DIW Berlin: Thema Umweltmärkte

Thema Umweltmärkte

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DIW Weekly Report 8/9 / 2020

Nitrate Pollution of Groundwater Long Exceeding Trigger Value; Fertilization Practices Require More Transparency and Oversight

For many years now, nitrate concentrations have exceeded the trigger value of 50 milligrams per liter at nearly one-fifth of the groundwater sampling sites in Germany. Apart from impairing the ecosystem by, for example, causing eutrophication of water bodies, nitrate-polluted drinking water also damages human health; it is suspected to cause cancer. Econometric calculations using current data

2020| Greta Sundermann, Nicole Wägner, Astrid Cullmann, Christian von Hirschhausen, Claudia Kemfert
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Energy Transition Pathways to a Low-carbon Europe in 2050: the Degree of Cooperation and the Level of Decentralization

In the framework of the Paris Agreement, the European Union (EU) will have to firmly set decarbonization targets to 2050. However, the viability on these targets is an ongoing discussion. The European Commission has made several propositions for energy and climate “roadmaps”. In this regard, this paper contributes by analyzing alternative pathways derived in a unique modelling process. As part of

In: Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy 9 (2020), 1, S. 121-135 | Pedro Crespo Del Granado, Gustav Resch, Franziska Holz, Marijke Welisch, Jasper Geipel, Michael Hartner, Sebastian Forthuber, Frank Sensfuss, Luis Olmos, Christiane Bernath, Sara Lumbreras, Lukas Kranzl, Andreas Müller, Stephanie Heitel, Andrea Herbst, Charlie Wilson, Andrés Ramos
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Do Benefits from Dynamic Tariffing Rise? Welfare Effects of Real-Time Retail Pricing Under Carbon Taxation and Variable Renewable Electricity Supply

We analyze the gross welfare gains from real-time retail pricing in electricity markets where carbon taxation induces investment in variable renewable technologies. Applying a stylized numerical electricity market model, we find a U-shaped association between carbon taxation and gross welfare gains. The benefits of introducing real-time pricing can accordingly be relatively low at relatively high

In: Environmental & Resource Economics 75 (2020), S. 183-213 | Christian Gambardella, Michael Pahle, Wolf-Peter Schill
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Lessons from Germany’s Hard Coal Mining Phase-Out: Policies and Transition from 1950 to 2018

German hard coal production ended in 2018, following the termination of subsidies. This paper looks at 60 years of continuous decline of an industry that employed more than 600,000 people, through a case study comparing Germany’s two largest hard coal mining areas (Ruhr area and Saarland). Although predominantly economic drivers underlay the transitions, both provide valuable lessons for upcoming

In: Climate Policy (2020), im Ersch. [online first: 2019-11-28] | Pao-Yu Oei, Hanna Brauers, Philipp Herpich
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Emissions Trading in Regulated Electricity Markets

In: Climate Policy (2020), im Ersch. | William Acworth, Mariza Montes de Oca, Anatole Boute, Carlotta Piantieri, Felix Christian Matthes
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The Structure, Drivers and Policy Implications of the European Carbon Footprint

Policy to reduce the European Union’s (EU) carbon footprint needs to be grounded in an understanding of the structure and drivers of both the domestic and internationally traded components. Here we analyse consumption-based emission accounts (for the main greenhouse gases (GHGs)) for the EU, focusing on understanding sectoral contributions and what changes have been observed over the last two

In: Climate Policy (2020), im Ersch. [online first: 2019-07-20] | Richard Wood, Karsten Neuhoff, Dan Moran, Moana Simas, Michael Grubb, Konstantin Stadler
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The Impact of Implementing a Consumption Charge on Carbon-Intensive Materials in Europe

The production of basic materials accounts for around 25% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Existing measures to reduce emissions from industry are limited due to a combination of competitiveness concerns and a lack of technological options available to producers. In this paper, we assess the possibility of implementing a materials charge to reduce demand for basic industrial products and, hence

In: Climate Policy (2020), im Ersch. [online first: 2019-06-19] | Hector Pollitt, Karsten Neuhoff, Xinru Lin
Blog Marcel Fratzscher

Klimaschutz ist kluge Wirtschaftspolitik

Klimaschutz ist kluge Wirtschaftspolitik Häufig wird behauptet, Klimaschutz koste Wirtschaftswachstum, da Jobs verloren gehen und Unternehmensgewinne sinken. Aber diese Kritik ist nicht gerechtfertigt. Kolumne Dieser Beitrag ist am 22. November 2019 der ZEIT ONLINE–Kolumne Fratzschers Verteilungsfragen erschienen. Hier finden Sie alle Beiträge von Marcel Fratzscher.

25.11.2019| Marcel Fratzscher
Dossiers

Dossier CO2-Bepreisung

Die Klimaschutzdebatte konzentriert sich derzeit darauf, wie der Ausstoß von Treibhausgasen politisch und ökonomisch am effektivsten gesenkt werden kann. Immer mehr in den Fokus rückt dabei eine verstärkte Bepreisung von Kohlendioxid (CO2), vor allem im Verkehrs- und Gebäudesektor. Für die CO2-Bepreisung sind mehrere Wege denkbar: die Ausdehnung des EU

16.03.2020
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