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1091 results, from 41
  • Diskussionspapiere 2040 / 2023

    The Heterogeneous Effects of Social Assistance and Unemployment Insurance: Evidence from a Life-Cycle Model of Family Labor Supply and Savings

    We empirically analyze the heterogeneous welfare effects of unemployment insurance and social assistance. We estimate a structural life-cycle model of singles' and married couples' labor supply and savings decisions. The model includes heterogeneity by age, education, wealth, sex and household composition. In aggregate, social assistance dominates unemployment insurance; however, the opposite holds ...

    2023| Peter Haan, Victoria Prowse
  • Other refereed essays

    Assessing the Effects of District-Level Segregation on Meritocratic Beliefs in Germany

    In recent years, researchers have grappled with the phenomenon that public demand for redistribution has not systematically increased in response to rising inequality. Meritocratic beliefs have been suggested as an explanation for this observation, because they can help legitimize inequalities. Past research has identified local-level inequality, segregation, or diversity as important factors for how ...

    In: Social Sciences 12 (2023), 7, 376, 29 S. | Nicole Oetke, Maria Norkus, Jan Goebel
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Atypical Work, Financial Assets, and Asset Poverty in Germany

    This study investigates how atypical employment (i.e., part-time, temporary work, mini-jobs) affects workers' ability to accumulate financial assets and exposes them to asset poverty in Germany. Asset poverty occurs when household financial resources (e.g., bank deposits and stock equity) are insufficient to live at the income poverty line for three months. Previously, studies on labour market processes ...

    In: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 85 (2023), 100803, 11 S. | Claudia Colombarolli, Philipp M. Lersch
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Assortative Mating and Wealth Inequalities between and within Households

    Positive assortative mating may be a driver of wealth inequalities, but this relationship has not yet been examined. We investigate the association between assortative mating and wealth inequality within and between households drawing on data from the United States Survey of Income and Program Participation and measuring current, individual-level wealth for newly formed couples (N = 3936 couples). ...

    In: Social Forces 102 (2023), 2, S. 454–474 | Philipp M. Lersch, Reinhard Schunck
  • DIW Weekly Report 17/18 / 2023

    Reform of Reduced Earning Capacity Pension Cuts Risk of Poverty, but Comes Late

    Ein Unfall, eine chronische Erkrankung oder auch eine angeborene Behinderung sind häufige Ursachen für den Verlust der Erwerbsfähigkeit. Der Wegfall des Erwerbseinkommens wird zwar durch die Erwerbsminderungsrente in der gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung versichert. Diese Rente ist aber so niedrig, dass Erwerbsgeminderte einem sehr hohen Armutsrisiko ausgesetzt sind und überdurchschnittlich häufig Leistungen ...

    2023| Sebastian Becker, Annica Gehlen, Johannes Geyer, Peter Haan
  • DIW Weekly Report 21 / 2023

    Strong Support for a Universal Basic Income, in Particular among Those Who Would Benefit

    A representative survey from August 2022 confirms public support for a universal basic income (UBI): Between 45 and 55 percent of respondents are in favor of a universal basic income and the unconditional financial security it promises. Two representative surveys from August 2022 investigate who exactly UBI supporters are and which UBI model they prefer. The surveys show that younger people in particular ...

    2023| Marius R. Busemeyer, Adrian Rinscheid, Jürgen Schupp
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Inequity Z: Income Fairness Perceptions in Europe across the Income Distribution

    Using data from the European Social Survey, we examine income fairness evaluations of 17,605 respondents from 28 countries. Respondents evaluated the fairness of their own incomes as well as the fairness of the incomes of the top and bottom income deciles in their countries. Depicted on a single graph, these income fairness evaluations take on a Z-shaped form, which we call the "inequity Z". The inequity ...

    In: Socius (2023), 9, S. 1-3 | Fabian Kalleitner, Sandra Bohmann
  • SOEPpapers 1188 / 2023

    Intergenerational Scars: The Impact of Parental Unemployment on Individual Health Later in Life

    This paper studies whether individuals that experienced parental unemployment during their childhood/early adolescence have poorer health once they reach the adulthood. We used data from the German Socio-Economic Panel from 2002 until 2018. Our identification strategy of the causal effect of parental unemployment relied on plant closures as exogenous variation of the individual labor market condition. ...

    2023| Michele Ubaldi, Matteo Picchio
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    Gender Gaps in Early Wage Expectations

    Using detailed data from a unique survey of high school graduates in Germany, we document a gender gap in expected full-time earnings of more than 15%. We decompose this early gender gap and find that especially differences in coefficients help explain different expectations. In particular, the effects of having time for family as career motive and being first-generation college student are associated ...

    In: Economics of Education Review 94 (2023), 102398, 14 S. | Andreas Leibing, Frauke Peter, Sevrin Waights, C. Katharina Spieß
  • Refereed essays Web of Science

    The Price of Natural Gas Dependency: Price Shocks, Inequality, and Public Policy

    The 2022 natural gas price spikes across Europe raised concerns regarding their distributional consequences. This paper investigates the distributional effect of price increases between and, in particular, within different income groups in Germany, accounting for different determinants of gas expenditures. The study finds that low-income households are affected the most by the gas price increase. Low-income ...

    In: Energy Policy 175 (2023), 113472, 17 S. | Mats Kröger, Maximlian Longmuir, Karsten Neuhoff, Franziska Schütze
1091 results, from 41
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