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758 results, from 11
Diskussionspapiere 1970 / 2021

Behavioral Barriers and the Socioeconomic Gap in Child Care Enrollment

Children with lower socioeconomic status (SES) tend to benefit more from early child care, but are substantially less likely to be enrolled. We study whether reducing behavioral barriers in the application process increases enrollment in child care for lower-SES children. In our RCT in Germany with highly subsidized child care (n > 600), treated families receive application information and personal ...

2021| Henning Hermes, Philipp Lergetporer, Frauke Peter, Simon Wiederhold
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Time Spent on School-Related Activities at Home During the Pandemic: A Longitudinal Analysis of Social Group Inequality Among Secondary School Students

Substantial educational inequalities have been documented in Germany for decades. In this article, we examine whether educational inequalities among children have increased or remained the same since the school closures of spring 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our perspective is longitudinal: We compare the amount of time children in secondary schools spent on school-related activities at home ...

In: Frontiers in Psychology (2021), Im Ersch. [online first: 2021-08-11] | Sabine Zinn, Michael Bayer
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Norms: Why and How Adolescent Males with Working Mothers Matter for Female Labour Market Outcomes

Social norms are put forward as a prominent explanation for the changing labour supply decisions of women. This paper studies the intergenerational transmission of these norms, examining how they affect subsequent female labour supply decisions, taking into account not only the early socialization of women but also that of their partner. Using large representative panel data sets from West Germany, ...

In: Socio-Economic Review (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-07-01] | Sophia Schmitz, C Katharina Spiess
Externe referierte Aufsätze

COVID-19 Associated Contact Restrictions in Germany: Marked Decline in Children’s Outpatient Visits for Infectious Diseases without Increasing Visits for Mental Health Disorders

Children have a low risk for severe COVID-19 infections, but indirect consequences of the pandemic may affect their health. We evaluated nationwide data on children’s outpatient visits before and during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. Data from the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians for all children with statutory health insurance and at least one physician’s ...

In: Children 8 (2021), 9, 728, 9 S. | Mara Barschkett, Berthold Koletzko, C. Katharina Spiess
DIW Weekly Report 34 / 2021

Childcare Workers Experience Many Stressors and Little Recognition

Childcare workers are essential for both families and society at large, and their working conditions and pay are often a topic of discussion. Using new data spanning until the end of 2019 from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) as well as a special SOEP additional survey in day care centers, this report shows how childcare workers view their occupation, day-to-day work, and pay. According to the data, ...

2021| Ludovica Gambaro, C. Katharina Spieß, Franz G. Westermaier
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Longitudinal Coupling of Momentary Stress Reactivity and Trait Neuroticism: Specificity of States, Traits, and Age Period

Personality traits like neuroticism show both continuity and change across adolescence and adulthood, with most pronounced changes occurring in young adulthood. It has been assumed, but insufficiently examined, that trait changes occur gradually over the years through the accumulation of daily experiences. The current longitudinal measurement burst study examined (a) how changes in average momentary ...

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-07-29] | Cornelia Wrzus, Gloria Luong, Gert G. Wagner, Michaela Riediger
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

Based on findings from high-income countries, typically economists hypothesize that having more children unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor market. Few studies on lower-income countries, in which low household wealth, informal child care, and informal employment opportunities prevail, find mixed results. Using Mexican census data, I do not find evidence for negative employment ...

In: Labour Economics 72 (2021), 102048, 16 S. | Julia Schmieder
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Leisure Activities as a Driver of Personality Development? A Random-Intercept Cross-lagged Panel Model Across 13 Years in Adulthood

Repeated experiences and activities drive personality development. Leisure activities are among the daily routines that may elicit personality change. Yet despite the important role they play in daily life, little is known about their prospective effects on personality traits and vice versa. The objective of this study was to examine the extent to which within-person changes in leisure activities lead ...

In: Collabra: Psychology 7 (2021), 1, 23473, 36 S. | Julia Sander, Paul Schumann, David Richter, Jule Specht
Diskussionspapiere 1957 / 2021

Culture, Children and Couple Gender Inequality

This paper examines how culture impacts within-couple gender inequality. Exploiting the setting of Germany's division and reunification, I compare child penalties of couples socialised in a more gender-egalitarian culture (East Germany) to those in a gender-traditional culture (West Germany). Using a household panel, I show that the long-run child penalty on the female income share is 26.9 percentage ...

2021| Jonas Jessen
SOEPpapers 1140 / 2021

On the Right Track? – The Role of Work Experience in Migrant Mothers’ Current Employment Probability

This paper investigates the role of work experience in migrant mothers’ current employment in Germany. Unlike previous papers, we focus on actual experience and add the motherhood aspect. To this end, we use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel 2013-2018 including the IAB-SOEP Migration Sample. Having immigrated to Germany and female sex are the two treatments of our sample of 491 migrant mothers, ...

2021| Christina Boll, Andreas Lagemann
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