Education and Family Department Events

231 results, from 1
May 28, 2021
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Social Mobility and Economic Development

Speaker: Guido Neidhöfer, ZEW
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 13:15 - 14:30

We explore the role of social mobility as driver of economic development. First, we draw the geography of intergenerational mobility of education for 52 Latin American regions, as well as its evolution over time. Then, through a novel weighting procedure that considers the aggregate participation of cohorts to the economy in every year, we estimate the effect of changes in mobility on economic ...

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May 12, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Intergenerational Effects of Grandparental Care on Children and Parents

Speaker: Elena Ziege
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Grandparents act as the third biggest care giver besides day care and parental care for children below the age of 6 in most OECD countries. Despite its relevance, the effects of child care provided by grandparents on child and parental outcomes have received little attention in the literature. We investigate the potential impact of grandparental care on children's ...

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February 19, 2021
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Health Effects of Prenatal and Infancy Home Visiting Programs by Nurses: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial

Speaker: Gabriella Conti, University College London
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 13:15 - 14:30

Home visiting programmes are increasingly being implemented across the globe to help vulnerable families with young children, however longer-term experimental evidence on their health impacts on both parents and children is scarce. In this paper we study the medium-term health impacts of a randomized control trial to evaluate the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), one of the oldest home visitation ...

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February 17, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Culture, Children and Couple Gender Inequality

Speaker: Jonas Jessen
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

This paper examines how culture determines within-couple gender inequality. Exploiting the setting of Germany's division and reunification, I compare child penalties of couples socialised in a more gender-egalitarian culture to those in a gender-traditional culture. The long-run penalty on the female income share is 30.9% in West German couples, compared to 18.3% in East German ...

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February 3, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Responses to unexpected and permanent changes in pension income

Speaker: Sebastian Becker
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

For the design of pension reform it is crucial to disentangle the employment effects related to the substitution and the income effect. In this paper we provide causal evidence about the importance of the income effect which in general has been assumed to be small or non-existent. We exploit a pension reform in Germany that raised pension benefits related to children. For ...

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January 20, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Gentrification and Rent Control

Speaker: Niklas Gohl
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Since the start of the century, particularly in urban centres, housing markets worldwide have experienced stark price and rent increases. As a consequence urban agglomerations have experienced strong changes in their neighbourhood composition with originally poorer, central areas gentrifying quickly. Governments have reacted by raising the topic of affordable housing on the ...

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January 13, 2021
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Informal care, work and retirement - choices in conflict? A structural model

Speaker: Björn Fischer
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

This paper estimates a structural dynamic discrete choice model on parental care provision, retirement and labor supply. We want to estimate the dynamic consequences of providing informal care or organizing formal care for care dependent parents. While there might be negative long term consequences on wages and retirement benefits, agents might respond to incentives in the long term care ...

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December 2, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Long-Term Effects of Equal Sharing: Evidence from Inheritance Rules for Land

Speaker: Charlotte Bartels
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

What are the long-term economic effects of a more equal distribution of wealth? We exploit variation in historical inheritance rules for land traversing political, linguistic, geological, and religious borders in Germany. In some German areas, inherited land was to be shared or divided equally among children, while in others land was ruled to be indivisible. Using a geographic regression ...

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November 18, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Early retirement of employees in demanding jobs: evidence from a German pension reform

Speaker: Johannes Geyer
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

Workers in demanding jobs may be particularly negatively affected by an increasing statutory retirement age. We exploit a pension reform that raised the early retirement age of women from 60 to 63 years in Germany. Based on a large administrative social security data set we exploit the quasi-natural experiment using a regression-discontinuity approach. We find the same relative employment ...

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October 22, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The Effect of Air Quality Alerts on School Absenteeism - Evidence from New York City

Speaker: Luis Sarmiento
Time: 12:00 - 13:00

This study examines the relationship between air quality alerts and school absenteeism in New York City. Examining the effects of the alerts in school attendance is relevant because it helps us understand parents' avoidance behavior in situations of exacerbated exposure to air contaminants. Causality arises by exploiting the deterministic nature of the alerts with regression discontinuity ...

