Topic Health

clear
423 results, from 11
Dossiers

Corona-Pandemic

Researchers at DIW Berlin are taking a closer look at the economic effects of the ongoing 2020 coronavirus pandemic. Here you can find all DIW Berlin publications on the consequences of the pandemic, which are leaving deep marks on not only the global and German economies, but also on society itself.

20.11.2020
Research Project

The Spread of the Coronavirus in Germany: Socio-Economic Factors and Consequences (SOEP-CoV)

How is the corona pandemic affecting people in Germany and what economic and social impacts will it have in the years to come? SOEP-CoV, a joint project of SOEP and the University of Bielefeld, aims at answering these questions. On the one hand, the project is investigating how the corona crisis is changing everyday life in Germany and how people are dealing with the situation. On the other hand,...

Current Project| German Socio-Economic Panel study
Brown Bag Seminar Industrial Economics

Battling Antibiotic Resistance: Can Machine Learning Improve Prescribing?

Abstract:  Antibiotic misuse due to prescribing under diagnostic uncertainty is a leading driver of antibiotic resistance. We investigate the magnitude and mechanisms by which machine learning predictions can enable policies that reduce antibiotic misuse. Building on predictions from administrative data on urinary tract infections in Denmark, we evaluate counterfactual policies that replace...

14.02.2020| Hannes Ullrich
SOEPpapers 1101 / 2020

The Value of Health - Empirical Issues when Estimating the Monetary Value of a QALY Based on Well-Being

Cost-utility analysis compares the monetary cost of health interventions to the associated health consequences expressed using quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). At whichthreshold the ratio of both is still acceptable is a highly contested issue. Obtaining societal valuations of the monetary value of a QALY can help in setting such threshold values but it remains methodologically challenging. A recent ...

2020| Sebastian Himmler, Jannis Stöckel, Job van Exel, Werner Brouwer
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Is Healthy Neuroticism Associated with Health Behaviors? A Coordinated Integrative Data Analysis

Current literature suggests that neuroticism is positively associated with maladaptive life choices, likelihood of disease, and mortality. However, recent research has identified circumstances under which neuroticism is associated with positive outcomes. The current project examined whether “healthy neuroticism”, defined as the interaction of neuroticism and conscientiousness, was associated with the ...

In: Collabra: Psychology 6 (2020), 1, Art. 32, 18 S. | Eileen K. Graham, Sara J. Weston, Nicholas A. Turiano, Damaris Aschwanden, Tom Booth, Fleur Harrison, Bryan D. James, Nathan A. Lewis, Steven R. Makkar, Swantje Mueller, Kristi M. Wisniewski, Tomiko Yoneda, Ruixue Zhaoyang, Avron Spiro, Sherry Willis, K. Warner Schaie, Martin Sliwinski, Richard A. Lipton, Mindy J. Katz, Ian J. Deary, Elizabeth M. Zelinski, David A. Bennett, Perminder S. Sachdev, Henry Brodaty, Julian N. Trollor, David Ames, Margaret J. Wright, Denis Gerstorf, Mathias Allemand, Johanna Drewelies, Gert G. Wagner, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Andrea M. Piccinin, Scott M. Hofer, Daniel K. Mroczek
SOEPpapers 1088 / 2020

Drinking is Different! Examining the Role of Locus of Control for Alcohol Consumption

Unhealthy behavior can be extremely costly from a micro- and macroeconomic perspective and exploring the determinants of such behavior is highly important from an economist’s point of view. We examine whether locus of control (LOC) can explain alcohol consumption as an important domain of health behavior. LOC measures how much an individual believes in the causal relationship between her own actions ...

2020| Marco Caliendo, Juliane Hennecke
DIW Roundup 137 / 2020

Why Are We Eating so Much Meat?

There are various reasons why humans may want to reduce their consumption of meat and other animal products. In the following, we lay out important stylized facts about individual meat consumption, and then discuss the challenges and puzzles surrounding effective behavior change toward more sustainable, plant-based diets.

2020| Jana Friedrichsen, Manja Gärtner
SOEPpapers 1108 / 2020

Covid-19: A Crisis of the Female Self-Employed

We investigate how the economic consequences of the pandemic, and of the government-mandated measures to contain its spread, affected the self-employed relative to employed individuals in Germany and, secondly, to what extent the female self-employed were more strongly hit than their male counterparts. For our analysis, we use representative real-time survey data in which respondents were asked about ...

2020| Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
Diskussionspapiere 1918 / 2020

Common Ownership in the US Pharmaceutical Industry: A Network Analysis

We investigate patterns in common ownership networks between firms that are active in the US pharmaceutical industry for the period 2004-2014. Our main findings are that “brand firms” — i.e. firms that have R&D capabilities and launch new drugs — exhibit relatively dense common ownership networks with each other that further increase significantly in density over time, whereas the network of “generic ...

2020| Albert Banal-Estanol, Melissa Newham, Jo Seldeslachts
SOEPpapers 1110 / 2020

In Sickness and in Health? Health Shocks and Relationship Breakdown: Empirical Evidence from Germany

From an economic perspective, marriage and long-term partnership can be seen as a risk-pooling device. This informal insurance contract is, however, not fully enforceable. Each partner is free to leave when his or her support is needed in case of an adverse life event. An adverse health shock is a prominent example for such events. Since relationship breakdown itself is an extremely stressful experience, ...

2020| Christian Bünnings, Lucas Hafner, Simon Reif, Harald Tauchmann
423 results, from 11