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245 results, from 21
  • January 13, 2021

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    Informal care, work and retirement - choices in conflict? A structural model

    Speaker: Björn Fischer
    Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

    This paper estimates a structural dynamic discrete choice model on parental care provision, retirement and labor supply. We want to estimate the dynamic consequences of providing informal care or organizing formal care for care dependent parents. While there might be negative long term consequences on wages and retirement benefits, agents might respond to incentives in the long term care ...

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  • December 2, 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    Long-Term Effects of Equal Sharing: Evidence from Inheritance Rules for Land

    Speaker: Charlotte Bartels
    Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

    What are the long-term economic effects of a more equal distribution of wealth? We exploit variation in historical inheritance rules for land traversing political, linguistic, geological, and religious borders in Germany. In some German areas, inherited land was to be shared or divided equally among children, while in others land was ruled to be indivisible. Using a geographic regression ...

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  • November 18, 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    Early retirement of employees in demanding jobs: evidence from a German pension reform

    Speaker: Johannes Geyer
    Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

    Workers in demanding jobs may be particularly negatively affected by an increasing statutory retirement age. We exploit a pension reform that raised the early retirement age of women from 60 to 63 years in Germany. Based on a large administrative social security data set we exploit the quasi-natural experiment using a regression-discontinuity approach. We find the same relative employment ...

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  • October 22, 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    The Effect of Air Quality Alerts on School Absenteeism - Evidence from New York City

    Speaker: Luis Sarmiento
    Time: 12:00 - 13:00

    This study examines the relationship between air quality alerts and school absenteeism in New York City. Examining the effects of the alerts in school attendance is relevant because it helps us understand parents' avoidance behavior in situations of exacerbated exposure to air contaminants. Causality arises by exploiting the deterministic nature of the alerts with regression discontinuity ...

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  • October 9, 2020

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar

    The Gender Gap in Student Performance: The Role of the Testing Environment

    Speaker: Almudena Sevilla, University College London
    Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Time:
    Note the time change:
    13:30 - 14:45

    Abstract:   Our research question is to what extent does the familiarity with the testing environment impact the relative performance of boys and girls in standardized testing. We use an RCT-design on the full population of students in Grade 6 and 10 across several subjects in the Region of Madrid (Spain). This standardized test was either "Externally" administered, meaning that teachers ...

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  • June 16, 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    The Effect of Retirement on Health - Evidence from Administrative Data

    Speaker: Mara Barschkett
    Time: 12:00 - 13:00

    We combine unique data that include all practitioner health diagnoses based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) collected from all publicly insured individuals in Germany with a sizable cohort specific pension reform to study the causal effect of an increase in the retirement age on health. For the analysis, we use a cohort specific regression discontinuity design. The ...

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  • June 12, 2020

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar

    Local News, UGC and Professionals: Evidence from Citizen Journalism

    Speaker: Jörg Claussen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
    Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Time:
    13:15 - 14:30

    Abstract:  User generated content is increasingly substituting content created by professionals. Local news that is generated by citizen journalists could be a promising way of supporting the struggling newspaper industry by reducing costs for professional journalists. We study a network of 122 local Austrian newspapers operating a hybrid model of citizen and professional journalism. We first ...

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  • April 24, 2020

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar

    What do we want? And when do we want it? Alternative objectives and their implications for experimental design.

    Speaker: Maximilian Kasy, University of Oxford
    Location: Online seminar via Cisco Webex
    Time:
    13:15 - 14:30

    Summary:  This talk will provide a survey of several papers on the theory and practice of experimental design. I will compare different objectives (estimator precision, outcomes of participants, informing policy choice to maximize average outcomes, and informing policy choice to maximize utilitarian welfare), and their implications for experimental design. I will consider heuristic ...

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  • March 11, 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    Decomposition of Gender Pension Gaps Across Europe from a life-course perspective – preliminary drafts from sequence data analysis and Blinder-Oaxaca-Decompositions

    Speaker: Carla Rowold, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

    My master thesis compares the impact of different life-courses on the Gender Pension Gaps across East and West Germany, Czechia and Italy. Using retrospective data on the dimensions of work and family from SHARELIFE, I contrast two different approaches. The first applies sequence data analysis to identify work-family life course patterns across all four countries as a first step, and includes ...

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  • February 28, 2020

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar

    Optimal Benefit-Based Corporate Income Tax

    Speaker: Simon Naitram, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 13:15 - 14:30

    Abstract:   I derive an optimal benefit-based corporate tax rate formula as a function of the public input elasticity of profits and the (net of) tax elasticity of profits. I argue that the existence of the corporate income tax should be justified by the benefit-based view of taxation: firms should pay tax according to the benefits they receive from the use of the public input. I argue that ...

