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  • Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

    The Judge in the Marriage Bed: The Modernization of the Swiss Marital Law and Female Labour Force Participation

    This paper analyses the impact of the modernization of the Swiss marital law in the 1980s on married women's labour force participation in Switzerland. The reform of the law comprised multiple measures to foster the equality between husband and wife within the marriage. The Swiss people voted on the reform in a referendum in 1985, accepting the new marital law. Hence at the time of the vote, it...

    16.07.2024| Lea Weigand, University of Zurich
  • Research Project

    DECIPHE – Demographic Change and the Intergenerational Persistence in Homeownership in Europe

    DECIPHE is the first project to comprehensively study whether and how profound demographic changes in Europe impact the intergenerational persistence of homeownership, considering variations across countries, regions, and birth cohorts. It adopts a life course framework on housing tenure, in which individuals’ homeownership is shaped by their household members’ preferences and resources and...

    Current Project| German Socio-Economic Panel study
  • Infographic

    Gender care gap in Germany, everything as it was after Corona

  • Research Project

    Inclusive, Affordable and Sustainable Housing for Marginalized Communities (HouseInc)

    The objective of HouseInc is to analyse interlinked dimensions of housing inequalities in the context of marginalized communities. HouseInc will empirically examine economic, social, and ecological drivers and assess impacts of various indicators on housing inequality to derive policy recommendations that foster the adoption of effective measures addressing housing inequality across Europe....

    Current Project| Macroeconomics
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Immigration, Female Labour Supply and Local Cultural Norms

    We study the local evolution of female labour supply and cultural norms in West Germany in reaction to the sudden presence of East Germans who migrated to the West after reunification. These migrants grew up with high rates of maternal employment, whereas West German families mostly followed the traditional breadwinner-housewife model. We find that West German women increase their labour supply and ...

    In: The Economic Journal 134 (2024), 659, S. 1146–1172 | Jonas Jessen, Sophia Schmitz, Felix Weinhardt
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Perceiver Effects and Socioeconomic Background: Contrasting Parent-reports against Teacher-reports of Elementary School Students' Personality

    familial socioeconomic background can impact not only academic success, but also the personality of offspring. Yet, there is little evidence on whether it might influence how parents describe their children’s personality. To fill this gap, we used latent multitrait-multimethod (CTCM-1) models to examine familial socioeconomic background as possible predictor of parental perceiver effects regarding ...

    In: Journal of Personality Assessment (2024), im Ersch. [online first. 2023-12-06] | Emilija Meier-Faust, Rainer Watermann
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Codevelopment of Life Goals and the Big Five Personality Traits across Adulthood and Old Age

    Since the new millennium, research in the field of personality development has focused on the stability and change of basic personality traits. Motivational aspects of personality and their longitudinal association with basic traits have received comparably little attention. In this preregistered study, we applied bivariate latent growth curve model to investigated the codevelopment of nine life goals ...

    In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 126 (2024), 2, S. 346-368 | Laura Buchinger, Theresa Entringer, David Richter, Gert G. Wagner, Denis Gerstorf, Wiebke Bleidorn
  • SOEPpapers 1208 / 2024

    Early Childcare Expansion and Maternal Health

    This paper estimates the causal effect of increased availability of early childcare on maternal health. We focus on a substantial expansion of childcare for children under three years in West Germany from 2006 to 2019. By matching county-level childcare attendance rates with individual data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), we are able to quantify the effects of this expansion on maternal ...

    2024| Marina Krauß, Niklas Rott
  • DIW Weekly Report 29/30/31 / 2024

    Division of Paid and Care Work Between Parents: Reality Often Differs Greatly from the Ideals

    On average, mothers and fathers in Germany divide paid work and care work very unequally. Mothers often only work part time, which results in further gender inequalities in the labor market. A current analysis of data from the German Family Demography Panel Study (FReDA) shows that the population’s attitudes toward the ideal division of work between couples with children under 12 are considerably more ...

    2024| Ludovica Gambaro, Annica Gehlen, C. Katharina Spieß, Katharina Wrohlich, Elena Ziege
  • DIW Weekly Report 9 / 2024

    No Lasting Increase in the Gender Care Gap in Germany after the Coronavirus Pandemic

    The gender care gap, i.e., the difference between the amount of unpaid care work—such as childcare and housework—performed between men and women is comparatively high in Germany: Women take on much more unpaid care work than men. This gap increases consistently when starting a family. At the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic in 2020, many feared that the gender care gap may grow even larger. In ...

    2024| Jonas Jessen, Lavinia Kinne, Katharina Wrohlich
835 results, from 1