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165 results, from 11
  • Diskussionspapiere 2046 / 2023

    Women in Management and the Gender Pay Gap

    We analyze the impact of women’s managerial representation on the gender pay gap among employees on the establishment level using German Linked-Employer-Employee- Data from the years 2004 to 2018. For identification of a causal effect we employ a panel model with establishment fixed effects and industry-specific time dummies. Our results show that a higher share of women in management significantly ...

    2023| Virginia Sondergeld, Katharina Wrohlich
  • DIW Weekly Report 23 / 2023

    Facilitating the Transport and Heating Transition: Strengthen Carbon Pricing, Introduce a Climate Dividend, and Reduce Adaptation Costs

    Despite the easing of prices on the energy markets, private households continue to be burdened by elevated prices. The planned increase the planned increase in the carbon price for transport and heating will raise the burden on private households even further. These additional costs are unequally distributed and have a regressive effect, as poor households must spend much more relative to their net ...

    2023| Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei, Lars Felder, Peter Haan
  • Diskussionspapiere 2040 / 2023

    The Heterogeneous Effects of Social Assistance and Unemployment Insurance: Evidence from a Life-Cycle Model of Family Labor Supply and Savings

    We empirically analyze the heterogeneous welfare effects of unemployment insurance and social assistance. We estimate a structural life-cycle model of singles' and married couples' labor supply and savings decisions. The model includes heterogeneity by age, education, wealth, sex and household composition. In aggregate, social assistance dominates unemployment insurance; however, the opposite holds ...

    2023| Peter Haan, Victoria Prowse
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Effect of Increasing Retirement Age on Households’ Savings and Consumption Expenditure

    This paper examines how households adjust their savings and consumption expenditure in response to an anticipated increase in the early retirement age (ERA). We examine the 1999 pension reform in Germany, which increased the ERA for women born after 1951 by at least three years. First, we present suggestive evidence that women update their retirement planning in response to the reform. Using the German ...

    In: Journal of Public Economics 221 (2023), 104845, 17 S. | Stefan Etgeton, Björn Fischer, Han Ye
  • DIW Weekly Report 9 / 2023

    Gender Care Gap and Gender Pay Gap Increase Substantially until Middle Age

    While the gender pay gap between men and women in Germany remains at 18 percent, this figure is not the same for all employees. There are, for example, major differences by age. Beginning at age 30, the gender pay gap increases sharply and remains constantly high at 20 percent until retirement. Closely related to this is the gender care gap, the difference in unpaid care work between women and men. ...

    2023| Clara Schäper, Annekatrin Schrenker, Katharina Wrohlich
  • DIW Weekly Report 17/18 / 2023

    Reform of Reduced Earning Capacity Pension Cuts Risk of Poverty, but Comes Late

    Ein Unfall, eine chronische Erkrankung oder auch eine angeborene Behinderung sind häufige Ursachen für den Verlust der Erwerbsfähigkeit. Der Wegfall des Erwerbseinkommens wird zwar durch die Erwerbsminderungsrente in der gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung versichert. Diese Rente ist aber so niedrig, dass Erwerbsgeminderte einem sehr hohen Armutsrisiko ausgesetzt sind und überdurchschnittlich häufig Leistungen ...

    2023| Sebastian Becker, Annica Gehlen, Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan
  • Externe Monographien

    The Effect of Pension Wealth on Employment

    This study provides novel evidence about the pension wealth elasticity of employment. For the identification we exploit reform-induced variation of pension wealth that is related to the number of children but which does not affect the implicit tax rate of employment. We use a difference-in-differences estimator based on administrative data from the German pension insurance and find that, on average, ...

    London: IFS, 2023, 49 S.
    (IFS Working Papers ; 23/01)
    | Sebastian Becker, Hermann Buslei, Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan
  • Diskussionspapiere 2031 / 2023

    Causal Misperceptions of the Part-Time Pay Gap

    This paper studies if workers infer from correlation about causal effects in the context of the part-time wage penalty. Differences in hourly pay between full-time and part-time workers are strongly driven by worker selection and systematic sorting. Ignoring these selection effects can lead to biased expectations about the consequences of working part-time on wages (’selection neglect bias’). Based ...

    2023| Annekatrin Schrenker
  • DIW Weekly Report 7 / 2023

    Midijob Reform: Increased Redistribution in Pension Insurance – Noticeable Costs, Relief Not Well Targeted

    The German Federal Government has expanded subsidies for employees with low gross wages (midijob employees) as of January 1, 2023, and raised the upper earnings limit to 2,000 euros. As a result, around 6.2 million midijob employees will benefit from paying reduced social security contributions while still receiving their full pension entitlements, made possible by a redistribution within the social ...

    2023| Hermann Buslei, Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan
  • Diskussionspapiere 2032 / 2023

    Effectiveness and Heterogeneous Effects of Purchase Grants for Electric Vehicles

    We evaluate German purchase subsidies for battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) using data on new vehicle registrations in Germany during 2015-2022. We account for confounding time trends and interacting EU-level CO2 standards using neighboring countries as a control group. The program was cost-ineffective, as only 40% of BEV and 25% of PHEV registrations were ...

    2023| Peter Haan, Adrián Santonja, Aleksandar Zaklan
165 results, from 11
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