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  • February 5, 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    Refugees and the resident populations' mental health

    Speaker: Daniel Graeber
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

    We estimate the effect of a sudden increase in the inflow of refugees on the native population’s mental health in Germany and Swiss. To identify the effect of the sudden influx of refugees to Germany and Swiss, we exploit the quasi-random allocation of the number of refugees to counties in Germany and Swiss. For Germany, we make use of the Socio-Economic Panel. For Swiss, we use individual ...

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  • January 22, 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    Can training help to keep old men in employment? - first draft of the structural model design.

    Speaker: Theresa Backhaus
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

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  • January 8, 2020

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    A firm-side perspective on parental leave

    Speaker: Mathias Huebener
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

    A large literature documents effects of parental leave on mothers' labour market outcomes, yet we know very little about the effects on their  firms and co-workers. We use unique administrative data that covers the universe of employees subject to social security and firms in Germany to address this question. We first establish some novel stylised facts in parental leave-taking   ...

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  • December 13, 2019

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar

    Knowledge Spillover and Individual Careers

    Speaker: Thomas Cornelissen, University of York
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 13:15 - 14:30

    Abstract: Through social interaction in the workplace, coworkers are likely to learn from each other (knowledge spillover) and this may extend the returns to firm-provided training from trained workers onto untrained coworkers. Based on German matched-employer employee data covering the universe of employees we investigate whether unskilled workers derive long-term career benefits if they were ...

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  • December 11, 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    The effect of xenophobic attacks on refugees’ mental health

    Speaker: Felicitas Schikora
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

    The high prevalence of forced migration in recent years has induced a shift in attitudes towards immigrants and refugees and, in turn, increasing xenophobic violence. We address this topic and estimate the effect of xenophobic attacks against refugee shelters on refugees’ mental health. For this purpose, we combine two innovative data sets: administrative records on xenophobic crime by ...

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  • November 27, 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    A question of gender: How promotions affect earnings

    Speaker: Aline Zucco
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

    Occupational positions can explain an important part of the differences in pay between men and women. However, a considerable Gender Pay Gap exists even within the same occupational position. In this paper, we aim at understanding the reason for the gap within occupational positions and, therefore, investigate whether promotions lead to the same effect on earnings growth for men and women. ...

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  • November 15, 2019

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar

    Mothers Working during Preschool Years and Child Skills. Does Income Compensate?

    Speaker: Emma Tominey, University of York
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 13:15 - 14:30

    Abstract: Increasing mothers’ labour supply in a child’s preschool years can cause a reduction in time investments that can lead to a negative direct effect on mid-childhood and teenage outcomes. As mothers’ work hours increase, income will rise and we ask whether income can compensate for the negative effect of hours by adopting a novel mediation analysis that exploits exogenous ...

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  • November 13, 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    Average Wage Gaps and Expected Wage Cuts - An Investigation of Selection Neglect Bias in Income Expectations

    Speaker: Annekatrin Schrenker
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

    Economists spend much of their lives talking about and correcting for sample selection. Recent evidence from behavioral economics documents that participants in lab experiments don't account for selection effects when they interpret conditional distributions. This "selection neglect" can distort expectations in settings where individuals learn from comparisons with other people who differ in ...

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  • October 30, 2019

    Cluster-Seminar Public Finances and Living Conditions

    Does later retirement change your health care consumption? Evidence from France

    Speaker: Elsa Perdrix, Paris School of Economics
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 12:30 - 13:30

    This paper examines the causal impact of later retirement on outpatient care consumption among the French elderly. Outpatient care are defined as all the care provided out of the hospital setting. This question is of interest since spill effects may arise if later retirement increases health care expenditures. To deal with reverse causality issue, I use, as an instrumental variable, the 1993 ...

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  • October 25, 2019

    DIW Applied Micro Seminar

    Salience of Inherited Wealth and the Support for Inheritance Taxation

    Speaker: Daniel Waldenström, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm
    Location: Anna J. Schwartz Room
    Room 5.2.010
    Mohrenstraße 58
    10117 Berlin
    Time: 13.15 - 14.30

    Abstract: We study how attitudes to inheritance taxation are influenced by information about the role of inherited wealth in society. Using a randomized experiment in a register-linked Swedish survey, we find that informing individuals about the large aggregate importance of inherited wealth and its link to inequality of opportunity significantly increases the support for inheritance taxation. The ...

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    • Documents
245 results, from 21
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