Direkt zum Inhalt

Power Sector Effects of Alternative Options for De-fossilizing Heavy-duty Vehicles - Go Electric, and Charge Smartly

Weitere referierte Aufsätze

Carlos Gaete-Morales, Julius Jöhrens, Florian Heining, Wolf-Peter Schill

In: Cell Reports Sustainability [im Ersch.], 100123


Various options are discussed to de-fossilize heavy-duty vehicles, including battery-electric vehicles (BEVs), electric road systems (ERS), and indirect electrification via hydrogen fuel cells or e-fuels. We investigate their power sector implications in future scenarios of Germany, with high renewable energy shares, using an open- source capacity expansion model and route-based truck traffic data. Power sector costs are the lowest for flexibly charged BEVs that also carry out vehicle-to-grid operations and the highest for e-fuels. If BEVs and ERS-BEVs are not optimally charged, power sector costs increase but are still substantially lower than in scenarios with hydrogen or e-fuels. This is because indirect electrification is less energy efficient, which out- weighs potential flexibility benefits. BEVs and ERS-BEVs favor solar photovoltaic energy, while hydrogen and e-fuels favor wind power and increase fossil electricity generation. Results remain qualitatively robust in sensitivity analyses.

Wolf-Peter Schill

Head of the research area „Transformation of the Energy Economy“ in the Energy, Transportation, Environment Department

Keywords: Electric trucks, battery-electric vehicles, catenary, hydrogen, fuel cell electric vehicles, e-fuels, power sector flexibility, power sector modeling

Supplemental Information