Can We Compare Conceptions of Democracy in Cross‑Linguistic and Cross‑National Research? Evidence from a Random Sample of Refugees in Germany

Aufsätze referiert extern - Web of Science

Jannes Jacobsen, Lukas Marian Fuchs

In: Social Indicators Research (2020), im Ersch. [online first: 2020-06-05]


This study addresses the heated academic and public debate on the compatibility and com-parability of refugees’ and host societies’ democratic values. Comparative values research has long capitalized on global similarities and differences in support for Western demo-cratic values. We argue that such cross-cultural comparisons of culturally diverse groups are challenged by (1) different conceptions of democracy determined by different experi-ences with democratic systems and (2) bias introduced by linguistic differences and trans-lation processes. In order to analyze whether the conception of democracy is comparable between different nationalities and languages, we test data from the German IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees and the world values survey (WVS) for measurement invariance using multi-group confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA). Applying strict and conserva-tive criteria for measurement invariance and fit indices, our results suggest that the applied democracy scales are problematic for comparing conceptions of democracy between refu-gees and Germans and across languages. However if more lenient criteria regarding partial invariance and fit indices are considered acceptable, mean comparisons could be carried out between language groups and between groups of refugees.

Jannes Jacobsen

Research Associate in the German Socio-Economic Panel study Department

Keywords: Democracy, Measurement invariance, Migration, Refugee, Integration, Values