Topic Health

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423 results, from 21
Diskussionspapiere 1911 / 2020

Machine Predictions and Human Decisions with Variation in Payoffs and Skills

Human decision-making differs due to variation in both incentives and available information. This generates substantial challenges for the evaluation of whether and how machine learning predictions can improve decision outcomes. We propose a framework that incorporates machine learning on large-scale administrative data into a choice model featuring heterogeneity in decision maker payoff functions ...

2020| Michael Allan Ribers, Hannes Ullrich
Diskussionspapiere 1903 / 2020

COVID-19: A Crisis of the Female Self-Employed

We investigate how the economic consequences of the pandemic, and of the government-mandated measures to contain its spread, affected the self-employed relative to employed individuals in Germany and, secondly, to what extent the female self-employed were more strongly hit than their male counterparts. For our analysis, we use representative, real-time survey data where respondents are asked about ...

2020| Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
Diskussionspapiere 1902 / 2020

Health of Elderly Parents, Their Children's Labor Supply, and the Role of Migrant Care Workers

We estimate the impact of parental health on adult children’s labor market outcomes. We focus on health shocks which increase care dependency abruptly. Our estimation strategy exploits the variation in the timing of shocks across treated families. Empirical results based on Austrian administrative data show a significant negative impact on labor market activities of children. This effect is more pronounced ...

2020| Wolfgang Frimmel, Martin Halla, Jörg Paetzold, Julia Schmieder
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Is Healthy Neuroticism Associated with Chronic Conditions? A Coordinated Integrative Data Analysis

Current literature suggests that neuroticism is positively associated with maladaptive life choices, likelihood of disease, and mortality. However, recent research has identified circumstances under which neuroticism is associated with positive outcomes. The current project examined whether “healthy neuroticism”, defined as the interaction of neuroticism and conscientiousness, was associated with the ...

In: Collabra: Psychology 6 (2020), 1, Art. 42, 16 S. | Sara J. Weston, Eileen K. Graham, Nicholas A. Turiano, Damaris Aschwanden, Tom Booth, Fleur Harrison, Bryan D. James, Nathan A. Lewis, Steven R. Makkar, Swantje Mueller, Kristi M. Wisniewski, Tomiko Yoneda, Ruixue Zhaoyang, Avron Spiro, Johanna Drewelies, Gert G. Wagner, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Ilja Demuth, Sherry Willis, K. Warner Schaie, Martin Sliwinski, Richard A. Lipton, Mindy Katz, Ian J. Deary, Elizabeth M. Zelinski, David A. Bennett, Perminder S. Sachdev, Henry Brodaty, Julian N. Troller, David Ames, Margaret J. Wright, Denis Gerstorf, Mathias Allemand, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Andrea M. Piccinin, Scott M. Hofer, Daniel K. Mroczek
SOEPpapers 1107 / 2020

Industrial Robots, Workers’ Safety, and Health

This study explores the relationship between the adoption of industrial robots and workplace injuries using data from the United States (US) and Germany. Our empirical analyses, based on establishment-level data for the US, suggest that a one standard deviation increase in robot exposure reduces work-related injuries by approximately 16%. These results are driven by manufacturing firms (–28%), while ...

2020| Rania Gihleb, Osea Giuntella, Luca Stella, Tianyi Wang
DIW focus 6 / 2020

US and EU Secure Vaccine Production on Home Soil

The deployment of a safe and effective vaccine for Covid-19 will be central to lifting containment measures. In a bid to speed up vaccine deployment, governments are entering into ‘Advance Purchase Agreements’ (APAs) with vaccine companies to secure access to vaccine doses. We document and compare the vaccine procurement strategies of the US and the EU. Most notably, we find that both the US and the ...

2020| Jan Malek, Melissa Newham, Jo Seldeslachts, Marcel Wieting
SOEPpapers 1096 / 2020

Coronavirus & Care: How the Coronavirus Crisis Affected Fathers’ Involvement in Germany

Background: As a response to the spread of the coronavirus in Germany, day care centres and schools closed nationwide, leaving families to grapple with additional child care tasks. In Germany, as in many other societies, women shoulder the lion’s share of housework and child care responsibilities. While the gendered division of household labour has shifted in recent years as men have become more engaged ...

2020| Michaela Kreyenfeld, Sabine Zinn, Theresa Entringer, Jan Goebel, Markus M. Grabka, Daniel Graeber, Martin Kroh, Hannes Kröger, Simon Kühne, Stefan Liebig, Carsten Schröder, Jürgen Schupp, Johannes Seebauer
Diskussionspapiere 1879 / 2020

I Am Innocent: Hourly Variations in Air Pollution and Crime Behavior

I posit that hourly changes in air pollution affect criminality through two distinct pathways, via physiological effects on the criminal and by changes in the tightness of the market for criminal activities. To disentangle individual from market effects, I develop a behavioral model of the individual decision to transgress and a model of search-and-matching frictions between criminals and crime opportunities. ...

2020| Luis Sarmiento
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Time to Care? The Effects of Retirement on Informal Care Provision

This paper analyzes the impact of women's retirement on their informal care provision. Using SOEP data, we address fundamental endogeneity problems by exploiting variation in the German pension system in two complementary ways. We find a significant effect of retirement on informal care provision, when using early retirement age thresholds as instruments. Heterogeneity analyses confirm the underlying ...

In: Journal of Health Economics 73 (2020), 102350 | Björn Fischer, Kai-Uwe Müller
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Using Difference-in-Differences to Identify Causal Effects of COVID-19 Policies

Policymakers have implemented a wide range of non-pharmaceutical interventions to fight the spread of COVID-19. Variation in policies across jurisdictions and over time strongly suggests a difference-in-differences (DD) research design to estimate causal effects of counter-COVID measures. We discuss threats to the validity of these DD designs and make recommendations about how researchers can avoid ...

In: Survey Research Methods 14 (2020), 2, S. 153-158 | Andrew Goodman-Bacon, Jan Marcus
423 results, from 21