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The SOEPpapers are the chief platform for publishing research results based on SOEP data. As SOEP is a multidisciplinary panel, the SOEPpapers publishes work from all social scientific disciplines.

1132 results, from 1
SOEPpapers 1135 / 2021

Using Mathematical Graphs for Questionnaire Testing in Large-Scale Surveys

In this article, we present an automated test procedure for examining the filter structure and instructions implemented in electronic questionnaires, and for checking the fit of a questionnaire to the targeted sample. With our approach, we can represent and describe questionnaires using mathematical graphs and specify questionnaire properties in a formal and standardised way. It also allows us deriving ...

2021| Katharina Stark, Sabine Zinn
SOEPpapers 1134 / 2021

Why Time Cannot Heal All Wounds: Personal Wealth Trajectories of Divorced and Married Men and Women

Amid concerns of long-term economic consequences of divorce, cross-sectional research illustrated that ever-divorce men but particularly women hold less per capita wealth than continuously married spouses in older age. Using a longitudinal approach and unique personal-level wealth data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, the present study aims to understand how divorce stratifies men’s and ...

2021| Nicole Kapelle
SOEPpapers 1133 / 2021

The Long-Run Effects of Sports Club Vouchers for Primary School Children

Starting in 2009, the German state of Saxony distributed sports club membership vouchers among all 33,000 third graders in the state. The policy’s objective was to encourage them to develop a long-term habit of exercising. In 2018, we carried out a large register-based survey among several cohorts in Saxony and two neighboring states. Our difference-in-differences estimations show that, even after ...

2021| Jan Marcus, Thomas Siedler, Nicolas R. Ziebarth
SOEPpapers 1132 / 2021

Time Spent on School-Related Activities at Home during the Pandemic: A Longitudinal Analysis of Social Group Inequality among Secondary School Students

Substantial educational inequalities have been documented in Germany for decades. In this article, we examine whether educational inequalities among children have increased or remained the same since the school closures of spring 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our perspective is longitudinal: We compare the amount of time children in secondary schools spent on school-related activities at home ...

2021| Sabine Zinn, Michael Bayer
SOEPpapers 1131 / 2021

Shared Parenting and Parents’ Income Evolution after Separation: New Explorative Insights from Germany

Based on panel data from 1997 to 2018, we investigate the socioeconomic preconditions and economic consequences of ‘shared parenting (SP)’ forms in Germany. Referring to the post-separation year, we build SP groups from information on child residence and fathers’ childcare hours during a regular weekday. We explore the short-term gender and SP group associations with economic well-being as well as, ...

2021| Christina Boll, Simone Schüller
SOEPpapers 1130 / 2021

Hate Is Too Great a Burden to Bear: Hate Crimes and the Mental Health of Refugees

Against a background of increasing violence against non-natives, we estimate the effect of hate crime on refugees’ mental health in Germany. For this purpose, we combine two datasets: administrative records on xenophobic crime against refugee shelters by the Federal Criminal Office and the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees. We apply a regression discontinuity design in time to estimate the effect of ...

2021| Daniel Graeber, Felicitas Schikora
SOEPpapers 1129 / 2021

Income Changes Do Not Influence Political Participation: Evidence from Comparative Panel Data

The income gradient in political participation is a widely accepted stylized fact. This article asks how income effects on political involvement unfold over time. Using nine panel datasets from six countries, it analyzes whether income changes have short-term effects on political involvement, whether effects vary across the life-cycle, and whether parental income has an independent influence. Irrespective ...

2021| Sebastian Jungkunz, Paul Marx
SOEPpapers 1128 / 2021

Happiness, Domains of Life Satisfaction, Perceptions, and Valuation Differences across Genders

Happiness is strongly associated with goal attainment, productivity, mental health and suicidal risk. This paper examines the effect of satisfaction with areas of life on subjective well-being (SWB), the importance of relative perceptions compared to absolute measures in predicting overall life satisfaction, and differences in the domains of life which have the greatest impact on happiness of men and ...

2021| Stefani Milovanska-Farrington, Stephen Farrington
SOEPpapers 1127 / 2021

Do You Really Want to Share Everything? The Wellbeing of Work-Linked Couples

Work as well as family life are crucial sources of human wellbeing, which however often interfere. This is especially so if partners work in the same occupation or industry. At the same time, being work-linked may benefit their career success. Still, surprisingly little is known about the wellbeing of work-linked couples. Our study fills this gap by examining the satisfaction differences between work-linked ...

2021| Juliane Hennecke, Clemens Hetschko
SOEPpapers 1126 / 2021

Trade Shocks, Fertility, and Marital Behavior

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we analyze the effects of exposure to trade on the fertility and marital behavior of German workers. We find that individuals working in sectors that were more affected by import competition from Eastern Europe and suffered worse labor market outcomes were less likely to have children. In contrast, workers in sectors that benefited from increased ...

