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Externe referierte Aufsätze

Distributional Impacts of Carbon Pricing: A Meta-Analysis

Understanding the distributional impacts of market-based climate policies is crucial to design economically efficient climate change mitigation policies that are socially acceptable and avoid adverse impacts on the poor. Empirical studies that examine the distributional impacts of carbon pricing and fossil fuel subsidy reforms in different countries arrive at ambiguous results. To systematically determine ...

In: Environmental & Resource Economics 78 (2021), 1, S. 1-42 | Nils Ohlendorff, Michael Jakob, Jan Christoph Minx, Carsten Schröder, Jan Christoph Steckel
DIW Weekly Report 27/28 / 2021

Real Estate Taxation Reform: Tax Land Values, Abolish Privileges

Real estate is taxed at comparatively low rates in Germany, with primarily the affluent benefiting from numerous existing tax privileges. This Weekly Report describes the current state of real estate taxation in Germany and outlines reform proposals that could increase tax revenue, improve the efficiency of the tax system, and reduce wealth and income inequality. In the case of property tax, value-based ...

2021| Stefan Bach, Sebastian Eichfelder
SOEPpapers 1141 / 2021

Pension Wealth and the Gender Wealth Gap

We examine the gender wealth gap with a focus on pension wealth and statutory pension rights. By taking into account employment characteristics of women and men, we are able and identify the extent to which the redistributive effect of pension rights reduces the gap. The empirical basis of this examination is the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), which is one of the few datasets where information on wealth ...

2021| Karla Cordova, Markus M. Grabka, Eva Sierminska
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Housing Rent Dynamics and Rent Regulation in St. Petersburg (1880–1917)

This article studies housing rents in St. Petersburg from 1880 to 1917, covering an eventful period of Russian and world history. Digitizing over 5000 rental advertisements, we construct a state-of-the-art index – the first pre-war and pre-Soviet market data index for any Russian city. In 1915, a rent control and tenant protection policy was introduced in response to soaring prices following the outbreak ...

In: Explorations in Economic History 81 (2021), 101398, 30 S. | Konstantin A. Kholodilin, Leonid E. Limonov, Sofie R. Waltl
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Panel Data in Research on Mobility and Migration: A Review of Recent Advances

Panel data has become the gold standard for causal assessments of complex human behaviour in quantitative social science. The objective of this review is to examine and discuss how panel data and related methods contribute to the identification of causal relationships in spatial mobility research. We illustrate this by providing a succinct overview of recent progress in spatial mobility research, drawing ...

In: Comparative Population Studies 46 (2021), S. 187-214 | Sergi Vidal, Philipp M. Lersch
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Early Retirement as a Privilege for the Rich? A Comparative Analysis of Germany and Switzerland

This contribution analyses early retirement in Germany and Switzerland with a focus on financial resources. Using data from CH-SILC linked to administrative records and the German SOEP, we distinguish three different financial resources: namely, pre-retirement labour income, net worth and pension entitlements. High labour income reduces the probability for early retirement. In contrast, high pension ...

In: Advances in Life Course Research 47 (2021), 100392, 10 S. | Ursina Kuhn, Markus M. Grabka, Christian Suter
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Nonparametric Regression with Selectively Missing Covariates

We consider the problem of regression with selectively observed covariates in a nonparametric framework. Our approach relies on instrumental variables that explain variation in the latent covariates but have no direct effect on selection. The regression function of interest is shown to be a weighted version of observed conditional expectation where the weighting function is a fraction of selection ...

In: Journal of Econometrics 223 (2021), 1, S. 28-52 | Christoph Breunig, Peter Haan
Externe referierte Aufsätze

The Impact of Economic Uncertainty, Precarious Employment, and Risk Attitudes on the Transition to Parenthood

This study investigates how precarious employment throughout the life course affects the fertility behavior of men and women in Germany, and how risk attitudes moderate exposure to objectively given uncertainty. Analyzing data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study from 1990 to 2015, I find that men and women have become quite similar in their fertility behavior: Stable employment accelerates ...

In: Advances in Life Course Research 47 (2021), 100402, 14 S. | Christian Schmitt
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Wealth of Children from Single-Parent Families: Low Levels and High Inequality in Germany

Families’ economic wealth is a resource that can provide children with crucial advantages early in their lives. Prior research identified substantial variation of wealth levels between different family types with children from single-parent families being most disadvantaged. The causes of this disadvantage, how much the disadvantage varies between children and how the non-resident parents’ wealth may ...

In: Journal of European Social Policy 31 (2021), 5, S. 565–579 | Philipp M. Lersch, Markus M. Grabka, Kilian Rüß, Carsten Schröder
DIW Weekly Report 49-52 / 2021

Universal Capital Endowment and Wealth Taxes Could Reduce Wealth Inequality

Wealth is very unequally distributed in Germany. To effect a long-term reduction, the new Federal Government could focus on more effectively promoting home ownership, supplementary retirement provision, and other precautionary savings. However, a universal capital endowment could decrease wealth inequality much more rapidly and successfully. In this report, a universal capital endowment of up to 20,000 ...

2021| Stefan Bach
948 results, from 51