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Gendered Employment Trajectories and Individual Wealth at Older Ages in Eastern and Western Germany

This study examines the association between employment trajectories and retired men’s and women’s individual wealth at older ages in the two distinct welfare state contexts of Eastern and Western Germany. Because of the increasing re-marketization of retirement provisions, wealth is becoming increasingly important for retirees’ economic well-being. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study ...

In: Advances in Life Course Research (2021), 100374, 11 S. | Theresa Nutz, Philipp A. Lersch
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Coronavirus and Care: How the Coronavirus Crisis Affected Fathers’ Involvement in Germany

Background: Some have hypothesized that the coronavirus crisis may result in a retraditionalization of behaviour. This paper examines this hypothesis by analyzing how the time fathers and mothers spent with their children changed during the first lockdown in the case of Germany.Methods: Data for this investigation come from the German Socio-Economic Panel. The outcome variable is the time spent on ...

In: Demographic Research 44 (2021), Art. 4, S. 99-124 | Michaela Kreyenfeld, Sabine Zinn
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Distributive Justice in Marriage: Experimental Evidence on Beliefs about Fair Savings Arrangements

Objective This study examines fairness perceptions of experimentally manipulated savings arrangements in couples (i.e., distribution of control and ownership of savings) to identify distributive justice principles in marriage.Background Theoretically, competing norms about individual ownership rights and autonomy (equity principle) and marital sharing (equality principle) in interaction with gender ...

In: Journal of Marriage and Family 83 (2021), 2, S. 516-533 | Daria Tisch, Philipp M. Lersch
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Closing Routes to Retirement for Women: How Do They Respond?

We study the employment effects of a large increase in the early retirement age (ERA) of women. Raising the ERA has the potential to extend contribution periods and to reduce the number of pensioners at the same time. However, workers may not be able to work longer or may choose other social support programs as exit routes from employment. Results suggest that the reform increases employment, unemployment ...

In: Journal of Human Resources 56 (2021), 1, S. 311-341 | Johannes Geyer, Clara Welteke

Sharing the Caring? The Gender Division of Care Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Germany

The COVID-19 pandemic and related closures of daycare centers and schools significantly increased the amount of care work done by parents. There is much speculation over whether the pandemic increased or decreased gender equality in parental care work. Based on representative data for Germany we present an empirical analysis that shows greater support for the latter rather than the former hypothesis. ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 22 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14457)
| Jonas Jessen, C. Katharina Spiess, Sevrin Waights, Katharina Wrohlich
SOEPpapers 1138 / 2021

Personality Maturation and Personality Relaxation: Differences of the Big Five Personality Traits in the Years around the Beginning and Ending of Working Life

Objective: At work, people are confronted with clear behavioral expectations. In line with the Social Investment Principle, the beginning and ending of working life might thus promote changes in personality traits that are relevant at work (e.g., Conscientiousness). Method: Based on the data from the Socio- Economic Panel Study (SOEP), we examined nuanced differences of the Big Five personality traits ...

2021| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht

A Gendered Look at Integration: The Employment of Immigrant Women and Men in Germany: Dissertation

Weltweit migrieren Männer und Frauen, ihre Arbeitsmarktintegration ist jedoch grundsätzlich verschieden. Erklärungen hierfür sind bislang unzureichend. Daher entwickelt diese Dissertation ein Konzept zu Migration, Geschlecht und Erwerbstätigkeit, dessen Kernargument ist, dass sich Geschlechterunterschiede über die Immigration reproduzieren. Die Papiere der Dissertation testen drei Mechanismen, die ...

Berlin: Humboldt-Univ., 2021, 227 S. | Magdalena Krieger
SOEPpapers 1149 / 2021

Working Time Mismatch and Job Satisfaction: The Role of Employees’ Time Autonomy and Gender

Evidence shows that working time mismatch, i.e. the difference between actual and desired working hours, is negatively related to employees’ job satisfaction. Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we examine the potential moderating effect of working time autonomy on this relation and we also consider the corresponding role of gender. First, individual fixed effects panel estimations ...

2021| Christian Grund, Katja Rebecca Tilkes
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Financial Literacy: Thai Middle-Class Women Do Not Lag Behind

This research studies the stylized fact of a “gender gap” in that women tend to have lower financial literacy than men. Our data which samples middle-class people from Bangkok does not show a gender gap for those with at least minimum wage earnings. This result is not explained by men’s low financial literacy, nor by women’s high income and good education. Rather, country characteristics may influence ...

In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance 31 (2021), 100537, 10 S. | Antonia Grohmann, Olaf Hübler, Roy Kouwenberg, Lukas Menkhoff
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Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

Based on findings from high-income countries, typically economists hypothesize that having more children unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor market. Few studies on lower-income countries, in which low household wealth, informal child care, and informal employment opportunities prevail, find mixed results. Using Mexican census data, I do not find evidence for negative employment ...

In: Labour Economics 72 (2021), 102048, 16 S. | Julia Schmieder
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