Direkt zum Inhalt

Causal Misperceptions of the Part-time Pay Gap

Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

Terese Backhaus, Clara Schäper, Annekatrin Schrenker

In: Labour Economics 83 (2023), 102396, 13 S.


In this paper, we analyze if an increase in the working life leads to more human capital investment via on-the-job training. We obtain RDD-estimates from a sharp date-of-birth cut-off, generated by a pension reform that increased the Early Retirement Age (ERA) by three years for many women in Germany. In our preferred specification, we find that this reform causally increased on-the-job training by 4.4 percentage points – a relative increase of 28.8 percent. We explore heterogeneity and additional outcomes and show that this effect is driven by the behavior of women with high initial levels of education. Our results speak to human capital models as well as policies towards extending or shortening working life.

Clara Schäper

Research Associate in the Gender Economics Department