DIW Berlin: Gender Economics Research Group Publications

Gender Economics Research Group Publications

171 results, from 111
Diskussionspapiere 1747 / 2018

Does Subsidized Care for Toddlers Increase Maternal Labor Supply? Evidence from a Large-Scale Expansion of Early Childcare

Expanding public or publicly subsidized childcare has been a top social policy priority in many industrialized countries. It is supposed to increase fertility, promote children's development and enhance mothers' labor market attachment. In this paper, we analyze the causal effect of one of the largest expansions of subsidized childcare for children up to three years among industrialized countries

2018| Kai-Uwe Müller, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1717 / 2018

Looking for the Missing Rich: Tracing the Top Tail of the Wealth Distribution

We analyze the top tail of the wealth distribution in Germany, France, and Spain based on the first and second wave of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS). Since top wealth is likely to be underrepresented in household surveys, we integrate big fortunes from rich lists, estimate a Pareto distribution, and impute the missing rich. In addition to the Forbes list, we rely on national

2018| Stefan Bach, Andreas Thiemann, Aline Zucco
Diskussionspapiere 1662 / 2017

Why Do Women Favor Same-Gender Competition? Evidence from a Choice Experiment

This paper addresses the behavioral puzzle of women’s preference for competition when competitors are also women. Using a framed field experiment with 883 non-standard subjects, we show that none of the determinants of competitive behavior in general, including ability, self-confidence and risk aversion, provide a satisfying explanation for women’s substantive gender-related selection into

2017| Norma Burow, Miriam Beblo, Denis Beninger, Melanie Schröder
Diskussionspapiere 1658 / 2017

Do Women in Highly Qualified Positions Face Higher Work-To-Family Conflicts in Germany than Men?

Changing employment conditions lead to new chances, but also new risks for employees. In the literature, increasing permeability between occupational and private life is discussed as one special outcome of this development that employees must face, especially those in highly qualified positions. Drawing on existing research, we investigate in how far women and men in those positions differ in

2017| Anne Busch-Heizmann, Elke Holst
Diskussionspapiere 1657 / 2017

Fathers, Parental Leave and Gender Norms

Social norms and attitudes towards gender roles have been shown to have a large effect on economic outcomes of men and women. Many countries have introduced policies that aim at changing gender stereotypes, for example fathers’ quota in parental leave schemes. In this paper, we analyze whether the introduction of the fathers’ quota in Germany in 2007, that caused a sharp increase in the take-up of

2017| Ulrike Unterhofer, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1603 / 2016

The Family Working Time Model - Toward More Gender Equality in Work and Care

Since the millennium, the labor market participation of women and mothers is increasing across European countries. Several work/care policy measures underlie this evolution. At the same time, the labor market behavior of men and fathers, as well as their involvement in care work, is relatively unchanging, meaning that employed mothers are facing an increased burden with respect to gainful

2016| Kai-Uwe Müller, Michael Neumann, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1600 / 2016

Peer Effects in Parental Leave Decisions

This paper analyzes to what extent parental leave decisions of mothers with young children depend on the decisions made by their coworkers. The identification of peer effects, which are defined as indirect effects of the behavior of a social reference group on individual outcomes, bears various challenges due to correlated characteristics within social groups and endogenous group membership. We

2016| Clara Welteke, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1597 / 2016

Arbeitszeitrealitäten und Arbeitszeitwünsche in Deutschland: methodische Unterschiede ihrer Erfassung im SOEP und Mikrozensus

Die Debatte um Arbeitszeiten und deren Regulierung wird in der deutschen Öffentlichkeiterneut geführt. Empirische Grundlage sind dabei häufig Studien auf Basis des Mikrozensusoder des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP), die teilweise erhebliche Unterschiede in ihrenErgebnissen aufweisen (Rengers 2015, Holst/Wieber 2014). In dem vorliegenden Beitragwird den Ursachen für diese Unterschiede

2016| Elke Holst, Julia Bringmann
Diskussionspapiere 1593 / 2016

Couple's Labor Supply, Taxes, and the Division of Housework in a Gender-Neutral Lab

We use a lab-in-the-field experiment to investigate intra-couple labor supply decisions and the division of housework under individual and joint income taxation systems. In order to eliminate problems of endogenous intra-couple time use decisions, we exogenously varied not only the taxation system but also the intra-couple roles of primary and secondary earners. Using work effort as a proxy for

2016| Melanie Schröder, Norma Burow
Diskussionspapiere 1517 / 2015

Gender Identity and Womens' Supply of Labor and Non-Market Work: Panel Data Evidence for Germany

This paper aims to verify results of the innovative study on gender identity for the USA by Bertrand et al. (2015) for Germany. They found that women who would earn more than their husbands distort their labor market outcome in order not to violate traditional gender identity norms. Using data from the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP) we also find that the distribution of the share of

2015| Anna Wieber, Elke Holst
171 results, from 111