiMo Dokumentation: Version 1.0

2021| Johannes Geyer, Salmai Qari, Hermann Buslei, Peter Haan
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The Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Norms: Why and How Adolescent Males with Working Mothers Matter for Female Labour Market Outcomes

Social norms are put forward as a prominent explanation for the changing labour supply decisions of women. This paper studies the intergenerational transmission of these norms, examining how they affect subsequent female labour supply decisions, taking into account not only the early socialization of women but also that of their partner. Using large representative panel data sets from West Germany, ...

In: Socio-Economic Review (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-07-01] | Sophia Schmitz, C Katharina Spiess
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Bekanntheit und Nutzung von digitalen Gesundheitsangeboten in Deutschland: eine bevölkerungsrepräsentative Querschnittsuntersuchung

Ziel der Studie Angesichts aktueller gesundheitspolitischer Bestrebungen zur eHealth-Implementierung stellt sich die Frage, welche Bevölkerungsgruppen Online-Gesundheitsangebote in Anspruch nehmen, um diese gezielter auf Nutzerbedürfnisse abstimmen zu können. Die Studie untersucht, ob Unterschiede in der Nutzung von Gesundheitsinformationen und psychologischer Online-Beratung auf Basis soziodemografischer ...

In: Das Gesundheitswesen (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-04-16] | Bernhard Breil, Melina Dederichs, Lisanne Kremer, David Richter, Peter Angerer, Jennifer Apolinário-Hagen
1932 Ergebnisse, ab 11