DIW Roundup

72 results, from 41
DIW Roundup 75 / 2015

Monetary Policy and the Risk-Taking Channel

Before the 2007 crisis, the trade-off between output and inflation played a leading role in the discussion of monetary policy. Instead, issues relating to financial stability played a less pronounced role in shaping the stance of monetary policy ...

2015| Michele Piffer
DIW Roundup 72 / 2015

Europe's Mechanism for Countering the Risk of Carbon Leakage

The EU’s Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is a regional cap-and-trade program in a world with no binding international climate agreement. This climate regulation may induce a relocation of production away from Europe, with potentially negative ...

2015| Aleksandar Zaklan, Bente Bauer
DIW Roundup 71 / 2015

Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth

Various proposals are currently being suggested to encourage higher foreign direct investment in countries within the euro area, particularly between individual member states. The intended goal is to assist in stimulating economic growth in the euro

2015| Guido Baldi, Jakob Miethe
DIW Roundup 68 / 2015

Peers at Work - a Brief Overview of the Literature on Peer Effects at the Workplace and the Policy Implications

Individuals do not exist in isolation but are embedded within networks of relationships, such as families, coworkers, neighbors, friendships or socioeconomic groups. While there is a long tradition in sociology and anthropology focusing on ...

2015| Clara Welteke
DIW Roundup 67 / 2015

Maternal Labour Supply and All-Day Primary Schools in Germany

The economic literature provides vast evidence of how public provision of day care for children below school age increases the labour force participation of mothers. The causal effect of all-day schooling in primary school on maternal supply has been

2015| Jan Marcus, Frauke H. Peter
DIW Roundup 66 / 2015

The Debate about Financing Constraints of SMEs in Europe

Small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) are highly dependent on bank financing, which is why they have been particularly hit by tighter credit conditions in the aftermath of the global financial crisis. Given that SMEs account for about 60% of value

2015| Franziska M. Bremus
DIW Roundup 65 / 2015

Health Consequences of Childhood and Adolescence Shocks: Is There a "Critical Period"?

Individual health is not only determined by genetic factors, but also by negative or positive events during the life course. For example, children exposed to natural disasters or violent conflicts are more likely to have poor health as adults. ...

2015| Valeria Groppo
DIW Roundup 61 / 2015

Large-Scale Asset Purchases by Central Banks II: Empirical Evidence

Not just since the European Central Bank announced the large-scale purchase of government bonds a few weeks ago, large-scale asset purchases have always been a controversially discussed topic. This DIW Roundup summarizes the measures that have been .

2015| Kerstin Bernoth, Philipp König, Carolin Raab
DIW Roundup 60 / 2015

Central Bank Asset Puchases I: The Theory

In the face of interest rates having hit their zero lower bound in major economies, large-scale asset purchases have become an important weapon of central banks in recent years. It is, however, not clear whether and under which circumstances such ...

2015| Carolin Raab, Philipp König, Kerstin Bernoth
DIW Roundup 59 / 2015

The Market Stability Reserve: Is Europe Serious about the Energy Union?

The European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) has been implemented to provide a common climate policy instrument across European Union countries, to contribute to a credible investment perspective for low-carbon investors and support further ..

2015| William Acworth, Nils May, Karsten Neuhoff
DIW Roundup 58 / 2015

What about the OPEC Cartel?

The recent decision by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) not to decrease their output quota in spite of a drastic decline of crude oil prices has brought renewed attention to this supplier group dominating the crude oil ...

2015| Daniel Huppmann, Franziska Holz
DIW Roundup 55 / 2015

Bubbles and Monetary Policy: To Burst or Not to Burst?

The question of whether monetary policy should target asset prices remains a contentious issue. Prior to the 2007/08 financial crisis, central banks opted for a wait-and-see approach, remaining passive during the build-up of asset price bubbles but .

2015| Philipp König, David Pothier
DIW Roundup 53 / 2015

Is There a Bubble in the German Housing Market?

After a period of stagnation that lasted for almost two decades, German house prices began to grow at an accelerated pace since late 2010. Real house prices that even had been declining in 2000-2008 started to climb up steeply from the second half of

2015| Konstantin Kholodilin, Claus Michelsen, Dirk Ulbricht
DIW Roundup 51 / 2015

Individual Insurance and Mutual Support Arrangements in Developing Countries

Insurance coverage in the developing world is expanding rapidly. As recently as 2005, only a small number of commercial insurers offered insurance products that specifically targeted low-income people (‘microinsurance’). Seven years later, in 201

2015| Friederike Lenel
DIW Roundup 48 / 2014

The Health Effects of Retirement

Retirement leads to changes in daily life that may affect health positively or negatively. Existing empirical evidence is inconclusive: While a few studies identify negative health effects, the majority of studies find no or positive effects of ...

2014| Peter Eibich
DIW Roundup 46 / 2014

Daddy Leave: Does It Change the Gender Division of Domestic Work?

How to best provide incentives for a more gender-equal division of domestic work has entered policy debates in many Western countries. Growing evidence suggests that a gender-traditional division of household labor may result in lower fertility rates

2014| Pia S. Schober
DIW Roundup 44 / 2014

Modelling the Impact of Energy and Climate Policies

Climate change mitigation and the transformation to a global low-carbon economy is a pressing issue in policy discussions and international negotiations. The political debate is supported by the scientific community with a large number of projections

2014| Daniel Huppmann, Franziska Holz
DIW Roundup 42 / 2014

The Controversy over the Free-Trade Agreement TTIP

A short name is causing a lasting debate: TTIP [tiːt|p]. Ever since the beginning of the negotiations in the summer of 2013, media coverage of the planned Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership between the EU and the US has contributed to a

2014| Philipp M. Richter, Greta F. Schäffer
DIW Roundup 37 / 2014

Skills Training for Entrepreneurs in Developing Countries

For most of the developing world, microenterprises are a key source of income and employment creation. For many countries the informal sector, where most of the small enterprises exist, represents over 80% of employment (ILO 2012). These businesses .

2014| Nathan Fiala
DIW Roundup 34 / 2014

The Role of Financial Literacy and of Financial Education Interventions in Developing Countries

Financial literacy has received increased attention since the global financial crisis and the literature confirms that it is correlated with higher household well-being. In parallel, financial education programs have grown in popularity and an ...

2014| Margherita Calderone
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