Topic Education

717 results, from 1
DIW Applied Micro Seminar

The Gender Gap in Student Performance: The Role of the Testing Environment

Abstract:   Our research question is to what extent does the familiarity with the testing environment impact the relative performance of boys and girls in standardized testing. We use an RCT-design on the full population of students in Grade 6 and 10 across several subjects in the Region of Madrid (Spain). This standardized test was either "Externally" administered, meaning that teachers...

09.10.2020| Almudena Sevilla, University College London


Researchers at DIW Berlin are taking a closer look at the economic effects of the ongoing 2020 coronavirus pandemic. Here you can find all DIW Berlin publications on the consequences of the pandemic, which are leaving deep marks on not only the global and German economies, but also on society itself.

Diskussionspapiere 1902 / 2020

Health of Elderly Parents, Their Children's Labor Supply, and the Role of Migrant Care Workers

We estimate the impact of parental health on adult children’s labor market outcomes. We focus on health shocks which increase care dependency abruptly. Our estimation strategy exploits the variation in the timing of shocks across treated families. Empirical results based on Austrian administrative data show a significant negative impact on labor market activities of children. This effect is more pronounced ...

2020| Wolfgang Frimmel, Martin Halla, Jörg Paetzold, Julia Schmieder
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Education Differences in Women’s Body Weight Trajectories: The Role of Motherhood

Studies have found that education differences in women’s body weight increase until middle adulthood. The explanatory mechanisms behind this increase are not well-understood. This study examined the role of education differences in the prevalence of motherhood as a risk factor for weight gain and in vulnerability to its effects on weight gain. We used longitudinal data from the German Socio-economic ...

In: PloS one 15 (2020), 9, e0236487, 23 S. | Hannes Kröger, Liliya Leopold
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Web-Based and Mixed-Mode Cognitive Large-Scale Assessments in Higher Education: An Evaluation of Selection Bias, Measurement Bias, and Prediction Bias

Educational large-scale studies typically adopt highly standardized settings to collect cognitive data on large samples of respondents. Increasing costs alongside dwindling response rates in these studies necessitate exploring alternative assessment strategies such as unsupervised web-based testing. Before respective assessment modes can be implemented on a broad scale, their impact on cognitive measurements ...

In: Behavior Research Methods (2020), [im Ersch.] | Sabine Zinn, Uta Landrock, Timo Gnambs
Diskussionspapiere 1900 / 2020

Tuition Fees and Educational Attainment

Following a landmark ruling by the Constitutional Court in 2005, more than half of Germany’s universities started charging tuition fees, which also applied to incumbent students. We exploit this unusual lack of grandfathering together with register data covering the universe of students to show that tuition fees increased degree completion among incumbent students. Investigating mechanisms, we do not ...

2020| Jan Bietenbeck, Jan Marcus, Felix Weinhardt
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Early Childhood Education and Care Quality in the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) - the K2ID-SOEP Study

Since 2000, Germany is experiencing an expansion of early childhood education and care (ECEC) institutions for children younger than three as well as increasing availability of full-day care for children aged three or older. More and more children attend ECEC centres for increasingly longer hours. Thus, ECEC centres are becoming an increasingly important environment for children and their parents. ...

In: Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik 240 (2020), 1, S. 111-120 | C. Katharina Spieß, Pia S. Schober, Juliane F. Stahl

Center-Based Care and Parenting Activities

We estimate the effects of center-based care on parenting activities with children using data from time diaries and a family survey for Germany. Our estimates imply that usage of center-based care reduces the amount of time that a parent spends with their enrolled child, but only small negative effects on the amount of time spent on parenting activities. Correspondingly, center-based care increases ...

London: CEP, 2020, 65 S.
(CEP Discussion Paper ; 1710)
| Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spieß, Sevrin Waights
Diskussionspapiere 1877 / 2020

Make Sure the Kids are OK: Indirect Effects of Ground-Level Ozone on Well-Being

This paper uses a panel of German individuals and highly granular pollution data to test if air pollution affects adults’ well-being indirectly through the health of their children. Results show that ozone decreases the well-being of individuals with children while not affecting persons without kids. We confirm the same effect for fine particulate matter and sulfur dioxide. Concerning the mechanism, ...

2020| Julia Rechlitz, Luis Sarmiento, Aleksandar Zaklan
Diskussionspapiere 1858 / 2020

Culture and Gender Allocation of Tasks: Source Country Characteristics and the Division of Non-Market Work among US Immigrants

There is a well-known gender difference in time allocation within the household, which has important implications for gender differences in labor market outcomes. We ask how malleable this gender difference in time allocation is to culture. In particular, we ask if US immigrants allocate tasks differently depending upon the characteristics of the source countries from which they emigrated. Using ...

2020| Francine D. Blau, Lawrence M. Kahn, Matthew Comey, Amanda Eng, Pamela Meyerhofer, Alexander Willén
717 results, from 1