DIW Berlin: Thema Ungleichheit

Thema Ungleichheit

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84 Ergebnisse, ab 31
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Birth Cohort Size Variation and the Estimation of Class Size Effects

We present evidence that the practice of holding back poorly performing students affects estimates of the impact of class size on student outcomes based on within-school variation of cohort size over time. This type of variation is commonly used to identify class size effects. We build a theoretical model in which cohort size is subject to random shocks and students whose performance falls

31.10.2018| Maximilian Bach
Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Low-Income Household Finances

This paper investigates the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, "Obamacare") on out-of-pocket medical expenditures and access to health care for households across the income distribution. Using a DDD identification strategy and simulated eligibility instruments, I parameterize three of the central policy provisions of the ACA: Medicaid expansion, insurance exchange

17.10.2018| Cortnie Anne Shupe
Kommentar

Bildung darf nicht vom Geldbeutel abhängen: Stimmt, aber das erfordert keine gebührenfreien Kitas! Kommentar von C. Katharina Spieß

Mit dem Argument, dass die Bildung eines Kindes nicht vom Geldbeutel der Eltern abhängen dürfe, hat nun auch Niedersachsen die Kita für Kinder im Kindergartenalter, also ab drei Jahren, gebührenfrei gemacht. So sehr das Argument seine Berechtigung hat: Ist das der richtige Schritt? [...]

29.08.2018| C. Katharina Spieß
Pressemitteilung

Kita-Pflicht für Kinder ab drei Jahren wäre wenig zielgenau

Wer sind die sechs Prozent der Kinder im Alter von drei bis sechs Jahren, die keine Kita besuchen? DIW-Studie zeigt, dass Nicht-Kita-Kinder beispielsweise häufiger einen Migrationshintergrund haben, das trifft aber längst nicht auf alle zu – Kita-Pflicht hätte vermutlich nur einen äußerst geringen Nutzen – Besser wäre eine gezieltere Förderung,

09.05.2018
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Parental Background Matters: Intergenerational Mobility and Assimilation of Italian Immigrants in Germany

We investigate the hypothesis of failed integration and low social mobility of immigrants. An intergenerational assimilation model is tested empirically on household survey data and validated against registry data provided by the Italian Embassy in Germany. Although we confirm substantial disparities between educational achievements of immigrants and natives, we find that the children of Italian

In: German Economic Review 19 (2018), 1, S. 1-31 | Timm Bönke, Guido Neidhöfer
Diskussionspapiere 1770 / 2018

Informing Students about College: An Efficient Way to Decrease the Socio-Economic Gap in Enrollment: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment

Although the proportion of students enrolled in college increased in the last decades, students from non-college family backgrounds remain underrepresented in higher education around the world. This study sheds light on whether the provision of information in a randomized controlled trial with more than 1,000 German high school students results in higher college enrollment rates. One year prior to

2018| Frauke H. Peter, C. Katharina Spieß, Vaishali Zambre
DIW Wochenbericht 42 / 2018

Bei der Integration von Geflüchteten sind viele Bausteine relevant: Editorial

2018| Antonia Grohmann, Peter Haan, C. Katharina Spieß
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Parental Socio-Economic Status and Childcare Quality: Early Inequalities in Educational Opportunity?

This study examines whether children from potentially disadvantaged families attend early childhood education and care (ECEC) centers of lower quality compared to more advantaged children in the universal and strongly state-subsidized ECEC system in Germany. We combine the representative German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) with the 2014 K2ID- SOEP extension study on ECEC quality. We run linear and

In: Early Childhood Research Quarterly 44 (2018), S. 304-317 | Juliane F. Stahl, Pia S. Schober, C. Katharina Spieß
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Convergence or Divergence? Educational Discrepancies in Work-Care Arrangements of Mothers with Young Children in Germany

This study examines how educational differences in work-care patterns among mothers with young children in Germany changed between 1997 and 2013. Since the mid-2000s, Germany has undergone a paradigm shift in parental leave and childcare policies. Our comparative analysis of East and West Germany provides new evidence on whether the long-standing gender regime differences interact with recent

In: Work, Employment and Society 32 (2018), 4, S. 629-649 | Pia S. Schober, Juliane F. Stahl
84 Ergebnisse, ab 31