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636 results, from 11
  • DIW Weekly Report 7 / 2024

    Expanding Long-term Care Insurance Could Reduce the Gender Care Gap in Germany

    In many European countries, men and women differ significantly in the amount of informal care work they provide for relatives, with women acting as caregivers far more frequently than men. This difference, known as the gender care gap, varies considerably between European countries, with Germany somewhere in the middle of the distribution. This Weekly Report analyzes the institutional, societal, and ...

    2024| Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan, Mia Teschner
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Sexual Jokes and Conversations at the Workplace and Their Relation to Employee Well-Being: Results from a Longitudinal Study

    Ambient social sexual behaviour at work refers to sexual jokes and conversations at the workplace. Prior cross-sectional studies indicate that this behaviour is relatively widespread and tends to be associated with negative well-being. We revisit this research by investigating the outcomes of sexual jokes and conversations at work after 1 year in a comparatively large employee sample. The perceived ...

    In: Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology (2024), im Ersch. [online first: 2024-01-22] | Sabine Hommelhoff, David Richter, Susanne Scheibe
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Heterogeneous Effects of Social Assistance and Unemployment Insurance: Evidence from a Life-Cycle Model of Family Labor Supply and Savings

    We empirically analyze the heterogeneous welfare effects of unemployment insurance and social assistance. We estimate a structural life-cycle model of singles' and married couples' labor supply and savings decisions. The model includes heterogeneity by age, education, wealth, sex and household composition. In aggregate, social assistance dominates unemployment insurance; however, the opposite holds ...

    In: American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics 16 (2024), 2, S.127–181 | Peter Haan, Victoria Prowse
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Immigration, Female Labour Supply and Local Cultural Norms

    We study the local evolution of female labour supply and cultural norms in West Germany in reaction to the sudden presence of East Germans who migrated to the West after reunification. These migrants grew up with high rates of maternal employment, whereas West German families mostly followed the traditional breadwinner-housewife model. We find that West German women increase their labour supply and ...

    In: The Economic Journal 134 (2024), 659, S. 1146–1172 | Jonas Jessen, Sophia Schmitz, Felix Weinhardt
  • Diskussionspapiere 2079 / 2024

    Does Gender of Firm Ownership Matter? Female Entrepreneurs and the Gender Pay Gap

    We examine how the gender of business-owners is related to the wages paid to female relative to male employees working in their firms. Using Finnish register data and employing firm fixed effects, we find that the gender pay gap is – starting from a gender pay gap of 11 to 12 percent - two to three percentage-points lower for hourly wages in female-owned firms than in maleowned firms. Results are robust ...

    2024| Alexander S. Kritikos, Mika Maliranta, Veera Nippala, Satu Nurmi
  • Data Documentation 107 / 2024

    DIW Women Executives Barometer: Method Report and Codebook for the Waves 2015-2024

    2024| Virginia Sondergeld, Katharina Wrohlich
  • Externe Monographien

    Does Gender of Firm Ownership Matter? Female Entrepreneurs and the Gender Pay Gap

    We examine how the gender of business-owners is related to the wages paid to female relative to male employees working in their firms. Using Finnish register data and employing firm fixed effects, we find that the gender pay gap is – starting from a gender pay gap of 11 to 12 percent - two to three percentage-points lower for hourly wages in female-owned firms than in maleowned firms. Results are robust ...

    2024, 39 S.
    (GLO Discussion Paper Series ; 1422)
    | Alexander S. Kritikos, Mika Maliranta, Veera Nippala, Satu Nurmi
  • Diskussionspapiere 2076 / 2024

    The Women in Economics Index - Monitoring Women Economists' Representation in Leadership Positions

    We contribute to the research on gender representation in economics by documenting the share of women among economists in a variety of leadership positions in the academic, but also in the private and public sectors, both globally and by region. For the years 2019 to 2023, we find women economists’ representation overall to be low in all sectors and no clear-cut trends over time. In academia, we find ...

    2024| Jana Schuetz, Virginia Sondergeld, Insa Weilage
  • DIW Weekly Report 3 / 2024

    Share of Women on the Executive Boards of Large Companies Has Increased, but Generally Is at Most One Woman

    The number of women serving on the executive boards of large companies in Germany once again increased in 2023: Around 18 percent (153 of 875) of executive board members at the 200 largest companies were women as of late fall 2023, two percentage points higher than in 2022. Thus, growth has slightly picked up again. In some of the groups of companies analyzed, the figure was even higher. Around 23 ...

    2024| Virginia Sondergeld, Katharina Wrohlich, Anja Kirsch
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Examining Double Standards in Layoff Preferences and Expectations for Gender, Age, and Ethnicity When Violating the Social Norm of Vaccination

    Whether vaccination refusal is perceived as a social norm violation that affects layoff decisions has not been tested. Also unknown is whether ascribed low-status groups are subject to double standards when they violate norms, experiencing stronger sanctions in layoff preferences and expectations, and whether work performance attenuates such sanctioning. Therefore, we study layoff preferences and expectations ...

    In: Scientific Reports 14 (2024), 39, 14 S. | Cristóbal Moya, Sebastian Sattler, Shannon Taflinger, Carsten Sauer
636 results, from 11
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