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The Impact of Migration on Wages in Costa Rica

Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

Adriana R. Cardozo Silva, Luis R. Díaz Pavez, Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso

In: Migration Studies 11 (2023), 1, S. 23–51


In recent years, Costa Rica has experienced greater international migration from neighboring countries due to political, economic, and social reasons, raising discussions on the impact of migration on wages of native Costa Rican workers. This article is the first that disentangles the impact of migration on wages for native Costa Ricans from the impact for settled immigrants by analyzing the effect within groups of education, experience, and regions and controlling for unobserved heterogeneity. We find that on average, there is a significant negative effect of recent immigration on the wages of established immigrants, but no significant effect on the wages of natives over the period from 2012 to 2019. The outcomes hold when using different units of analysis and identification strategies.

Adriana Cardozo Silva

Research Associate in the German Socio-Economic Panel study Department

Keywords: Immigration, wages, labor markets, Costa Rica