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578 results, from 461
SOEPpapers 293 / 2010

Changes in the Gender Wage Gap in Germany during a Period of Rising Wage Inequality 1999-2006: Was it Discrimination in the Returns to Human Capital?

In this article I analyze the changes in the gender wage gap in the western region, eastern region and in reunified Germany during the period 1999 - 2006. I use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and implement two alternative decomposition methodologies; the Juhn, Murphy and Pierce (1991) decomposition, and a methodology that totally differences the Oaxaca-Blinder (1973) decomposition, found ...

2010| Usamah Fayez Al-Farhan
FINESS Working Papers 6.1 / 2009

Risk Attitudes and Investment Decisions across European Countries: Are Women More Conservative Investors than Men?

This study questions the popular stereotype that women are more risk averse than men in their financial investment decisions. The analysis is based on micro-level data from large-scale surveys of private households in five European countries. In our analysis of investment decisions, we directly account for individuals' self-perceived willingness to take financial risks. The empirical evidence we provide ...

2009| Oleg Badunenko, Nataliya Barasinska, Dorothea Schäfer
SOEPpapers 250 / 2009

Personality and Career: She's Got What It Takes

The female share in management positions is quite low in Germany. The higher the hierarchical level, the fewer women there are in such positions. Men have numerous role models to follow whereas women lack this opportunity: In the executive boards of the top 200 private companies in Germany, only 2.5 percent of members are female. Many studies have focused on the influence of human capital and other ...

2009| Simon Fietze, Elke Holst, Verena Tobsch
SOEPpapers 216 / 2009

The Justice of Earnings in Dual-Earner Households

The rise in female labor market participation and the growth of "atypical" employment arrangements has, over the last few decades, brought about a steadily decreasingpercentage of households in which the man is the sole breadwinner, and a rising percentage of dual-earner households. Against this backdrop, the present paper investigates the impact of household contexts in which the traditional male ...

2009| Stefan Liebig, Carsten Sauer, Jürgen Schupp
SOEPpapers 213 / 2009

Duration of Maternity Leave in Germany: A Case Study of Nonparametric Hazard Models and Penalized Splines

The paper investigates maternity leave behavior in West Germany for females being employed between 1995 and 2006 using data from the German Socio Economic Panel. The observational study focuses on the investigation of individual and family-related covariate effects on the duration of maternity leave following first or second childbirth, respectively. Dynamic duration time models are used in which covariate ...

2009| Torben Kuhlenkasper, Göran Kauermann
Diskussionspapiere 928 / 2009

Risk Attitudes and Investment Decisions across European Countries: Are Women More Conservative Investors than Men?

This study questions the popular stereotype that women are more risk averse than men in their financial investment decisions. The analysis is based on micro-level data from large-scale surveys of private households in five European countries. In our analysis of investment decisions, we directly account for individuals' self-perceived willingness to take financial risks. The empirical evidence we provide ...

2009| Oleg Badunenko, Nataliya Barasinska, Dorothea Schäfer
Diskussionspapiere 936 / 2009

Gender Differences in Entrepreneurial Choice and Risk Aversion: A Decomposition Based on a Microeconometric Model

Why are female entrepreneurs so rare? Women have both to a lower entry rate into selfemployment and a higher exit rate in Germany. To explain the gender gap, a structural microeconometric model of the transition rates is estimated, which includes a standard risk aversion parameter. As inputs into the model, the expected value and variance of earnings from self-employment and dependent employment are ...

2009| Frank M. Fossen
SOEPpapers 226 / 2009

Marital Risk, Family Insurance, and Public Policy

The present paper aims to quantify the growth and welfare consequences of changing family structures in western societies. For this reason we develop a dynamic general equilibrium model with both genders which takes into account changes of the marital status as a stochastic process. Individuals respond to these shocks by adjusting savings and labor supply. Our quantitative results indicate that the ...

2009| Hans Fehr, Manuel Kallweit, Fabian Kindermann
SOEPpapers 162 / 2009

The Role of Psychological Traits for the Gender Gap in Full-Time Employment and Wages: Evidence from Germany

This paper shows that differences in various non-cognitive traits, specifically the "big five", positive and negative reciprocity, locus of control and risk aversion, contribute to gender inequalities in wages and employment. Using the 2004 and 2005 waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel, evidence from regression and decomposition techniques suggests that gender differences in psychological traits ...

2009| Nils Braakmann
SOEPpapers 161 / 2009

Female Labor Supply and Parental Leave Benefits: The Causal Effect of Paying Higher Transfers for a Shorter Period of Time

We study the labor supply effects of a change in child-subsidy policy designed to both increase fertility and shorten birth-related employment interruptions. The reform yields most of the intended effects.

2009| Annette Bergemann, Regina T. Riphahn
578 results, from 461
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