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Diskussionspapiere 1986 / 2021

Rising Allowances, Rising Rates: A Tinbergen Rule for Capital Taxation

The system of capital taxation consists of two instruments, namely a tax on profits and a depreciation allowance on investment. We will show in this paper that by acting on both instruments simultaneously it is possible to achieve both a growth and a fiscal net revenue target even in cases when a trade off prevails when each instrument is used individually. This is an application of the Tinbergen rule ...

2021| Marius Clemens, Werner Röger
Berlin Applied Micro Seminar (BAMS)

The Seeds of Ideology: Historical Immigration and Political Preferences in the United States

06.12.2021| Marco Tebellini (Harvard Business School)
Berlin Applied Micro Seminar (BAMS)

Matching in the Dark? Inequalities in student to degree match

13.12.2021| Richard Murphy (University of Texas)
DIW Weekly Report 48 / 2021

Artificial Intelligence in Germany: Employees Often Unaware They Are Working with AI-Based Systems

Using a new SOEP-IS data module on digitalization including information on the prevalence of AI use in the workplace, this report shows that the term “artificial intelligence” often remains inscrutable in the day-to-day work of many employees. When asked directly about the use of digital systems with the term “artificial intelligence,” around 20 percent of the working respondents in the sample indicate ...

2021| Oliver Giering, Alexandra Fedorets, Jule Adriaans, Stefan Kirchner
Weitere Aufsätze

Mindestlohn und Arbeitsintensität: Evidenz aus Deutschland

2015 wurde nach jahrelangen und zum Teil heftigen politischen Diskussionender gesetzliche Mindestlohn in Deutschland eingeführt. Seitens der Gegner undSkeptiker dieser Reform wurden vielfältige negative Folgen eines gesetzlichenMindestlohns antizipiert. So wurde unter anderem argumentiert, dass einMindestlohn und dessen geplante regelmäßige Anpassung zu einer gesteigertenArbeitsintensität in den Mindestlohnbereichen ...

In: WSI-Mitteilungen 74 (2021), 6, S. 446-453 | Alexandra Fedorets, Ralf Himmelreicher
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Highway Conditions and Insufficient Maintenance in Germany: A Threat for Economic Growth?

We analyse the impact of transportation infrastructure capital and its maintenance status on regionaleconomic production, exploiting panel data on the German county level (N = 401) between 2007 and2016 in a spatial translog production function. Various SLX and SDEM models are estimated usingFGLS and GMM estimators accounting for endogeneity. We find a positive impact of the transportinfrastructure ...

In: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy 55 (2021), 4, S. 308–333 | Dennis Gaus, Heike Link
Diskussionspapiere 1984 / 2021

Firms in (Green) Public Procurement: Financial Strength Indicators’ Impact on Contract Awards and Its Repercussion on Financial Strength

We examine whether the financial strength of companies, in particular, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is causally linked to the award of a public procurement contract (PP), especially in the environmentally friendly “green” area (GPP). For this purpose, we build a combined procurement company data set from the Tenders Electronic Daily (TED) and the SME database AMADEUS, which includes ten ...

2021| Christopher F. Baum, Arash Kordestani, Dorothea Schäfer, Andreas Stephan
Diskussionspapiere 1985 / 2021

The Effects of an Increase in the Retirement Age on Health: Evidence from Administrative Data

This study analyzes the causal effect of an increase in the retirement age on health. We exploit a sizable cohort-specific pension reform for women using two complementary empirical approaches - a Regression Discontinuity Design and a Difference-in- Differences approach. The analysis is based on official records covering all individuals insured by the public health system in Germany and including all ...

2021| Mara Barschkett, Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan, Anna Hammerschmid
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Grading in Secondary Schools in Germany: The Impact of Social Origin and Gender

In the German school system, grades are the essential means of performance feedback and assignment. However, little research has been conducted on the factors that determine grades in addition to competencies, and existing findings are poorly replicated. Using data from the representative IQB Trends in Student Performance 2015 survey, our analysis combined a variety of personal and structural characteristics ...

In: International Journal of Educational Research Open 2 (2021), 2, 100101, 9 S. | Michael Bayer, Sabine Zinn, Christin Rüdiger
Nachrichten [Energie, Verkehr, Umwelt]

COP26 statement on coal exit

As COP26 drew to a close earlier this month, almost 200 nations agreed to “phase down” coal power in the coming years. How this is done, for coal and other fossil fuels, will have implications for individuals and communities that depend on these resources for their livelihoods.  The case study conducted by DIW Berlin focuses on Germany and the efforts it has undertaken to support ...

29.11.2021| Claudia Kemfert
14078 results, from 31