SOEPpapers 223 / 2009
Using German panel data from 1984 to 2007, we analyze the impact of labor division between husband and wife on the risk of divorce. Gary Becker's theory of marriage predicts that specialization in domestic and market work, respectively, reduces the risk of separation. Traditionally, the breadwinner role is assigned to the husband, however, female labor force participation and their wages have risen ...
2009| Kornelius Kraft, Stefanie Neimann
SOEPpapers 224 / 2009
This study questions the popular stereotype that women are more risk averse than men in their financial investment decisions. The analysis is based on micro-level data from large-scale surveys of private households in five European countries. In our analysis of investment decisions, we directly account for individuals' self-perceivedwillingness to take financial risks. The empirical evidence we provide ...
2009| Oleg Badunenko, Nataliya Barasinska, Dorothea Schäfer
SOEPpapers 160 / 2009
Die hier referierte Untersuchung hat zum Ziel, die Auswirkungen von Erwerbsunterbrechungen von Frauen im Zusammenhang mit der Geburt ihres ersten Kindes auf die Lohnentwicklung der Frau in ihrem weiteren Erwerbsverlauf zu berechnen. Auf Basis dieser Ergebnisse sollen sowohl ein Erklärungsbeitrag zum Fertilitätsverhalten deutscher Frauen geleistet als auch Ansatzpunkte für familienpolitische Instrumente ...
2009| Christina Boll
SOEPpapers 158 / 2009
The aim of this paper is to show possible consequences of changes in labor force participation of women and the connection between fertility and labor force participation on the future demographic and economic development in Germany. For this purpose a projection model based on micro-data covering the population development as well as the development of the labor force is computed for different scenarios, ...
2009| Christian Dudel
SOEPpapers 162 / 2009
This paper shows that differences in various non-cognitive traits, specifically the "big five", positive and negative reciprocity, locus of control and risk aversion, contribute to gender inequalities in wages and employment. Using the 2004 and 2005 waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel, evidence from regression and decomposition techniques suggests that gender differences in psychological traits ...
2009| Nils Braakmann
SOEPpapers 161 / 2009
We study the labor supply effects of a change in child-subsidy policy designed to both increase fertility and shorten birth-related employment interruptions. The reform yields most of the intended effects.
2009| Annette Bergemann, Regina T. Riphahn
Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science
This paper examines whether financial institutions discriminate against entrepreneurs on the basis of gender. Using the cross-country Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS), we find some evidence that, compared to male-managed counterparts, female-managed firms are less likely to obtain a bank loan. In addition, our analysis suggests that female entrepreneurs are charged higher ...
Journal of Comparative Economics
37 (2009), 2, S. 270-286
| Alexander Muravyev, Dorothea Schäfer, Oleksandr Talavera
Referierte Aufsätze Web of Science
This paper analyzes the influence of child health and maternal physical and mental health on female labor force participation after childbirth in Germany. Our analysis is based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study, which enables us to measure child health based on the occurrence of severe health problems including mental and physical disabilities, hospitalizations, and preterm ...
Journal of Comparative Family Studies
40 (2009), 1, S. 119-138
| C. Katharina Spieß, Annalena Dunkelberg
SOEPpapers 178 / 2009
In contrast to unemployment, the effect of non-participation and parttime employment on subjective well-being has much less frequently been the subject of economists' investigations. In Germany, many women with dependent children are involuntarily out of the labor force or in part-time employment because of family constraints (e.g., due to lack of available and appropriate childcare). Using data from ...
2009| Eva M. Berger
SOEPpapers 187 / 2009
Occupational sex segregation is a persistent source of social inequalities. The increasing participation of women in tertiary education and rising female employment rates, however, have given hope that gender inequalities will decline as a result of growing female opportunities for high skill employment in the service sector, e.g. the professions. This paper asks whether such optimistic accounts are ...
2009| Kathrin Leuze, Allessandra Rusconi