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SOEPpapers 1138 / 2021

Personality Maturation and Personality Relaxation: Differences of the Big Five Personality Traits in the Years around the Beginning and Ending of Working Life

Objective: At work, people are confronted with clear behavioral expectations. In line with the Social Investment Principle, the beginning and ending of working life might thus promote changes in personality traits that are relevant at work (e.g., Conscientiousness). Method: Based on the data from the Socio- Economic Panel Study (SOEP), we examined nuanced differences of the Big Five personality traits ...

2021| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
Diskussionspapiere 1957 / 2021

Culture, Children and Couple Gender Inequality

This paper examines how culture impacts within-couple gender inequality. Exploiting the setting of Germany's division and reunification, I compare child penalties of couples socialised in a more gender-egalitarian culture (East Germany) to those in a gender-traditional culture (West Germany). Using a household panel, I show that the long-run child penalty on the female income share is 26.9 percentage ...

2021| Jonas Jessen
SOEPpapers 1140 / 2021

On the Right Track? – The Role of Work Experience in Migrant Mothers’ Current Employment Probability

This paper investigates the role of work experience in migrant mothers’ current employment in Germany. Unlike previous papers, we focus on actual experience and add the motherhood aspect. To this end, we use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel 2013-2018 including the IAB-SOEP Migration Sample. Having immigrated to Germany and female sex are the two treatments of our sample of 491 migrant mothers, ...

2021| Christina Boll, Andreas Lagemann
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Panel Data in Research on Mobility and Migration: A Review of Recent Advances

Panel data has become the gold standard for causal assessments of complex human behaviour in quantitative social science. The objective of this review is to examine and discuss how panel data and related methods contribute to the identification of causal relationships in spatial mobility research. We illustrate this by providing a succinct overview of recent progress in spatial mobility research, drawing ...

In: Comparative Population Studies 46 (2021), S. 187-214 | Sergi Vidal, Philipp M. Lersch
DIW Weekly Report 13-16 / 2021

Child Health during the First Coronavirus Lockdown in Germany: Fewer Treatment Cases and Fewer Diagnoses of Infections

During the first coronavirus lockdown in Germany in spring 2020, treatment cases of children in outpatient care declined by up to 20 percent. As this study based on administrative diagnosis data of all statutory health insurance companies in Germany shows, there were significantly fewer physical diseases, such as infections, diagnosed in one to 12-year-old children in the second quarter of 2020 compared ...

2021| Mara Barschkett, C. Katharina Spieß
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Changes in Optimism and Pessimism in Response to Life Events: Evidence from Three Large Panel Studies

Although individuals vary in how optimistic they are about the future, one assumption that researchers make is that optimism is sensitive to changes in life events and circumstances. We examined how optimism and pessimism changed across the lifespan and in response to life events in three large panel studies (combined N = 74,886). In the American and Dutch samples, we found that optimism increased ...

In: Journal of Research in Personality 88 (2021), 103985, 14 S. | William J. Chopik, Jeewon Oh, Eric S. Kim, Ted Schwaba, Michael D. Krämer, David Richter, Jacqui Smith
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Non-migrants’ and Migrants’ Interethnic Relationships: The Third Party Role of Cohabiting Partners

Considering both non-migrant and migrant couples, this paper studies the effect of cohabiting life partners’ attitudes, resources, and social network compositions on their spouse’s interethnic friendships and acquaintances. Thus, partners are conceptualized as important “third parties” for interethnic relationship formation. Analysing representative German household panel data, I find that partner ...

In: Ethnic and Racial Studies (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2020-12-09] | Philipp Eisnecker
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Parental Well-Being in Times of Covid-19 in Germany

We examine the effects of Covid-19 and related restrictions on individuals with dependent children in Germany. We specifically focus on the role of day care center and school closures, which may be regarded as a “disruptive exogenous shock” to family life. We make use of a novel representative survey of parental well-being collected in May and June 2020 in Germany, when schools and day care centers ...

In: Review of Economics of the Household 19 (2021), 1, S. 91-122 | Sevrin Waights, C. Katharina Spiess, Gert G. Wagner, Nico A. Siegel, Mathias Huebener
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Coronavirus and Care: How the Coronavirus Crisis Affected Fathers’ Involvement in Germany

Background: Some have hypothesized that the coronavirus crisis may result in a retraditionalization of behaviour. This paper examines this hypothesis by analyzing how the time fathers and mothers spent with their children changed during the first lockdown in the case of Germany.Methods: Data for this investigation come from the German Socio-Economic Panel. The outcome variable is the time spent on ...

In: Demographic Research 44 (2021), Art. 4, S. 99-124 | Michaela Kreyenfeld, Sabine Zinn
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Analysing Effects of Birth Order on Intelligence, Educational Attainment, Big Five, and Risk Aversion in an Indonesian Sample

Few studies have examined birth order effects on personality in countries that are not Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic (WEIRD). However, theories have generally suggested that interculturally universal family dynamics are the mechanism behind birth order effects, and prominent theories such as resource dilutionwould predict even stronger linear effects in poorer countries. Here, ...

In: European Journal of Personality 35 (2021), 2, S. 234–248 | Laura J. Botzet, Julia M. Rohrer, Ruben Arslan
761 results, from 31