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Thema Ungleichheit

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147 Ergebnisse, ab 101
  • DIW Wochenbericht 42 / 2018

    Bei der Integration von Geflüchteten sind viele Bausteine relevant: Editorial

    2018| Antonia Grohmann, Peter Haan, C. Katharina Spieß
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    ‘Universal’ Early Education: Who Benefits? Patterns in Take‐up of the Entitlement to Free Early Education among Three‐Year‐Olds in England

    For over a decade, all three‐year‐olds in England have been entitled to a free part‐time early education place. One aim of this policy is to close developmental gaps between higher‐income and low‐income children. However, the success of the initiative depends on children accessing the places. Using the National Pupil Database, we examine all autumn‐born four‐year‐olds attending in January 2011, and ...

    In: British Educational Research Journal 44 (2018), 3, S. 515-538 | Tammy Campbell, Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Parental Socio-Economic Status and Childcare Quality: Early Inequalities in Educational Opportunity?

    This study examines whether children from potentially disadvantaged families attend early childhood education and care (ECEC) centers of lower quality compared to more advantaged children in the universal and strongly state-subsidized ECEC system in Germany. We combine the representative German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) with the 2014 K2ID- SOEP extension study on ECEC quality. We run linear and logistic ...

    In: Early Childhood Research Quarterly 44 (2018), S. 304-317 | Juliane F. Stahl, Pia S. Schober, C. Katharina Spieß
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Convergence or Divergence? Educational Discrepancies in Work-Care Arrangements of Mothers with Young Children in Germany

    This study examines how educational differences in work-care patterns among mothers with young children in Germany changed between 1997 and 2013. Since the mid-2000s, Germany has undergone a paradigm shift in parental leave and childcare policies. Our comparative analysis of East and West Germany provides new evidence on whether the long-standing gender regime differences interact with recent developments ...

    In: Work, Employment and Society 32 (2018), 4, S. 629-649 | Pia S. Schober, Juliane F. Stahl
  • Externe referierte Aufsätze

    Educational Inequality and Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America: A New Database

    The causes and consequences of the intergenerational persistence of inequality are a topic of great interest among various fields in economics. However, until now, issues of data availability have restricted a broader and cross-national perspective on the topic. Based on rich sets of harmonized household survey data, we contribute to filling this gap by computing time series for several indexes of ...

    In: Journal of Development Economics 134 (2018), S. 329-349 | Guido Neidhöfer, Joaquín Serrano, Leonardo Gasparini
  • Diskussionspapiere 1742 / 2018

    The Gender Gap in Wage Expectations: Do Young Women Trade off Higher Wages for Lower Wage Risk?

    Several studies show that young women start with lower wage expectations than men, even before entering the labor market and that this partly translates into the actual gender wage gap through effects on educational choice and the formation of reservation wages. Building on the theoretical reasoning of compensating differentials proposing that the labor market compensates higher wage risk with higher ...

    2018| Vaishali Zambre
  • DIW Wochenbericht 23 / 2018

    GymnasiastInnen aus Elternhäusern mit niedrigem Bildungsniveau verlieren im Laufe der Schulzeit deutlich an Boden

    Kinder, die auf ein Gymnasium gehen und Eltern mit einem niedrigen Bildungsniveau haben, fallen im Laufe ihrer Schulzeit leistungsmäßig immer weiter zurück. Das gilt insbesondere dann, wenn sie in der fünften Klasse in den Fächern Mathematik und Deutsch noch EinserschülerInnen waren. Diese Studie, die auf Basis des Nationalen Bildungspanels (NEPS) als eine der ersten den Schulerfolg von Kindern während ...

    2018| Sophie Horneber, Felix Weinhardt
  • DIW Wochenbericht 23 / 2018

    GymnasiastInnen aus Elternhäusern mit niedrigem Bildungshintergrund sollten gezielter gefördert werden: Interview mit Felix Weinhardt

  • DIW Weekly Report 19 / 2018

    Mandatory Day Care for Preschool Children Would Not Be an Effective Solution in Targeting Particular Children

    In Germany, around 94 percent of children between the ages of three and six attend a day care center. Regarding the remaining six percent, many experts have speculated that children, primarily those from socio-economically disadvantaged households, do not use day care. Based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the Families in Germany survey (FiD), the present study is one of the first ...

    2018| Sophia Schmitz, C. Katharina Spieß
  • DIW Wochenbericht 19 / 2018

    Kita-Pflicht für Kinder ab drei Jahren wäre wenig zielgenau

    Die allermeisten Kinder im Alter von drei bis sechs Jahren – 94 Prozent – gehen in eine Kindertageseinrichtung (Kita). Mit Blick auf die übrigen sechs Prozent vermuteten viele ExpertInnen und BeobachterInnen, dass es sich vor allem um Kinder aus sozioökonomisch benachteiligten Haushalten handelt. Die vorliegende Studie, die auf Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) und der Zusatzstichprobe Familien ...

    2018| Sophia Schmitz, C. Katharina Spieß
147 Ergebnisse, ab 101