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The Long-Term Effects of Measles Vaccination on Earnings and Employment: A Replication Study of Atwood (American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2022)

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Mara Barschkett, Mathias Huebener, Andreas Leibing, Jan Marcus, Shushanik Margaryan

In: Journal of Comments and Replications in Economics 2 (2023), 4, S. 1-15


Atwood analyzes the effects of the 1963 U.S. measles vaccination on long-run labor market out-comes, using a generalized difference-in-differences approach. We reproduce the results of this paper and perform a battery of robustness checks. Overall, we confirm that the measles vaccination had positive labor market effects. While the negative effect on the likelihood of living in povertyand the positive effect on the probability of being employed are very robust across the different specifications, the headline estimate—the effect on earnings—is more sensitive to the exclusion of certain regions and survey years.

Andreas Leibing

Ph.D. Student in the Public Economics Department

JEL-Classification: I18;I12;J22;J24;J31
Keywords: Measles Vaccine, Health, Labor Market Outcomes, Robustness, Replication

Data Availability: The Stata code to reproduce the results of this replication can be downloaded at JCRE’s data archive