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Gene Discovery and Polygenic Prediction from a Genome-Wide Association Study of Educational Attainment in 1.1 Million Individuals

Here we conducted a large-scale genetic association analysis of educational attainment in a sample of approximately 1.1<U+2009>million individuals and identify 1,271<U+2009>independent genome-wide-significant SNPs. For the SNPs taken together, we found evidence of heterogeneous effects across environments. The SNPs implicate genes involved in brain-development processes and neuron-to-neuron ...

In: Nature Genetics 50 (2018), S. 1112-1121
pub_soep_nutz: SOEP staff publication without SOEP data
| James J. Lee, Robbee Wedow, Martin Kroh

Longitudinal Associations of Narcissism with Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, and Institutional Outcomes: An Investigation Using a Representative Sample of the German Population

Most studies have treated grandiose narcissism as a unidimensional construct and investigated its associations in cross-sectional convenience samples. The present research systematically addresses these limitations by investigating the associations of agentic and antagonistic aspects of narcissism in the interpersonal, intrapersonal, and institutional domains, cross-sectionally and longitudinally in ...

In: Collabra: Psychology 5 (2019), 1, Art. 26, 15 S.
pub_soep_nutz: analysis of SOEP based data
| Marius Leckelt, David Richter, Eunike Wetzel, Mitja D. Back

Soziale Unterschiede in der Mortalität und Lebenserwartung in Deutschland. Aktuelle Situation und Trends

Soziale Unterschiede in der Mortalität und Lebenserwartung sind ein deutlicher Ausdruck bestehender sozialer und gesundheitlicher Ungleichheit in der Bevölkerung. Nach Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) der Jahre 1992 bis 2016 sterben 13 % der Frauen und 27 % der Männer aus der niedrigsten Einkommensgruppe bereits vor Vollendung des 65. Lebensjahres, während dies in der höchsten Einkommensgruppe ...

In: Journal of Health Monitoring 4 (2019), 1, 3-15 | Thomas Lampert, Jens Hoebel, Lars Eric Kroll

Inclusion of time-varying covariates in cure survival models with an application in fertility studies

Summary Cure survival models are used when we desire to acknowledge explicitly that an unknown proportion of the population studied will never experience the event of interest. An extension of the promotion time cure model enabling the inclusion of time-varying covariates as regressors when modelling (simultaneously) the probability and the timing of the monitored event is presented. Our proposal enables ...

In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society) 183 (2020), 1, 333-354 | Philippe Lambert, Vincent Bremhorst

Who Is Bowling Alone? Quantile Treatment Effects of Unemployment on Social Participation

This article examines heterogeneity in the effect of unemployment on social participation. Whereas existing studies on this relationship essentially estimate mean effects, we use quantile regression methods to provide a broader and more complete picture. To account for the potential endogeneity of job loss, we estimate quantile treatment effects (on the treated) based on entropy balancing and focus ...

pub_soep_nutz: analysis of SOEP based data
| Lars Kunze, Nicolai Suppa

Interpersonal Perceptions and Interviewer Effects in Face-to-Face Surveys

Survey interviewers can negatively affect survey data by introducing variance and bias into estimates. When investigating these interviewer effects, research typically focuses on interviewer sociodemographics with only a few studies examining the effects of characteristics that are not directly visible such as interviewer attitudes, opinions, and personality. For the study at hand, self-reports of ...

In: Sociological Methods & Research (online first) (2020), 0, | Simon Kühne

Comparing Observed and Unobserved Components of Childhood: Evidence From Finnish Register Data on Midlife Mortality From Siblings and Their Parents

In this study, we argue that the long arm of childhood that determines adult mortality should be thought of as comprising an observed part and its unobserved counterpart, reflecting the observed socioeconomic position of individuals and their parents and unobserved factors shared within a family. Our estimates of the observed and unobserved parts of the long arm of childhood are based on family-level ...

In: Demography 55 (2018), 1, S. 295-318
pub_soep_nutz: SOEP staff publication without SOEP data
| Hannes Kröger, Rasmus Hoffmann, Lasse Tarkiainen, Pekka Martikainen

Big-Five personality and political orientation: Results from four panel studies with representative German samples

The aim of this brief report was to replicate the meta-analytic findings concerning the relationship between Big-Five personality and political orientation reported in Sibley, Osborne, and Duckitt (2012) in a sample of N<U+202F>=<U+202F>29,015 participants from four panels involving representative German samples. We replicated the expected significant correlations for Openness to Experience ...

In: Journal of Research in Personality 80 (2019), June 2019, 78-83 | Florian Krieger, Nicolas Becker, Samuel Greiff, Frank M. Spinath

Together or apart? Spousal migration and reunification practices of recent refugees to Germany

This study examines migration and reunification processes among recent male and female refugees from Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria in Germany. Specifically, we analyse different types of spousal migration practices (joint arrival versus arriving alone) and the probability of reunification with the left-behind partner after one year of geographic separation, and to what extent this is shaped by socio-economic ...

In: Zeitschrift für Familienforschung -Journal of Family Research 31 (2019), 3, 303-332 | Elisabeth K. Kraus, Leonore Sauer, Laura Wenzel

Vocational Education and Employment: Explaining Cohort Variations in Life Course Patterns

A stylized finding on returns to vocational education is that vocational compared to general education generates a differential life course pattern of employability: while vocational education guarantees smooth transitions into the labour market and thus generates initial advantages, these erode with increasing age, leading to late-life reversals in employment chances. We contribute to this research ...

In: Social Inclusion 7 (2019), 3, 224-253 | Fabian Kratz, Alexander Patzina, Corinna Kleinert, Hans Dietrich
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