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Externe referierte Aufsätze

Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

Based on findings from high-income countries, typically economists hypothesize that having more children unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor market. Few studies on lower-income countries, in which low household wealth, informal child care, and informal employment opportunities prevail, find mixed results. Using Mexican census data, I do not find evidence for negative employment ...

In: Labour Economics 72 (2021), 102048, 16 S. | Julia Schmieder
SOEPpapers 1128 / 2021

Happiness, Domains of Life Satisfaction, Perceptions, and Valuation Differences across Genders

Happiness is strongly associated with goal attainment, productivity, mental health and suicidal risk. This paper examines the effect of satisfaction with areas of life on subjective well-being (SWB), the importance of relative perceptions compared to absolute measures in predicting overall life satisfaction, and differences in the domains of life which have the greatest impact on happiness of men and ...

2021| Stefani Milovanska-Farrington, Stephen Farrington
SOEPpapers 1131 / 2021

Shared Parenting and Parents’ Income Evolution after Separation: New Explorative Insights from Germany

Based on panel data from 1997 to 2018, we investigate the socioeconomic preconditions and economic consequences of ‘shared parenting (SP)’ forms in Germany. Referring to the post-separation year, we build SP groups from information on child residence and fathers’ childcare hours during a regular weekday. We explore the short-term gender and SP group associations with economic well-being as well as, ...

2021| Christina Boll, Simone Schüller
SOEPpapers 1134 / 2021

Why Time Cannot Heal All Wounds: Personal Wealth Trajectories of Divorced and Married Men and Women

Amid concerns of long-term economic consequences of divorce, cross-sectional research illustrated that ever-divorce men but particularly women hold less per capita wealth than continuously married spouses in older age. Using a longitudinal approach and unique personal-level wealth data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, the present study aims to understand how divorce stratifies men’s and ...

2021| Nicole Kapelle
DIW Weekly Report 3/4 / 2021

Number of Women on Boards of Large Firms Increasing Slowly; Legal Requirements Could Provide Momentum

The proportion of women on the boards of large companies in Germany continued to increase during 2020. In the fourth quarter of 2020, there were 101 female executive board members in the 200 largest companies, seven more than in 2019. However, growth was slow, as it was in some of the other groups of companies as well: The proportion of women on the executive boards of the top 200 companies (around ...

2021| Anja Kirsch, Katharina Wrohlich
DIW Weekly Report 3/4 / 2021

Gender Diversity Benefits Supervisory Board Work of Many Companies

Over the past years, the proportion of women on the supervisory boards of major companies in Germany has increased. As this second report in the DIW Women Executives Barometer 2021 shows, this has a meaningful, positive impact on the supervisory boards of many companies, and affects interactions between members, discussions, and decision-making. These findings are based on qualitative interviews with ...

2021| Anja Kirsch, Katharina Wrohlich

A Firm-Side Perspective on Parental Leave

Motherhood and parental leave interrupt employment relationships, likely imposing costs on firms. We document that mothers who are difficult to replace internally take shorter leave and that their firms hire replacements more often. Introducing more generous parental leave benefits erases the link between mothers' internal replaceability and their leave duration. In firms with few internal substitutes ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 51 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14478)
| Mathias Huebener, Jonas Jessen, Daniel Kühnle, Michael Oberfichtner

Cracking under Pressure? Gender Role Attitudes toward Maternal Employment in Times of a Pandemic

This paper studies the effects of Covid-19 related daycare and school closures on gender role attitudes toward maternal employment in Germany. We compare women and men with dependent children to those without children one year after the outbreak of the pandemic. Using data on gender role attitudes from 2008 through 2021, we find that fathers' egalitarian attitudes toward maternal employment dropped ...

Bonn: IZA, 2021, 64 S.
(Discussion Paper Series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 14471)
| Natalia Danzer, Mathias Huebener, Astrid Pape, C. Katharina Spieß, Nico A. Siegel, Gert G. Wagner
Weitere Aufsätze

Gleiche Erbchancen für Frauen und Männer? Zur geschlechtsspezifischen Bedeutung von Erbschaften für die Alterssicherung

In Deutschland bestehen ein Gender-Pay-Gap, ein Gender-Wealth-Gap und ein Gender-Pension-Gap zuungunsten von Frauen. Ziel dieses Beitrags ist erstens zu untersuchen, obzudem ein Gender-Inheritance-Gap vorliegt, also Männer und Frauen ungleiche Erbchancenhaben. Zweitens wird untersucht, ob Erbschaften für die Alterssicherung von Frauenund Männern gleichermaßen von Bedeutung sind. Datengrundlage ist ...

In: Deutsche Rentenversicherung (2021), 3, S. 236-251 | Claudia Vogel, Kira Baresel, Heike Eulitz, Uwe Fachinger, Markus M. Grabka, Christoph Halbmeier, Harald Künemund, Alberto Lozano Alcántara
Externe referierte Aufsätze

COVID-19: a Crisis of the Female Self-Employed

We investigate how the economic consequences of the pandemic and the government-mandated measures to contain its spread affect the self-employed — particularly women — in Germany. For our analysis, we use representative, real-time survey data in which respondents were asked about their situation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings indicate that among the self-employed, who generally face a higher ...

In: Journal of Population Economics 34 (2021), S. 1141–1187 | Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
578 results, from 51