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Mass Vaccination and Educational Attainment: Evidence from the 1967–68 Measles Eradication Campaign

Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science

Philipp Barteska, Sonja Dobkowitz, Maarit Olkkola, Michael Rieser

In: Journal of Health Economics 92 (2023), 102828, 21 S.


We show that the first nationwide mass vaccination campaign against measles increased educational attainment in the United States. Our empirical strategy exploits variation in exposure to the childhood disease across states right before the Measles Eradication Campaign of 1967–68, which reduced reported measles incidence by 90 percent within two years. Our results suggest that mass vaccination against measles increased the years of education on average by about 0.1 years in the affected cohorts. We also find tentative evidence that the college graduation rate of men increased.

Sonja Dobkowitz

Research Associate in the Macroeconomics Department

Topics: Health, Gender, Education

Keywords: Infectious disease, immunization campaign, educational attainment, vaccination, public health, United States