Thema Umweltmärkte

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849 Ergebnisse, ab 11
Pressemitteilung

Grundwasserbelastung mit Nitrat wird in fast einem Fünftel der deutschen Messstellen überschritten

Belastung in Regionen mit vorwiegend agrarwirtschaftlicher Nutzung höher als in anderen Gebieten – Grundpreise für Trinkwasser höher in Regionen mit Grenzwertüberschreitung ­– Genauere Erhebung, zentrale Erfassung und stringente Kontrolle des Düngemitteleinsatzes erforderlich Deutschlands Grundwasser weist europaweit eine der höchsten Belastungen mit Nitrat ...

26.02.2020
Forschungsprojekt

Optionen zur Auszahlung einer Pro-Kopf-Klimaprämie für einen sozialverträglichen CO2-Preis

Im Projekt werden die Ausgestaltungsoptionen für eine Einführung einer Klimaprämie in Deutschland untersucht. Hintergrund ist die mit dem Klimaschutzprogramm 2030 der Bundesregierung beschlossene Einführung eines nationalen Emissionshandels für die Sektoren Wärme und Verkehr. Eine CO2-Bepreisung in diesen Sektoren bedeutet sozialpolitische Herausforderungen, da die CO...

Abgeschlossenes Projekt| Klimapolitik
Forschungsprojekt

Options for a per-capita rebate of revenues from CO2 pricing

The project looks at different options of a per-capita rebate of revenues from CO2 pricing in Germany. The German government has decided to introduce a national emissions trading system for the heat and transport sectors in its Climate Action Programme 2030. Such a CO2 pricing implies distributional challenges, since lower-income and middle-income households are more exposed to CO2 prices relative...

Abgeschlossenes Projekt| Klimapolitik
Diskussionspapiere 1885 / 2020

Substituting Clean for Dirty Energy: A Bottom-Up Analysis

We fit CES and VES production functions to data from a numerical bottom-up optimization model of electricity supply with clean and dirty inputs. This approach allows for studying high shares of clean energy not observable today and for isolating mechanisms that impact the elasticity of substitution between clean and dirty energy. Central results show that (i) dirty inputs are not essential for production. ...

2020| Fabian Stöckl, Alexander Zerrahn
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Coal Phase-out in Germany: Implications and Policies for Affected Regions

The present study examines the consequences of the planned coal phase-out in Germany according tovarious phase-out pathways that differ in the ordering of power plant closures. Soft-linking an energysystem model with an input-output model and a regional macroeconomic model simulates the socio-economic effects of the phase-out in the lignite regions, as well as in the rest of Germany. The combi-nation ...

In: Energy 196 (2020), 117004, 19 S. | Pao-Yu Oei, Hauke Hermann, Philipp Herpich, Oliver Holtemöller, Benjamin Lünenbürger, Christoph Schult
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Scenarios for Coal-Exit in Germany—A Model-Based Analysis and Implications in the European Context

The political discussion to reduce the carbon footprint of Germany’s electricity sector,focusing on coal, is intensifying. In this paper, we develop scenarios for phasing out lignite and hardcoal power plants in Germany prior to the end of their technical lifespan (“coal-exit”). Our analysisbases upon two coal-exit instruments, the retirement of coal generation capacities and the limitingof how much ...

In: Energies 13 (2020), 8, Art. 2041, 19 S. | Martin Kittel, Leonard Goeke, Claudia Kemfert, Pao-Yu Oei, Christian von Hirschhausen
Diskussionspapiere 1878 / 2020

Waiting for My Sentence: Air Pollution and the Productivity of Court Rulings

I assert that air pollution from nitrogen oxides affects the productivity of employees in Mexican court hearings. This is the first article analyzing this connection and the first to disentangle work-breaks from the productivity of white-collar workers. I merge hourly pollution with granular hearing data under the assumption that the length of the hearing approximates productivity and identify causality ...

2020| Luis Sarmiento
DIW Weekly Report 26/27 / 2020

EU ETS Cap Must and Can Be Reduced More Quickly

Currently, the European Commission intends to increase the EU’s 2030 climate target. Instead of a 40 percent target, greenhouse gas emissions would be reduced by 50 to 55 percent compared to 1990 levels; the European Parliament is even considering a 65-percent reduction. The European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) sectors should make an appropriate contribution to this reduction. However, decisive ...

2020| Aleksandar Zaklan, Vicki Duscha, Claudia Gibis, Jakob Wachsmuth, Jan Weiß, Claudia Kemfert
Diskussionspapiere 1879 / 2020

I Am Innocent: Hourly Variations in Air Pollution and Crime Behavior

I posit that hourly changes in air pollution affect criminality through two distinct pathways, via physiological effects on the criminal and by changes in the tightness of the market for criminal activities. To disentangle individual from market effects, I develop a behavioral model of the individual decision to transgress and a model of search-and-matching frictions between criminals and crime opportunities. ...

2020| Luis Sarmiento
849 Ergebnisse, ab 11