2021| Osea Giuntella, Lorenzo Rotunno, Luca Stella
SOEPpapers 1125 / 2021

Auswirkungen von Referenzzeiträumen auf die Selbstangaben zum freiwilligen Engagement: Ergebnisse einer experimentellen Studie

In der vorliegenden Studie wird untersucht, inwiefern sich der Einsatz eines spezifischen Zeitfensters bei Survey-Abfragen zum ehrenamtlichen und freiwilligen Engagement – im Vergleich zu Survey-Abfragen mit unspezifischen Zeitfenstern – auf die Selbstangaben von Befragten auswirkt. Die Grundlage der Untersuchung bildet ein Experiment, welches zu diesem Zweck im Rahmen des SOEP-Innovationssamples (SOEP-IS) ...

2021| Nadiya Kelle, Luise Burkhardt, Corinna Kausmann, Julia Simonson, Jürgen Schupp, Clemens Tesch-Römer
SOEPpapers 1124 / 2021

Social Isolation and Loneliness in the Context of Migration: A Cross-Sectional Study of Refugees, Migrants, and the Native Population in Germany

The study of loneliness and social isolation has provided a lot of evidence for differences in the prevalence of the two, depending on the context of individuals. Given different social, legal, and economic differences for migrants and refugees, it has been documented that these groups show elevated levels of both social isolation and loneliness compared to the respective host population. Differences ...

2021| Lea-Maria Löbel, Hannes Kröger, Ana Nanette Tibubos
SOEPpapers 1123 / 2021

Life Satisfaction, Pro-Activity, and Employment

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), this paper investigates how pro-active time-use (e.g., in sports/arts/socializing) relates to subjective well-being of the unemployed and their probability of finding a new job. Allowing for a variety of socio-demographic and -economic observed characteristics, we find that pro-activity is negatively associated with the well-being ...

2021| Alpaslan Akay, Gökhan Karabulut, Levent Yilmaz
SOEPpapers 1122 / 2021

Wage Determination in the Shadow of the Law: The Case of Works Councilors in Germany

The German law on co-determination at the plant level (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz) stipulates that works councilors are neither to be financially rewarded nor penalized for their activities. This regulation contrasts with publicized instances of excessive payments. The divergence has sparked a debate about the need to reform the law. This paper provides representative evidence on wage payments to works ...

2021| Laszlo Goerke, Markus Pannenberg
SOEPpapers 1121 / 2021

Job Placement via Private vs. Public Employment Agencies: Investigating Selection Effects and Job Match Quality in Germany

Employment agencies aim to match individuals to appropriate jobs. There are public and private employment agencies, which co-exist in many countries. Selection effects may be relevant in the sense that private agencies potentially engage in ‘cream-skimming’ by prioritizing highly qualified workers. The resulting job match quality is also important from an individual, a firm, and a society perspective. ...

2021| Adam Ayaita, Christian Grund, Lisa Pütz
SOEPpapers 1120 / 2021

The Child Penalty: Implications of Parenthood on Labour Market Outcomes for Men and Women in Germany

Whilst gender inequality has been falling in the developed world, child-related gender inequality in pay has stayed constant. In this paper I use German panel data spanning across 33 years from 1984 until 2017 including over 50,000 individuals. The main contribution of this paper is the analysis of the effect of parenthood on women’s and men’s earnings using propensity score matching. I estimate the ...

2021| Charlotte H. Feldhoff
SOEPpapers 1119 / 2021

An Economic Analysis of the Empty Nest Syndrome: What the Leaving Child Does Matters

This study is an empirical investigation of the empty nest syndrome, commonly understood as a situation where there are feelings of loss or loneliness for mothers and/or fathers following the departure of the last child from the family home. This investigation makes use of rich, longitudinal, nationally representative German data to assess whether there is evidence for such a syndrome. Furthermore, ...

2021| Alan Piper
SOEPpapers 1118 / 2021

Emotions and Risk Attitudes

Previous work has shown that preferences are not always stable across time, but surprisingly little is known about the reasons for this instability. I examine whether variation in people’s emotions over time predicts changes in risk attitudes. Using a large panel data set, I identify happiness, anger, and fear as significant correlates of within-person changes in risk attitudes. Robustness checks indicate ...

2021| Armando N. Meier
SOEPpapers 1117 / 2021

Risk Preference and Entrepreneurial Investment at the Top of the Wealth Distribution

We present first evidence how individual risk preferences shape entrepreneurial investment among the very wealthy using novel survey data from the top of the wealth distribution, which have been added to the 2019 German Socio-economic Panel Study. The data include private wealth balance sheets, in particular the value of own private business assets, and a standard measure of risk tolerance. We find that ...

2021| Frank M. Fossen, Johannes König, Carsten Schröder
SOEPpapers 1116 / 2021

Quantifying the Externalities of Renewable Energy Plants Using Wellbeing Data: The Case of Biogas

Although there is strong support for renewable energy plants, they are often met with local resistance. We quantify the externalities of renewable energy plants using well-being data. We focus on the example of biogas, one of the most frequently deployed technologies besides wind and solar. To this end, we combine longitudinal household data with novel panel data on more than 13, 000 installations ...

2021| Christian Krekel, Julia Rechlitz, Johannes Rode, Alexander Zerrahn
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