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Cluster-Seminar Öffentliche Finanzen und Lebenslagen

Informal care, work and retirement - choices in conflict? A structural model

This paper estimates a structural dynamic discrete choice model on parental care provision, retirement and labor supply. We want to estimate the dynamic consequences of providing informal care or organizing formal care for care dependent parents. While there might be negative long term consequences on wages and retirement benefits, agents might respond to incentives in the long term care...

13.01.2021| Björn Fischer
Diskussionspapiere 1970 / 2021

Behavioral Barriers and the Socioeconomic Gap in Child Care Enrollment

Children with lower socioeconomic status (SES) tend to benefit more from early child care, but are substantially less likely to be enrolled. We study whether reducing behavioral barriers in the application process increases enrollment in child care for lower-SES children. In our RCT in Germany with highly subsidized child care (n > 600), treated families receive application information and personal ...

2021| Henning Hermes, Philipp Lergetporer, Frauke Peter, Simon Wiederhold
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Time Spent on School-Related Activities at Home During the Pandemic: A Longitudinal Analysis of Social Group Inequality Among Secondary School Students

Substantial educational inequalities have been documented in Germany for decades. In this article, we examine whether educational inequalities among children have increased or remained the same since the school closures of spring 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our perspective is longitudinal: We compare the amount of time children in secondary schools spent on school-related activities at home ...

In: Frontiers in Psychology 12 (2021), 705107, 10 S. | Sabine Zinn, Michael Bayer
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Norms: Why and How Adolescent Males with Working Mothers Matter for Female Labour Market Outcomes

Social norms are put forward as a prominent explanation for the changing labour supply decisions of women. This paper studies the intergenerational transmission of these norms, examining how they affect subsequent female labour supply decisions, taking into account not only the early socialization of women but also that of their partner. Using large representative panel data sets from West Germany, ...

In: Socio-Economic Review (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-07-01] | Sophia Schmitz, C Katharina Spiess
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Longitudinal Coupling of Momentary Stress Reactivity and Trait Neuroticism: Specificity of States, Traits, and Age Period

Personality traits like neuroticism show both continuity and change across adolescence and adulthood, with most pronounced changes occurring in young adulthood. It has been assumed, but insufficiently examined, that trait changes occur gradually over the years through the accumulation of daily experiences. The current longitudinal measurement burst study examined (a) how changes in average momentary ...

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-07-29] | Cornelia Wrzus, Gloria Luong, Gert G. Wagner, Michaela Riediger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Generation Y: Do Millennials Need a Partner to Be Happy?

IntroductionEmpirical evidence on Ronald Inglehart's theory of value change shows that subsequent generations show a decline in values of physical and economic security (materialism) in favor of an increase in values of self-expression and autonomy (postmaterialism).MethodsWe investigate in a pre-registered study whether Inglehart's theory also applies to partnership, such that millennials think less ...

In: Journal of Adolescence 90 (2021), S. 23-31 | Louisa Scheling, David Richter
Diskussionspapiere 1941 / 2021

Employment Responses to Income Effect: Evidence from Pension Reform

For the design of the pension system, it is crucial to disentangle the employment responses related to the substitution effect and the income effect. In this paper, we provide causal evidence regarding the importance of the income effect, which is generally assumed to be small or non-existent. We exploit a pension reform in Germany that raised pension bene- fits related to children. For the identification, ...

2021| Sebastian Becker, Hermann Buslei, Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan
SOEPpapers 1126 / 2021

Trade Shocks, Fertility, and Marital Behavior

Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we analyze the effects of exposure to trade on the fertility and marital behavior of German workers. We find that individuals working in sectors that were more affected by import competition from Eastern Europe and suffered worse labor market outcomes were less likely to have children. In contrast, workers in sectors that benefited from increased ...

2021| Osea Giuntella, Lorenzo Rotunno, Luca Stella
SOEPpapers 1119 / 2021

An Economic Analysis of the Empty Nest Syndrome: What the Leaving Child Does Matters

This study is an empirical investigation of the empty nest syndrome, commonly understood as a situation where there are feelings of loss or loneliness for mothers and/or fathers following the departure of the last child from the family home. This investigation makes use of rich, longitudinal, nationally representative German data to assess whether there is evidence for such a syndrome. Furthermore, ...

2021| Alan Piper
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

Based on findings from high-income countries, typically economists hypothesize that having more children unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor market. Few studies on lower-income countries, in which low household wealth, informal child care, and informal employment opportunities prevail, find mixed results. Using Mexican census data, I do not find evidence for negative employment ...

In: Labour Economics 72 (2021), 102048, 16 S. | Julia Schmieder
761 results, from 11