Topic Survey Methodology and Data-Science

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1327 results, from 21
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Nonparametric Regression with Selectively Missing Covariates

We consider the problem of regression with selectively observed covariates in a nonparametric framework. Our approach relies on instrumental variables that explain variation in the latent covariates but have no direct effect on selection. The regression function of interest is shown to be a weighted version of observed conditional expectation where the weighting function is a fraction of selection ...

In: Journal of Econometrics 223 (2021), 1, S. 28-52 | Christoph Breunig, Peter Haan
SOEPpapers 1120 / 2021

The Child Penalty: Implications of Parenthood on Labour Market Outcomes for Men and Women in Germany

Whilst gender inequality has been falling in the developed world, child-related gender inequality in pay has stayed constant. In this paper I use German panel data spanning across 33 years from 1984 until 2017 including over 50,000 individuals. The main contribution of this paper is the analysis of the effect of parenthood on women’s and men’s earnings using propensity score matching. I estimate the ...

2021| Charlotte H. Feldhoff
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The Challenged Sense of Belonging Scale (Csbs): a Validation Study in English, Arabic, and Farsi/Dari among Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Germany

This study introduces and investigates the validity of a brief scale measuring a challenged sense of belonging. The sense of belonging as well as challenges to this sense are important, albeit neglected aspects of social integration and of significance to migration and refugee studies as well as to virtually all other social science contexts. Assessing a challenged or eroded sense of belonging provides ...

In: Measurement Instruments for the Social Sciences 3 (2021), 3, 16 S. | Lukas M. Fuchs, Jannes Jacobsen, Lena Walther, Eric Hahn, Thi Minh Tam Ta, Malek Bajbouj, Christian von Scheve
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Using a Mobile App When Surveying Highly Mobile Populations: Panel Attrition, Consent, and Interviewer Effects in a Survey of Refugees

Panel attrition poses major threats to the survey quality of panel studies. Many features have been introduced to keep panel attrition as low as possible. Based on a random sample of refugees, a highly mobile population, we investigate whether using a mobile phone application improves address quality and response behavior. Various features, including geo-tracking, collecting email addresses and adress ...

In: Social Science Computer Review 39 (2021), 4, S. 721-743 | Jannes Jacobsen, Simon Kühne
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All-Pay Competition with Captive Consumers

We study a game in which two firms compete in quality to serve a market consisting of consumers with different initial consideration sets. If both firms invest below a certain threshold, they only compete for those consumers already aware of their existence. Above this threshold, a firm is visible to all and the highest investment attracts all consumers. On the one hand, the existence of initially ...

In: International Journal of Industrial Organization 75 (2021), 102709, 19 S. | Renaud Foucart, Jana Friedrichsen
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Web-Based and Mixed-Mode Cognitive Large-Scale Assessments in Higher Education: An Evaluation of Selection Bias, Measurement Bias, and Prediction Bias

Educational large-scale studies typically adopt highly standardized settings to collect cognitive data on large samples of respondents. Increasing costs alongside dwindling response rates in these studies necessitate exploring alternative assessment strategies such as unsupervised web-based testing. Before respective assessment modes can be implemented on a broad scale, their impact on cognitive measurements ...

In: Behavior Research Methods 53 (2021), 3, S. 1202–1217 | Sabine Zinn, Uta Landrock, Timo Gnambs
Diskussionspapiere 1964 / 2021

Income Business Cycles

Using a wide variety of business cycle dating and filtering techniques, this paper documents the cyclical behavior of the post-tax income distribution in the US. First, all incomes are cyclical and co-move with the business cycle. Second, lower and higher income individuals experience significantly larger fluctuations across the business cycle than middle-income individuals. Third, these fluctuations ...

2021| Geraldine Dany-Knedlik, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Sandra Pasch
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Discounting Behavior in Problem Gambling

Problem gamblers discount delayed rewards more rapidly than do non-gambling controls. Understanding this impulsivity is important for developing treatment options. In this article, we seek to make two contributions: First, we ask which of the currently debated economic models of intertemporal choice (exponential versus hyperbolic versus quasi-hyperbolic) provides the best description of gamblers’ discounting ...

In: Journal of Gambling Studies (2021), im Ersch. [online first: 2021-07-16] | Patrick Ring, Catharina C. Probst, Levent Neyse, Stephan Wolff, Christian Kaernbach, Thilo van Eimeren, Ulrich Schmidt
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Extending the Kitagawa–Oaxaca–Blinder Decomposition Approach to Panel Data

The Kitagawa–Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition approach has been widely used to attribute group-level differences in an outcome to differences in endowment, coefficients, and their interactions. The method has been implemented for Stata in the popular oaxaca command for cross-sectional analyses. In recent decades, however, research questions have been more often focused on the decomposition of group-based ...

In: The Stata Journal 21 (2021), 2, S. 360-410 | Hannes Kröger, Jörg Hartmann
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Corruption and Cheating: Evidence from Rural Thailand

This study tests the prediction that perceived corruption reduces ethical behavior. Integrating a standard “cheating” experiment into a broad household survey in rural Thailand, we find tentative support for this prediction: respondents who perceive corruption in state affairs are more likely to cheat and, thus, to fortify the negative consequences of corruption. Interestingly, there is a small group ...

In: World Development 145 (2021), 105526, 15 S. | Olaf Hübler, Melanie Koch, Lukas Menkhoff, Ulrich Schmidt
1327 results, from 21
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