Topic Gender

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550 results, from 31
SOEPpapers 1138 / 2021

Personality Maturation and Personality Relaxation: Differences of the Big Five Personality Traits in the Years around the Beginning and Ending of Working Life

Objective: At work, people are confronted with clear behavioral expectations. In line with the Social Investment Principle, the beginning and ending of working life might thus promote changes in personality traits that are relevant at work (e.g., Conscientiousness). Method: Based on the data from the Socio- Economic Panel Study (SOEP), we examined nuanced differences of the Big Five personality traits ...

2021| Eva Asselmann, Jule Specht
Diskussionspapiere 1957 / 2021

Culture, Children and Couple Gender Inequality

This paper examines how culture impacts within-couple gender inequality. Exploiting the setting of Germany's division and reunification, I compare child penalties of couples socialised in a more gender-egalitarian culture (East Germany) to those in a gender-traditional culture (West Germany). Using a household panel, I show that the long-run child penalty on the female income share is 26.9 percentage ...

2021| Jonas Jessen
SOEPpapers 1140 / 2021

On the Right Track? – The Role of Work Experience in Migrant Mothers’ Current Employment Probability

This paper investigates the role of work experience in migrant mothers’ current employment in Germany. Unlike previous papers, we focus on actual experience and add the motherhood aspect. To this end, we use data from the German Socio-Economic Panel 2013-2018 including the IAB-SOEP Migration Sample. Having immigrated to Germany and female sex are the two treatments of our sample of 491 migrant mothers, ...

2021| Christina Boll, Andreas Lagemann
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Who Are the Essential and Frontline Workers?

In: Business Economics 56 (2021), S. 168–178 | Francine D. Blau, Josefine Koebe, Pamela A. Meyerhofer
SOEPpapers 1141 / 2021

Pension Wealth and the Gender Wealth Gap

We examine the gender wealth gap with a focus on pension wealth and statutory pension rights. By taking into account employment characteristics of women and men, we are able and identify the extent to which the redistributive effect of pension rights reduces the gap. The empirical basis of this examination is the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), which is one of the few datasets where information on wealth ...

2021| Karla Cordova, Markus M. Grabka, Eva Sierminska
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Coronavirus and Care: How the Coronavirus Crisis Affected Fathers’ Involvement in Germany

Background: Some have hypothesized that the coronavirus crisis may result in a retraditionalization of behaviour. This paper examines this hypothesis by analyzing how the time fathers and mothers spent with their children changed during the first lockdown in the case of Germany.Methods: Data for this investigation come from the German Socio-Economic Panel. The outcome variable is the time spent on ...

In: Demographic Research 44 (2021), Art. 4, S. 99-124 | Michaela Kreyenfeld, Sabine Zinn
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Gender and Changes in Household Wealth after the Dissolution of Marriage and Cohabitation in Germany

Objective: To document how changes in household wealth following the dissolution of marriage and cohabitation differ by gender in Germany.Background: Marital property regimes usually prescribe that both partners receive a share of the couple's wealth following a divorce. The dissolution of cohabiting unions is not governed by marital property regimes in most countries, including Germany. Because men, ...

In: Journal of Marriage and Family 83 (2021), 1, S. 228-242 | Diederik Boertien, Philipp M. Lersch
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Distributive Justice in Marriage: Experimental Evidence on Beliefs about Fair Savings Arrangements

Objective This study examines fairness perceptions of experimentally manipulated savings arrangements in couples (i.e., distribution of control and ownership of savings) to identify distributive justice principles in marriage.Background Theoretically, competing norms about individual ownership rights and autonomy (equity principle) and marital sharing (equality principle) in interaction with gender ...

In: Journal of Marriage and Family 83 (2021), 2, S. 516-533 | Daria Tisch, Philipp M. Lersch
SOEPpapers 1150 / 2021

The Role of Personality for Gender Gaps in Political Interest and Activity

Women have been found to be, on average, less interested in politics and less politically active than men, which might reduce the representation of women’s interests in a democracy. In order to enhance the understanding of these gender gaps, this preregistered study analyzes the role of personality differences for gender gaps in political interest and activity.I use a large representative sample of ...

2021| Adam Ayaita

Causes and Consequences of Educational Attainment and Household Decisions: Six Essays in Applied Microeconomics

Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin, 2021, XXVII, 346 S. | Jan Berkes
550 results, from 31