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SOEPpapers 1155 / 2021

Center-Based Care and Parenting Activities

We examine the relationship between parenting activities and center-based care using time diary and survey data for mothers in Germany. While mothers using center-based care spend significantly less time in the presence of their child, we find that differences in the time spent on specific activities such as reading, talking, and playing with the child are relatively small or zero. The pattern of results ...

2021| Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spiess, Sevrin Waights
Diskussionspapiere 1975 / 2021

Does Grandparenting Pay off for the Next Generations? Intergenerational Effects of Grandparental Care

Grandparents act as the third largest caregiver after parental care and daycare in Germany, as in many Western societies. Adopting a double-generation perspective, we investigate the causal impact of this care mode on children's health, socio-emotional behavior, and school outcomes, as well as parental well-being. Based on representative German panel data sets, and exploiting arguably exogenous variations ...

2021| Mara Barschkett, C. Katharina Spieß, Elena Ziege
SOEPpapers 1138 / 2021

Personality Maturation and Personality Relaxation: Differences of the Big Five Personality Traits in the Years around the Beginning and Ending of Working Life

Objective: At work, people are confronted with clear behavioral expectations. In line with the Social Investment Principle, the beginning and ending of working life might thus promote changes in personality traits that are relevant at work (e.g., Conscientiousness). Method: Based on the data from the Socio- Economic Panel Study (SOEP), we examined nuanced differences of the Big Five personality traits ...

2021| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Effect of Early Childhood Education and Care Services on the Integration of Refugee Families

Devising appropriate policy measures to integrate refugees is high on the agenda of many governments. This paper focuses on the integration of families seeking asylum in Germany between 2013 and 2016. Exploiting regional differences in early childhood education and care (ECEC) services and dispersal policies as exogenous sources of variation, as well as controlling for local level heterogeneity that ...

In: Labour Economics 72 (2021), 102053, 15 S. | Ludovica Gambaro, Guido Neidhöfer, C. Katharina Spiess
SOEPpapers 1147 / 2021

How Causal Is Separation? Lessons Learnt from Endogenous Switching Regression Models for Single Mothers’ Economic Strain in Germany

Single mothers often experience precarious financial conditions. However, it is not fully understood to what extent separation is the cause of these conditions versus being their consequence. Estimating an endogenous switching regression model based on a sample of 626 separated and 5,525 non-separated mothers drawn from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) 1984-2018, we disentangle the roles of causation ...

2021| Antonia Birkeneder, Christina Boll
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Leisure Activities as a Driver of Personality Development? A Random-Intercept Cross-lagged Panel Model across 13 Years in Adulthood

Repeated experiences and activities drive personality development. Leisure activities are among the daily routines that may elicit personality change. Yet despite the important role they play in daily life, little is known about their prospective effects on personality traits and vice versa. The objective of this study was to examine the extent to which within-person changes in leisure activities lead ...

In: Collabra: Psychology 7 (2021), 1, 23473, 36 S. | Julia Sander, Paul Schumann, David Richter, Jule Specht
Diskussionspapiere 1951 / 2021

Cracking under Pressure? Gender Role Attitudes toward Maternal Employment in Times of a Pandemic

This paper studies the effects of Covid-19 related daycare and school closures on gender role attitudes toward maternal employment in Germany. We compare women and men with dependent children to those without children one year after the outbreak of the pandemic. Using data on gender role attitudes from 2008 through 2021, we find that fathers’ egalitarian attitudes toward maternal employment dropped ...

2021| Natalia Danzer, Mathias Huebener, Astrid Pape, C. Katharina Spieß, Nico A. Siegel, Gert G. Wagner
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Generation Y: Do Millennials Need a Partner to Be Happy?

IntroductionEmpirical evidence on Ronald Inglehart's theory of value change shows that subsequent generations show a decline in values of physical and economic security (materialism) in favor of an increase in values of self-expression and autonomy (postmaterialism).MethodsWe investigate in a pre-registered study whether Inglehart's theory also applies to partnership, such that millennials think less ...

In: Journal of Adolescence 90 (2021), S. 23-31 | Louisa Scheling, David Richter

Sharing the Caring? The Gender Division of Care Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Germany

The COVID-19 pandemic and related closures of daycare centers and schools significantly increased the amount of care work done by parents. There is much speculation over whether the pandemic increased or decreased gender equality in parental care work. Based on representative data for Germany we present an empirical analysis that shows greater support for the latter rather than the former hypothesis. ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 22 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14457)
| Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spiess, Sevrin Waights, Katharina Wrohlich
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Impact of Economic Uncertainty, Precarious Employment, and Risk Attitudes on the Transition to Parenthood

This study investigates how precarious employment throughout the life course affects the fertility behavior of men and women in Germany, and how risk attitudes moderate exposure to objectively given uncertainty. Analyzing data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study from 1990 to 2015, I find that men and women have become quite similar in their fertility behavior: Stable employment accelerates ...

In: Advances in Life Course Research 47 (2021), 100402, 14 S. | Christian Schmitt
779 results, from 41