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DIW Weekly Report 40 / 2021

20 Years of the Riester Pension - Personal Retirement Provision Requires Reform

Introduced 20 years ago as a part of the 2001 pension reform, the Riester pension is meant to function as an essential component of the German pension system with the aim of compensating for decreasing public pensions. However, data collected by the SOEP show that this objective has not yet been achieved. For ten years, use of the Riester pension plan has been stagnating at around 25 percent of the ...

2021| Johannes Geyer, Markus M. Grabka, Peter Haan
SOEPpapers 1147 / 2021

How Causal Is Separation? Lessons Learnt from Endogenous Switching Regression Models for Single Mothers’ Economic Strain in Germany

Single mothers often experience precarious financial conditions. However, it is not fully understood to what extent separation is the cause of these conditions versus being their consequence. Estimating an endogenous switching regression model based on a sample of 626 separated and 5,525 non-separated mothers drawn from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) 1984-2018, we disentangle the roles of causation ...

2021| Antonia Birkeneder, Christina Boll
SOEPpapers 1145 / 2021

Worrying about Work? Disentangling the Relationship between Economic Insecurity and Mental Health

Literature encompassing economic insecurity and its relationship with mental health has increased significantly in recent years. While the association of job insecurity and mental health has been researched extensively, less is known about the general relationship between economic insecurity and mental health. This paper analyses the simultaneous influence of six different economic insecurity indicators ...

2021| Paul Fiedler
Diskussionspapiere 1967 / 2021

Zooming in on Monetary Policy - The Labor Share and Production Dynamics of Two Million Firms

Conditional on a contractionary monetary policy shock, the labor share of value added is expected to decrease in the basic New Keynesian model. By providing firm-level evidence, we are first to validate this proposition. Using local projections and high dimensional fixed effects, we show that a one standard deviation contractionary monetary policy shock decreases firms' labor share by 0.4 percent, ...

2021| Jan Philipp Fritsche, Lea Steininger
Diskussionspapiere 1962 / 2021

Risky Asset Holdings during Covid-19 and Their Distributional Impact: Evidence from Germany

We present evidence from a repeated survey on risky asset holdings carried out on a representative sample of the German population six times between April and June 2020. Given the size of the Covid-19 shock, we find little evidence of portfolio rebalancing in April 2020. In May, however, individual investors started buying heavily, fueling market recovery. The cross-section shows large differences ...

2021| Lukas Menkhoff, Carsten Schröder
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Extending the Kitagawa–Oaxaca–Blinder Decomposition Approach to Panel Data

The Kitagawa–Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition approach has been widely used to attribute group-level differences in an outcome to differences in endowment, coefficients, and their interactions. The method has been implemented for Stata in the popular oaxaca command for cross-sectional analyses. In recent decades, however, research questions have been more often focused on the decomposition of group-based ...

In: The Stata Journal 21 (2021), 2, S. 360-410 | Hannes Kröger, Jörg Hartmann
Externe referierte Aufsätze

Panel Data in Research on Mobility and Migration: A Review of Recent Advances

Panel data has become the gold standard for causal assessments of complex human behaviour in quantitative social science. The objective of this review is to examine and discuss how panel data and related methods contribute to the identification of causal relationships in spatial mobility research. We illustrate this by providing a succinct overview of recent progress in spatial mobility research, drawing ...

In: Comparative Population Studies 46 (2021), S. 187-214 | Sergi Vidal, Philipp M. Lersch
Diskussionspapiere 1950 / 2021

The Effect of Self-Control and Financial Literacy on Impulse Borrowing: Experimental Evidence

This paper examines the effect of reduced self-control on impulsive borrowing in a laboratory experiment. We manipulate self-control using an ego depletion task and show that it is effective. Following the ego depletion task, participants can anonymously buy hot drinks on credit. We find no significant average effects, but find that treated individuals that have low financial literacy are more likely ...

2021| Antonia Grohmann, Jana Hamdan
Diskussionspapiere 1946 / 2021

The Impact of Selection into the Labor Force on the Gender Wage Gap

We study the impact of selection bias on estimates of the gender pay gap, focusing on whether the gender pay gap has fallen since 1981. Previous research has found divergent results across techniques, identification strategies, data sets, and time periods. Using Michigan Panel Study of Income Dynamics data and a number of different identification strategies, we find robust evidence that, after controlling ...

2021| Francine D. Blau, Lawrence M. Kahn, Nikolai Boboshko, Matthew Comey

COVID-19: a Crisis of the Female Self-Employed

We investigate how the economic consequences of the pandemic, and of the governmentmandated measures to contain its spread, affect the self-employed – particularly women – in Germany. For our analysis, we use representative, real-time survey data in which respondents were asked about their situation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings indicate that among the self-employed, who generally face ...

Maastricht [u.a.]: Global Labor Organization, 2021, 72 S.
(GLO Discussion Paper Series ; 788)
| Daniel Graeber, Alexander S. Kritikos, Johannes Seebauer
952 results, from 31