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637 results, from 511
  • Diskussionspapiere 1072 / 2010

    Who Does What in a Household after Genocide? Evidence from Rwanda

    This paper investigates the determinants of intra-household time allocation in post-war Rwanda. A decade after the 1994 genocide, Rwanda still bears the demographic impact of the war, in which at least 800,000 people died and the majority of casualties were adult males. The paper explores two unique features: exogenous variation in household types and large variation in regional cohort-specific sex ...

    2010| Kati Schindler
  • SOEPpapers 293 / 2010

    Changes in the Gender Wage Gap in Germany during a Period of Rising Wage Inequality 1999-2006: Was it Discrimination in the Returns to Human Capital?

    In this article I analyze the changes in the gender wage gap in the western region, eastern region and in reunified Germany during the period 1999 - 2006. I use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and implement two alternative decomposition methodologies; the Juhn, Murphy and Pierce (1991) decomposition, and a methodology that totally differences the Oaxaca-Blinder (1973) decomposition, found ...

    2010| Usamah Fayez Al-Farhan
  • Diskussionspapiere 1094 / 2010

    Does Gender Affect Funding Success at the Peer-to-Peer Credit Markets? Evidence from the Largest German Lending Platform

    Studies of peer-to-peer lending in the USA find that female borrowers have better chances of getting funds than males. Is differential treatment of borrowers of different sexes a common feature of peer-to-peer lendingmarkets or is it subject to specific businessmodels, ways of fixing loan contracts and even national financial systems? We aim at answering this question by providing evidence on loan ...

    2010| Nataliya Barasinska, Dorothea Schäfer
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Kinship Institutions and Sex Ratios in India

    This article explores the relationship between kinship institutions and sex ratios in India at the turn of the twentieth century. Because kinship rules vary by caste, language, religion, and region, we construct sex ratios by these categories at the district level by using data from the 1901 Census of India for Punjab (North), Bengal (East), and Madras (South). We find that the male-to-female sex ratio ...

    In: Demography 47 (2010), 4, S. 989-1012 | Tanika Chakraborty, Sukkoo Kim
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    A Multi-state Model of State Dependence in Labor Supply: Intertemporal Labor Supply Effects of a Shift from Joint to Individual Taxation

    In this paper I develop an intertemporal discrete choice model of female labor supply to analyze the effects of true state dependence and its effect on labor supply behavior over time. The estimation results show that state dependence is significantly positive at the extensive margin and lower but in general still significant at the intensive margin. I apply this model to study the short and long run ...

    In: Labour Economics 17 (2010), 2, S. 323-335 | Peter Haan
  • Diskussionspapiere 1037 / 2010

    Income and Longevity Revisited: Do High-Earning Women Live Longer?

    The empirical relationship between income and longevity has been addressed by a large number of studies, but most were confined to men. In particular, administrative data from public pension systems are less reliable for women because of the loose relationship between own earnings and household income. Following the procedure first used by Hupfeld (2010), we analyze a large data set from the German ...

    2010| Friedrich Breyer, Jan Marcus
  • Diskussionspapiere 1042 / 2010

    Job Flows, Demographics and the Great Recession

    The recession the United States economy entered in December of 2007 is considered to be the most severe downturn the country has experienced since the Great Depression. The unemployment rate reached as high as 10.1 percent in October 2009 - the highest we have seen since the 1982 recession. In this paper we examine the severity of this recession compared to those in the past by examining worker flows ...

    2010| Eva Sierminska, Yelena Takhtamanova
  • Weekly Report 1 / 2010

    Investments: Women Are More Cautious than Men because They Have Less Financial Resources at Their Disposal

    Experts on investments and financial products assume that women are less amenable to risks and therefore put their money into secure investment products. A current study conducted by the DIW Berlin (German Institute for Economic Research) challenges this view. The study demonstrates that men and women are equally likely to take a chance on risky investments - assuming that they have the same financial ...

    2010| Oleg Badunenko, Nataliya Barasinska, Dorothea Schäfer
  • SOEPpapers 307 / 2010

    Personality and Marital Surplus

    This paper uses data from the German Socio-economic Panel Study to examine the relationship between psychological traits, in particular personality, and the formation and dissolution of marital and cohabiting partnerships. Changing patterns of selection into and out of relationships indicate that the determinants of marital surplus have altered between older cohorts who were born in the years after ...

    2010| Shelly Lundberg
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Optimal Taxation: The Design of Child-Related Cash- and In-Kind-Benefits

    In this paper, we empirically derive the welfare function that guarantees that the current German tax and transfer system for single women is optimal. In particular, we compare the welfare function conditional on the presence and age of children and assess how recent reforms of in-kind childcare transfers affect the welfare function. Our analysis is based on a discrete model of optimal taxation. We ...

    In: German Economic Review 11 (2010), 3, S. 278-301 | Peter Haan, Katharina Wrohlich
637 results, from 511