Gender Economics Research Group Publications

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178 results, from 121
Diskussionspapiere 1658 / 2017

Do Women in Highly Qualified Positions Face Higher Work-To-Family Conflicts in Germany than Men?

Changing employment conditions lead to new chances, but also new risks for employees. In the literature, increasing permeability between occupational and private life is discussed as one special outcome of this development that employees must face, especially those in highly qualified positions. Drawing on existing research, we investigate in how far women and men in those positions differ in their ...

2017| Anne Busch-Heizmann, Elke Holst
Diskussionspapiere 1657 / 2017

Fathers, Parental Leave and Gender Norms

Social norms and attitudes towards gender roles have been shown to have a large effect on economic outcomes of men and women. Many countries have introduced policies that aim at changing gender stereotypes, for example fathers’ quota in parental leave schemes. In this paper, we analyze whether the introduction of the fathers’ quota in Germany in 2007, that caused a sharp increase in the take-up of ...

2017| Ulrike Unterhofer, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1603 / 2016

The Family Working Time Model - Toward More Gender Equality in Work and Care

Since the millennium, the labor market participation of women and mothers is increasing across European countries. Several work/care policy measures underlie this evolution. At the same time, the labor market behavior of men and fathers, as well as their involvement in care work, is relatively unchanging, meaning that employed mothers are facing an increased burden with respect to gainful employment ...

2016| Kai-Uwe Müller, Michael Neumann, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1600 / 2016

Peer Effects in Parental Leave Decisions

This paper analyzes to what extent parental leave decisions of mothers with young children depend on the decisions made by their coworkers. The identification of peer effects, which are defined as indirect effects of the behavior of a social reference group on individual outcomes, bears various challenges due to correlated characteristics within social groups and endogenous group membership. We overcome ...

2016| Clara Welteke, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1597 / 2016

Arbeitszeitrealitäten und Arbeitszeitwünsche in Deutschland: methodische Unterschiede ihrer Erfassung im SOEP und Mikrozensus

Die Debatte um Arbeitszeiten und deren Regulierung wird in der deutschen Öffentlichkeiterneut geführt. Empirische Grundlage sind dabei häufig Studien auf Basis des Mikrozensusoder des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP), die teilweise erhebliche Unterschiede in ihrenErgebnissen aufweisen (Rengers 2015, Holst/Wieber 2014). In dem vorliegenden Beitragwird den Ursachen für diese Unterschiede nachgegangen. ...

2016| Elke Holst, Julia Bringmann
Diskussionspapiere 1593 / 2016

Couple's Labor Supply, Taxes, and the Division of Housework in a Gender-Neutral Lab

We use a lab-in-the-field experiment to investigate intra-couple labor supply decisions and the division of housework under individual and joint income taxation systems. In order to eliminate problems of endogenous intra-couple time use decisions, we exogenously varied not only the taxation system but also the intra-couple roles of primary and secondary earners. Using work effort as a proxy for labor ...

2016| Melanie Schröder, Norma Burow
Diskussionspapiere 1517 / 2015

Gender Identity and Womens' Supply of Labor and Non-Market Work: Panel Data Evidence for Germany

This paper aims to verify results of the innovative study on gender identity for the USA by Bertrand et al. (2015) for Germany. They found that women who would earn more than their husbands distort their labor market outcome in order not to violate traditional gender identity norms. Using data from the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP) we also find that the distribution of the share of income ...

2015| Anna Wieber, Elke Holst
Diskussionspapiere 1396 / 2014

Two Steps Forward - One Step Back? Evaluating Contradicting Child Care Policies in Germany

We apply a structural model of mothers’ labor supply and child care choices to evaluate the effects of two childcare reforms in Germany that were introduced simultaneously in August 2013. First, a legal claim to subsidized child care became effective for all children aged one year or older. Second, a new benefit called ‘Betreuungsgeld’ came into effect that is granted to families who do not use public ...

2014| Kai-Uwe Müller, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1366 / 2014

The Effects of Family Policy on Mothers' Labor Supply: Combining Evidence from a Structural Model and a Natural Experiment

Parental leave and subsidized child care are prominent examples of family policies supporting the reconciliation of family life and labor market careers for mothers. In this paper, we combine different empirical strategies to evaluate the employment effects of these policies for mothers in Germany. In particular we estimate a structural labor supply model and exploit a natural experiment, i.e. the ...

2014| Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan, Katharina Wrohlich
DIW Roundup 106 / 2017

Arbeitszeitwünsche von Beschäftigten: eine Black Box? Zu Unschärfen der Ermittlung von Unter- und Überbeschäftigung

Wie viel Zeit Menschen in ihre Erwerbsarbeit investieren wollen, können und müssen ist nicht nur für den Einzelnen, sondern auch für eine Ökonomie als Ganzes von zentraler Bedeutung. Doch je nach Studie und zugrundeliegendem Datensatz ergibt sich ein heterogenes Bild zur Über- und Unterbeschäftigung in Deutschland. Diesem Phänomen und seinen Ursachen geht der nachfolgende Bericht nach.

2017| Elke Holst, Julia Bringmann
178 results, from 121