The Well-Being Benefits of Person-Culture Match Are Contingent on Basic Personality Traits

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Jochen E. Gebauer, Jennifer Eck, Theresa Entringer, Wiebke Bleidorn, Peter J. Rentfrow, Jeff Potter, Samuel D. Gosling

In: Psychological Science 31 (2020), 10, S. 1283-1293


People enjoy well-being benefits if their personal characteristics match those of their culture. This person-culture match effect is integral to many psychological theories and—as a driver of migration—carries much societal relevance. But do people differ in the degree to which person-culture match confers well-being benefits? In the first-ever empirical test of that question, we examined whether the person-culture match effect is moderated by basic personality traits—the Big Two and Big Five. We relied on self-reports from 2,672,820 people across 102 countries and informant reports from 850,877 people across 61 countries. Communion, agreeableness, and neuroticism exacerbated the person-culture match effect, whereas agency, openness, extraversion, and conscientiousness diminished it. People who possessed low levels of communion coupled with high levels of agency evidenced no well-being benefits from person-culture match, and people who possessed low levels of agreeableness and neuroticism coupled with high levels of openness, extraversion, and conscientiousness even evidenced well-being costs. Those results have implications for theories building on the person-culture match effect, illuminate the mechanisms driving that effect, and help explain failures to replicate it.

Theresa Entringer

Research Associate in the German Socio-Economic Panel study Department

Keywords: Person-culture match, culture, basic personality traits, Big Two, Big Five, open data, open materials
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