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October 9, 2020
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

The Gender Gap in Student Performance: The Role of the Testing Environment

Speaker: Almudena Sevilla, University College London
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time:
Note the time change:
13:30 - 14:45

Abstract:   Our research question is to what extent does the familiarity with the testing environment impact the relative performance of boys and girls in standardized testing. We use an RCT-design on the full population of students in Grade 6 and 10 across several subjects in the Region of Madrid (Spain). This standardized test was either "Externally" administered, meaning that teachers ...

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June 16, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

The Effect of Retirement on Health - Evidence from Administrative Data

Speaker: Mara Barschkett
Time: 12:00 - 13:00

We combine unique data that include all practitioner health diagnoses based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) collected from all publicly insured individuals in Germany with a sizable cohort specific pension reform to study the causal effect of an increase in the retirement age on health. For the analysis, we use a cohort specific regression discontinuity design. The ...

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June 12, 2020
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Local News, UGC and Professionals: Evidence from Citizen Journalism

Speaker: Jörg Claussen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time:
13:15 - 14:30

Abstract:  User generated content is increasingly substituting content created by professionals. Local news that is generated by citizen journalists could be a promising way of supporting the struggling newspaper industry by reducing costs for professional journalists. We study a network of 122 local Austrian newspapers operating a hybrid model of citizen and professional journalism. We first ...

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April 24, 2020
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

What do we want? And when do we want it? Alternative objectives and their implications for experimental design.

Speaker: Maximilian Kasy, University of Oxford
Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
Time:
13:15 - 14:30

Summary:  This talk will provide a survey of several papers on the theory and practice of experimental design. I will compare different objectives (estimator precision, outcomes of participants, informing policy choice to maximize average outcomes, and informing policy choice to maximize utilitarian welfare), and their implications for experimental design. I will consider heuristic ...

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March 11, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Decomposition of Gender Pension Gaps Across Europe from a life-course perspective – preliminary drafts from sequence data analysis and Blinder-Oaxaca-Decompositions

Speaker: Carla Rowold, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

My master thesis compares the impact of different life-courses on the Gender Pension Gaps across East and West Germany, Czechia and Italy. Using retrospective data on the dimensions of work and family from SHARELIFE, I contrast two different approaches. The first applies sequence data analysis to identify work-family life course patterns across all four countries as a first step, and includes ...

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February 28, 2020
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Optimal Benefit-Based Corporate Income Tax

Speaker: Simon Naitram, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 13:15 - 14:30

Abstract:   I derive an optimal benefit-based corporate tax rate formula as a function of the public input elasticity of profits and the (net of) tax elasticity of profits. I argue that the existence of the corporate income tax should be justified by the benefit-based view of taxation: firms should pay tax according to the benefits they receive from the use of the public input. I argue that ...

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  • Documents
February 5, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Refugees and the resident populations' mental health

Speaker: Daniel Graeber
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

We estimate the effect of a sudden increase in the inflow of refugees on the native population’s mental health in Germany and Swiss. To identify the effect of the sudden influx of refugees to Germany and Swiss, we exploit the quasi-random allocation of the number of refugees to counties in Germany and Swiss. For Germany, we make use of the Socio-Economic Panel. For Swiss, we use individual ...

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January 22, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

Can training help to keep old men in employment? - first draft of the structural model design.

Speaker: Theresa Backhaus
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

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January 8, 2020
Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

A firm-side perspective on parental leave

Speaker: Mathias Huebener
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 12:30 - 13:30

A large literature documents effects of parental leave on mothers' labour market outcomes, yet we know very little about the effects on their  firms and co-workers. We use unique administrative data that covers the universe of employees subject to social security and firms in Germany to address this question. We first establish some novel stylised facts in parental leave-taking   ...

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December 13, 2019
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

Knowledge Spillover and Individual Careers

Speaker: Thomas Cornelissen, University of York
Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
Room 5.2.010
Mohrenstraße 58
10117 Berlin
Time: 13:15 - 14:30

Abstract: Through social interaction in the workplace, coworkers are likely to learn from each other (knowledge spillover) and this may extend the returns to firm-provided training from trained workers onto untrained coworkers. Based on German matched-employer employee data covering the universe of employees we investigate whether unskilled workers derive long-term career benefits if they were ...

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