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The Energy Transition in France: Expansion of Renewables Stalling, Good Progress on Heat Pumps

DIW Weekly Report 4/5 / 2024, S. 31-41

Adeline Guéret, Wolf-Peter Schill

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Abstract

The energy transition is a major challenge for both Germany and France. This Weekly Report provides an overview of the short- and long-term goals as well as current developments and trends in France’s energy and climate policy. It reveals that France is largely on track with its greenhouse gases targets and is also making good progress on installing heat pumps. However, its expansion of renewable energy capacities is falling short. Differences in the energy policies of France and Germany are most apparent in the power sector: While France is prioritizing nuclear power, Germany is relying heavily on renewable energy. For France to achieve its climate goals, it will have to expand renewable energy faster. One challenge faced by both countries is their planned electrification of mobility and space heating.

Adeline Gueret

Research Associate & PhD student in the Energy, Transportation, Environment Department

Wolf-Peter Schill

Head of the research area „Transformation of the Energy Economy“ in the Energy, Transportation, Environment Department



JEL-Classification: Q40;Q42;Q48
Keywords: France; energy policy; energy transition
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.18723/diw_dwr:2024-4-1

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