Events

The Events of the Department of International Economics.

10 April 2019

DIW Seminar on Macroeconomics and Financial Markets Reforms and the Real Exchange Rate: The Role of Pricing-to-Market

The paper investigates how endogenous markups affect the extent to which policy reforms can inuence international competitiveness. In a two-country model where trade costs allow for international market segmentation, we show that endogenous pricing-to-market behavior of firms acts as an important transmission channel of the policies. By strengthening the degree of competition between rms, product market deregulation at home leads to a reduction in domestic markups, which generally leads to an improvement in the international competitiveness of the Home country. Conversely, the power of competitive tax policy to depreciate the real exchange rate is dampened, as domestic firms take the opportunity of the labor tax cut to increase their markups. The variability of markups also affects the normative implications of the reforms. This indicates the importance of taking into account endogenous pricing-to-market behavior when intending to correctly evaluate the overall effects of the reforms.

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Speaker
  • Celine Poilly, University of Aix-Marseille, France

  • Time
    12:00-13:15
    Location
    Joan Robinson Room DIW Berlin Room 3.3.002a Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 486
    25 to 26 April 2019

    Workshop Finance and Development 2019

    Financial systems have developed rapidly in many developing countries. These changes increase the need for research into their effects. To this end DIW Berlin will host a workshop in the field of “Finance and Development” to be held in Berlin on April 25 in the afternoon and full day April 26, 2019.

    Attendance by invitation!

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    Speaker
  • David McKenzie (World Bank)

  • Location
    Elinor-Ostrom-Saal DIW Berlin Room 1.2.019 Mohrenstr. 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 519
    15 May 2019

    DIW Seminar on Macroeconomics and Financial Markets Ambiguity Attitudes about investments: Evidence from the field

    Using an incentivized survey and a representative sample of investors, we elicit ambiguity attitudes toward a familiar company stock, a local stock index, a foreign stock index, and a crypto currency. We separately estimate ambiguity aversion (ambiguity preferences) and perceived ambiguity levels (perceptions about ambiguity), while controlling for unknown likelihood beliefs. We show that ambiguity aversion is highly correlated across different assets and can be summarized by a single underlying factor. By contrast, individuals’ perceived ambiguity levels differ depending on the type of asset and cannot be summarized by a single underlying factor. Perceived ambiguity is mitigated by financial literacy and education, while the preference component is correlated with risk aversion. Perceived ambiguity proves to be related to actual investment choices, validating our measure. Finally, our results imply that policies enhancing financial literacy and knowledge of financial markets can help stimulate equity market participation and reduce inequality, as these reduce peoples’ perceived levels of ambiguity about financial assets.

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    Speaker
  • Roy Kouwenberg, Mahidol University, Bangkok

  • Time
    12:00-13:15
    Location
    Joan Robinson Room DIW Berlin Room 3.3.002a Mohrenstraße 58 10117 Berlin
    Contact(s)
    at DIW Berlin
    Tel.: +49 30 89789 486