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Have the Effects of Shocks to Oil Price Expectations Changed? Evidence from Heteroskedastic Proxy Vector Autoregressions

Discussion Papers 2036, 21 S.

Martin Bruns, Helmut Lütkepohl


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Published in: Economics Letters 233 (2023), 111416, 5 S.


Studies of the crude oil market based on structural vector autoregressive (VAR) models typically assume a time-invariant model and transmission of shocks or they consider a time-varying model and shock transmission. We assume a heteroskedastic reduced-form VAR model with time-invariant slope coefficients and test for time-varying impulse responses in a model for the global crude oil market that includes key macroeconomic variables. We find evidence for changes in the transmission of shocks to oil price expectations during the last decades which can be attributed to heteroskedasticity.

JEL-Classification: C32
Keywords: Structural vector autoregression, heteroskedastic VAR, proxy VAR, crude oil market
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