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1088 results, from 21
  • Diskussionspapiere 2031 / 2023

    Causal Misperceptions of the Part-Time Pay Gap

    This paper studies if workers infer from correlation about causal effects in the context of the part-time wage penalty. Differences in hourly pay between full-time and part-time workers are strongly driven by worker selection and systematic sorting. Ignoring these selection effects can lead to biased expectations about the consequences of working part-time on wages (’selection neglect bias’). Based ...

    2023| Annekatrin Schrenker
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Can a Federal Minimum Wage Alleviate Poverty and Income Inequality? Ex-post and Simulation Evidence from Germany

    Minimum wages are increasingly discussed as an instrument against (in-work) poverty and income inequality in Europe. Just recently the German government opted for a substantial ad-hoc increase of the minimum-wage level to euro12 per hour mentioning poverty prevention as an explicit goal. We use the introduction of the federal minimum wage in Germany in 2015 to study its redistributive impact on disposable ...

    In: Journal of European Social Policy 33 (2023), 2, S. 216-232 | Teresa Backhaus, Kai-Uwe Müller
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Parental Leave Policy and Long-run Earnings of Mothers

    Paid parental leave schemes have been shown to increase women’s employment rates but to decrease their wages in case of extended leave duration. In view of these potential trade-offs, many countries are discussing the optimal design of parental leave policies. We analyze the impact of a major parental leave reform on mothers’ long-term earnings. The 2007 German parental leave reform replaced a means-tested ...

    In: Labour Economics 80 (2023), 102296, 13 S. | Corinna Frodermann, Katharina Wrohlich, Aline Zucco
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Accounting for Pension Wealth, the Missing Rich and Under-coverage: A Comprehensive Wealth Distribution for Germany

    This study constructs a comprehensive wealth distribution for Germany to inform debate in Germany and internationally on the distribution of wealth including pension entitlements. We estimate the net present value of pension wealth in Germany in 2012 and 2017 using Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) data. When including pension wealth, German households’ wealth-income ratio increases from 570% to 850% in ...

    In: Economics Letters 231 (2023), 111299, 5 S. | Charlotte Bartels, Timm Bönke, Rick Glaubitz, Markus M. Grabka, Carsten Schröder
  • Other refereed essays

    Assessing the Effects of District-Level Segregation on Meritocratic Beliefs in Germany

    In recent years, researchers have grappled with the phenomenon that public demand for redistribution has not systematically increased in response to rising inequality. Meritocratic beliefs have been suggested as an explanation for this observation, because they can help legitimize inequalities. Past research has identified local-level inequality, segregation, or diversity as important factors for how ...

    In: Social Sciences 12 (2023), 7, 376, 29 S. | Nicole Oetke, Maria Norkus, Jan Goebel
  • Diskussionspapiere 2044 / 2023

    A HANK2 Model of Monetary Unions

    How does a monetary union alter the impact of business cycle shocks at the household level? We develop a Heterogeneous Agent New Keynesian model of two countries (HANK2) and show in closed form that a monetary union shifts the adjustment to a shock horizontally—across countries—within the brackets of the union-wide wealth distribution rather than vertically—that is, across the brackets of the union-wide ...

    2023| Christian Bayer, Alexander Kriwoluzky, Gernot J. Müller, Fabian Seyrich
  • DIW Weekly Report 43/44 / 2023

    New DIW Berlin Model Can Nowcast the Current Income Distribution; Inequality Likely to Slightly Increase in 2023

    The unequal distribution of labor income in Germany is a hotly debated topic among policymakers and the general public alike. However, the relevant data for calculating the distribution is usually available with a delay of sometimes over two years. Accordingly, previous studies have only been about the past, not the current, distribution. Generally, the current development of the income distribution ...

    2023| Timm Bönke, Geraldine Dany-Knedlik, Laura Pagenhardt
  • Externe Monographien

    Essays in Applied Economics

    This dissertation consists of five independent chapters contributing to the field of applied economics. The first three chapters analyze workers' perceptions of the wage penalty associated with working part-time, further evaluating the labor supply implications of biased beliefs. Chapter 4 quantifies the effects of raising the normal retirement age on the career trajectories of middle-aged workers ...

    Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin, 2023, 281 S. | Annekatrin Schrenker
  • Externe Monographien

    (Unintended) Consequences of Social and Family Policies on Health and Well-Being: Five Essays in Health and Family Economics

    Diese Dissertation besteht aus fünf unabhängigen Kapiteln, die einen Beitrag zur Literatur im Bereich der Gesundheits- und Familienökonomie leisten. Das Hauptthema ist die Frage, wie sich sozial- und familienpolitische Maßnahmen auf die Gesundheit und das Wohlbefinden von verschiedenen Generationen - Kindern, Eltern und Großeltern - auswirken.Kapitel 2 analysiert den kausalen Effekt einer Anhebung ...

    Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin, 2023, XXV, 320 S. | Mara Barschkett
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Causal Misperceptions of the Part-time Pay Gap

    In this paper, we analyze if an increase in the working life leads to more human capital investment via on-the-job training. We obtain RDD-estimates from a sharp date-of-birth cut-off, generated by a pension reform that increased the Early Retirement Age (ERA) by three years for many women in Germany. In our preferred specification, we find that this reform causally increased on-the-job training by ...

    In: Labour Economics 83 (2023), 102396, 13 S. | Terese Backhaus, Clara Schäper, Annekatrin Schrenker
1088 results, from 21
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