Thema Arbeit und Beschäftigung

clear
530 Ergebnisse, ab 491
Diskussionspapiere 415 / 2004

The Impact of Children on Female Earnings in Britain

This paper examines the impact of children on female wages in the UK using the National Child Development Study. Empirically this involves using an extension of the Roy model, which simultaneously corrects for the endogeneity of labour force participation and fertility. The wage differential between women without children and women with children is estimated to range between 19% and 22% not accounting ...

2004| Tarja K. Viitanen
Diskussionspapiere 417 / 2004

Are There Any Class Size Effects on Early Career Earnings in West Germany?

The paper analyses the effect of class size, which stands proxy for school quality, on early career earnings. Using confidential district level information from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), it is demonstrated that class size has no discernible effect on early career earnings. This finding is robust to changes in specification and the choice of sub-samples. The economic literature focused ...

2004| Hans J. Baumgartner
Diskussionspapiere 421 / 2004

Household Taxation, Income Splitting and Labor Supply Incentives: A Microsimulation Study for Germany

We analyze potential labor supply effects of a shift from the current German system of taxation of married couples to a system of limited real income splitting on the basis of econometric household labor supply model embedded in a tax-benefit model. Our simulation results show relatively small labor supply effects of a shift from the current system to one limited real income splitting system. In the ...

2004| Viktor Steiner, Katharina Wrohlich
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Household Taxation, Income Splitting and Labor Supply Incentives: A Microsimulation Study for Germany

We analyze potential labor supply effects of a shift from the current German system of joint taxation of married couples to a system of limited real income splitting on the basis of an econometric household labor supply model embedded in a tax benefit model. Our simulation results show relatively small labor supply effects of a shift from the current system to one of limited real income splitting system. ...

In: CESifo Economic Studies 50 (2004), 3, S. 541-568 | Viktor Steiner, Katharina Wrohlich
Weitere Aufsätze

Social Welfare Reform and the Low-Wage Labor Market in Germany: What Works and What Doesn't?

In: Thomas Straubhaar, Rainer Winkelmann (Eds.) , The European Reform Logjam and the Economics of Reform
Berlin : Duncker & Humblot
S. 57-78
Applied Economics Quarterly Supplement ; 55
| Viktor Steiner
Diskussionspapiere 438 / 2004

Work Incentives and Labor Supply Effects of the 'Mini-Jobs Reform' in Germany

We analyze the work incentives and labor supply effects of the so-called mini-jobs reform (subsidies of social security contributions to people with low-earnings jobs) introduced in Germany in April 2003. The analysis is based on a structural labor supply model embedded in a detailed tax-benefit microsimulation model for which we use the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). Our simulation results show ...

2004| Viktor Steiner, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 394 / 2004

Discrete Choice Labor Supply: Conditional Logit vs. Random Coefficient Models

Estimating labor supply functions using a discrete rather than a continuous specification has become increasingly popular in recent years. On basis of the German Socioeconomic Panel (GSOEP) I test which specification of discrete choice is the appropriate model for estimating labor supply: the standard conditional logit model or the random coefficient model. To the extent that effect heterogeneity is ...

2004| Peter Haan
DIW Wochenbericht 25 / 2003

Senkung der Arbeitslosenunterstützung: weniger Arbeitslosigkeit, mehr Effizienz

Für die anhaltend hohe Arbeitslosigkeit und die im internationalen Vergleich hohe Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit in Deutschland wird von Wissenschaft und Politik unter anderem auch die Arbeitslosenversicherung verantwortlich gemacht. Insbesondere ältere Arbeitslose haben hierzulande eine sehr lange Anspruchsdauer auf Arbeitslosengeld; die Arbeitslosenhilfe wird im Prinzip unbefristet gewährt. Mit der Agenda ...

2003| Viktor Steiner
DIW Wochenbericht 15 / 2003

Modellrechnungen zum Lehrerbedarf an allgemein bildenden Schulen bis 2020: Ergebnisse einer Neuberechnung

Die Personallage an allgemein bildenden Schulen in Deutschland ist nach aktuellen Berechnungen des DIW Berlin angespannt, obwohl zuletzt auch verstärkt Lehrkräfte eingestellt wurden. Die Zahl der Schüler allgemein bildender Schulen wird in Deutschland demographisch bedingt zwar mittelfristig sinken - nur in den neuen Bundesländern steigt sie in der zweiten Hälfte des Zeitraums der Projektion wieder ...

2003| Wolfgang Jeschek
530 Ergebnisse, ab 491