Topic Gender

84 results, from 1
Diskussionspapiere 1882 / 2020

Fertility as a Driver of Maternal Employment

Based on findings from high-income countries, typically economists hypothesize that having more children unambiguously decreases the time mothers spend in the labor mar- ket. Few studies on lower-income countries, in which low household wealth, informal child care, and informal employment opportunities prevail, find mixed results. Using Mexican census data, I find a positive effect of an instrument-induced ...

2020| Julia Schmieder
DIW Weekly Report 10 / 2020

The Gender Pay Gap Begins to Increase Sharply at Age of 30

The gender pay gap increases with age: While the average gross hourly wage gap between male and female 30-year-olds is nine percent, the gap triples to 28 percent by the age of 50. This stark increase is due to differences in employment behavior in the decades between the ages of 30 and 50. Beginning at age 30, women often switch to part-time work to be able to provide childcare, whereas men tend to ...

2020| Annekatrin Schrenker, Aline Zucco
DIW Weekly Report 4/5 / 2020

Boards of Major German Companies Are Gradually Changing: Editorial

2020| Anja Kirsch, Katharina Wrohlich
DIW Weekly Report 4/5 / 2020

Proportion of Women on Top-Decision Making Bodies of Large Companies Increasing, except on Supervisory Boards in the Financial Sector

The share of women on executive boards of large companies in Germany has increased somewhat more strongly than in previous years. The top 200 companies reached the ten percent mark for the first time: women held 14 more board positions than in the previous year, 94 out of 907. Growth was also somewhat more dynamic on the executive boards of the largest listed companies and companies with government- ...

2020| Anja Kirsch, Katharina Wrohlich
Diskussionspapiere 1847 / 2020

Parental Leave Reform and Long-Run Earnings of Mothers

Paid parental leave schemes have been shown to increase women's employment rates but decrease their wages in case of extended leave durations. In view of these potential trade-offs, many countries are discussing the optimal design of parental leave policies. We analyze the impact of a major parental leave reform on mothers' long-term earnings. The 2007 German parental leave reform replaced a means-tested ...

2020| Corinna Frodermann, Katharina Wrohlich, Aline Zucco
SOEPpapers 1070 / 2020

Selection into Employment and the Gender Wage Gap across the Distribution and over Time

Using quantile regression methods, this paper analyses the gender wage gap across the wage distribution and over time (1990-2014), while controlling for changing sample selection into full-time employment. Our findings show that the selection-corrected gender wage gap is much larger than the one observed in the data, which is mainly due to large positive selection of women into full-time employment. ...

2020| Patricia Gallego Granados, Katharina Wrohlich
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Does Subsidized Care for Toddlers Increase Maternal Labor Supply?

Expanding public or publicly subsidized childcare has been a top social policy priority in many industrialized countries. It is supposed to increase fertility, promote children’s development and enhance mothers’ labor market attachment. In this paper, we analyze the causal effect of one of the largest expansions of subsidized childcare for children up to three years among industrialized countries on ...

In: Labour Economics 62 (2020), 1017763, 18 S. | Kai-Uwe Müller, Katharina Wrohlich
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Closing Routes to Retirement for Women: How Do They Respond?

We study the employment effects of a large increase in the early retirement age (ERA) of women. Raising the ERA has the potential to extend contribution periods and to reduce the number of pensioners at the same time. However, workers may not be able to work longer or may choose other social support programs as exit routes from employment. Results suggest that the reform increases employment, unemployment ...

In: Journal of Human Resources (2020), im Ersch. [online first: 2019-04-10] | Johannes Geyer, Clara Welteke
DIW Weekly Report 13 / 2020

STEM Careers: Workshops Using Role Model Can Reduce Gender Stereotypes

Women continue to be underrepresented in STEM occupations (science, technology, engineering, and math). Based on a survey among secondary school students in Vienna, we show, for instance, that girls’ career aspirations, interests, and self-assessed skills in STEM fields are related to gender stereo- types. Parents also play a crucial role in this context. Further results indicate that a half-day career ...

2020| Katharina Drescher, Simone Häckl, Julia Schmieder
DIW Weekly Report 4/5 / 2020

More Women on Supervisory Boards: Increasing Indications That the Effect of the Gender Quota Extends to Executive Boards

The statutory gender quota for supervisory boards is effective: the proportion of women on supervisory boards has increased over the past years, especially in the companies subject to the quota. But is the quota creating trickle-down effects for executive boards? As the second part of the DIW Berlin Women Executives Barometer, this report analyzes whether a relationship between the growth of the proportion ...

2020| Anja Kirsch, Katharina Wrohlich
84 results, from 1